1865 in Canada

Events from the year 1865 in Canada.

Years in Canada: 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868
Centuries: 18th century · 19th century · 20th century
Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s 1860s 1870s 1880s 1890s
Years: 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868



Federal governmentEdit




  • February 3 – Legislature approves message to Crown for union of British North America provinces.
  • February 20 – The Legislature of the Province of Canada passes a motion in favour of Confederation.
  • March 7 – New Brunswick rejects a Confederation scheme.
  • March 24 – Macdonald, Brown, Cartier, and Galt appointed to negotiate Confederation in London.
  • May 9 – American Civil War ends
  • May 10 – An Admiralty letter to the Colonial Office required colonial warships to "wear a Union Jack in the usual place, and the White Ensign, with either the Arms of the Colony, or such other distinguishing mark as may be chosen by the Colony, and approved by the Colonial Office and the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty". This regulation was mainly directed at Australia and not applicable to Canada, which had no Navy at that time.
  • October 20 – Proclamation of Ottawa as seat of government.
  • November 7 – 1865 Newfoundland general election
  • December 16 – A distinctive Blue Ensign for the province of Canada is authorized by the UK secretary of state for the colonies.
  • December 22 – Colonial Office Circular notifying revised Admiralty requirements for flags for colonial warships and for other colonial government vessels and requesting correct drawings of seals or badges to be adopted as distinguishing marks.


Full date unknownEdit


Historical documentsEdit

Confederation Canada must be aware of might of United States [2]

U.S. Congress resolves to withdraw from treaty limiting navies on Great Lakes[3]

Powerful British MP Benjamin Disraeli says Britain would be foolish to lose Canada [4]

U.S. ambassador reports British seem less defensive [5]

Governor General orders flags flown at half-mast following President Lincoln's assassination[6]

Arrest on U.S.A.-bound Canadian ship of man ready to kill "Yankees" [7]

Province of Canada law requires prostitutes available to sailors and soldiers to report for medical inspection if summoned[8]


  1. ^ "The Right Honourable Sir Lyman Poore Duff, P.C., G.C.M.G." Supreme Court of Canada. Archived from the original on 2015-06-06. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  2. ^ "The British-American Confederation" The Illustrated London News (February 4, 1865), The Civil War in America from The Illustrated London News. Accessed 20 September 2018
  3. ^ United States Department of State, "Thirty-Eighth Congress, Second Session. Joint Resolution..." Papers Relating to Foreign Affairs, Accompanying the Annual Message of the President to the First Session Thirty-Ninth Congress (1865), pg. 164. Accessed 9 September 2018
  4. ^ "Foreign News; Europe" Harper's Weekly; A Journal of Civilization, Vol. IX, Issue 432 (April 8, 1865), pg. 211. Accessed 9 September 2018
  5. ^ United States Department of State, "Mr. Adams to Mr. Seward" Papers Relating to Foreign Affairs, Accompanying the Annual Message of the President to the First Session Thirty-Ninth Congress (1865), pg. 262. Accessed 9 September 2018
  6. ^ United States Department of State, "Lord Monck to Sir F. Bruce" Executive Documents Printed by Order of the House of Representatives, during the First Session of the Thirty-Ninth Congress, 1865-'66 (1865-1866), pg. 184. Accessed 9 September 2018
  7. ^ "The Case of the Georgian" Northern Advance, Barrie, C.W. (April 26, 1865). Accessed 15 September 2018
  8. ^ "An Act for the prevention of contagious diseases at certain Naval and Military Stations in this Province" No. 220, 4th Session, 8th Parliament (September 4, 1865). Accessed 12 April 2021