1918 in Canada

Events from the year 1918 in Canada.

Years in Canada: 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1880s 1890s 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s
Years: 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920 1921



Federal governmentEdit

Provincial governmentsEdit

Lieutenant governorsEdit


Territorial governmentsEdit



Full date unknownEdit

Arts and literatureEdit



January to JuneEdit

July to DecemberEdit


John McCrae in uniform, circa 1914

Historical DocumentsEdit

British prime minister Lloyd George details British war aims, including liberation and self-determination of nations[2]

Ontario women recruited for summer work in food production[3]

Saskatchewan Victoria Cross winner Hugh Cairns cited for "most conspicuous bravery"[4]

His brother describes presentation of Victoria Cross to George Pearkes, "looking a very fine soldier indeed"[5]

Account of Canadian cavalry action resulting in Victoria Cross award for Gordon Flowerdew[6]

Shot-down pilot describes jumping from his falling plane despite bullet wounds and burns[7]

Canadian soldier describes his psychological strain[8]

Folksy Canadian enjoys leave in Paris, despite street crime[9]

Soldier appreciates "toothsomeness" of Christmas treats after living on hardtack and bully beef[10]

U.S. soldier newspaper salutes Canadian forces, but confuses Victoria Day and Dominion Day[11]

Saint John Housewives' League and War Gardens Association exhibit their prowess and patriotism in competitive exhibitions[12]

Ontario health board's tips and myths regarding influenza[13]

Various Montreal community groups aid fight against influenza[14]

Death notice for Mi'kmaq grand chief John Denny Jr. and inauguration of new grand chief Gabriel Sylliboy on Cape Breton Island[15]

United Farm Women of Ontario get their male counterparts to work with them[16]

United Farmers of Ontario protest undemocratic wartime government practices[17]

Basic English manual is aimed at foreign-born adults of "industrial class"[18]

Labour lawyer comments at length on deteriorating worker-management relations in Winnipeg[19]

Journalist says people in central Canada have no more influence on government than Westerners do (and perhaps less)[20]

Vilhjalmur Stefansson speaks on difficulties of his Arctic explorations, and overcoming them[21]

University of Manitoba convocation speaker addresses optimism[22]

Wilfrid Laurier comments on Louis Hémon's novel Maria Chapdelaine[23]


  1. ^ Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. http://criaw-icref.ca/millenium Archived 2014-01-02 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Labor Men Hear Lloyd George on British War Aims," The (Calgary) Morning Albertan (January 7, 1918), No. 261, pg. 1. Accessed 17 March 2020 https://cdm22007.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p22007coll18/id/199022/rec/88
  3. ^ Trades and Labour Branch, Department of Public Works, "Women's Work on the Land; How You May Assist in Food Production this Summer". Accessed 18 March 2020 http://collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayEcopies&rec_nbr=165380&ecopy=e000000412
  4. ^ "Awarded The Victoria Cross; 472168 Sergeant Hugh Cairns, D.C.M.[....]" Accessed 17 March 2020 http://scaa.usask.ca/gallery/war/memorials.html (scroll down to Cairns)
  5. ^ Letter of W.A. Pearkes (June 22, 1918). Accessed 17 March 2020 http://spcoll.library.uvic.ca/schoolnet/digicol/pearkes/plv5/viccrosslet.html
  6. ^ "Lieutenant Gordon Muriel Flowerdew, Lord Strathcona's Horse," Thirty Canadian V.Cs., pgs. 94-6. Accessed 17 March 2020 http://www.archive.org/stream/thirtycanadianvc00canauoft#page/94/mode/2up/
  7. ^ Letter of Alan Arnett McLeod (April 2, 1918). Accessed 17 March 2020 https://digitalcollections.lib.umanitoba.ca/islandora/object/uofm%3A2695124#page/1/mode/2up
  8. ^ Letter of Don Mackenzie (June 29, 1918). Accessed 17 March 2020 https://archives.queensu.ca/exhibits/archival-resources-teachers/archival-look-world-war-i/warfare-wwi (scroll down to "Wilma" and click on page images)
  9. ^ Letter of Jack Malcolm Brown (January 3, 1918). Accessed 17 March 2020 https://www.canadianletters.ca/content/document-622
  10. ^ Letter of Joseph McCartney (January 22, 1918). Accessed 17 March 2020 https://www.canadianletters.ca/content/document-1820
  11. ^ "Hail, Canada!" The Stars and Stripes (May 24, 1918), pg. 4. http://memory.loc.gov/service/sgp/sgpsas/1918/191805/19180524/04.pdf "Canada's Own Day," The Stars and Stripes (June 28, 1918), pg. 4. http://memory.loc.gov/service/sgp/sgpsas/1918/191806/19180628/04.pdf Accessed 17 March 2020
  12. ^ Exhibition pamphlets. Accessed 18 March 2020 http://website.nbm-mnb.ca/MOP/english/ww1/dosearch.asp?browse=8&results=50&all=true (scroll down to "War Gardens")
  13. ^ Ontario Provincial Board of Health, "Influenza Precautions; Warning to Health Authorities". Accessed 18 March 2020 http://www.archives.gov.on.ca/en/explore/online/health_records/big/big_10_influenza.aspx
  14. ^ S. Boucher, MD, "The Epidemic of Influenza," The Canadian Medical Association Journal (December 1918), pgs. 1090-1. Accessed 17 March 2020 https://quod.lib.umich.edu/f/flu/1870flu.0016.781/5/--epidemic-of-influenza
  15. ^ Helen Sylliboy (translation), "Message on the Death of Chief John Denny". https://www.cbu.ca/indigenous-affairs/mikmaq-resource-centre/miscellany/message-on-the-death-of-chief-john-denny/ Helen Sylliboy (translation), "September 1918". https://www.cbu.ca/indigenous-affairs/mikmaq-resource-centre/miscellany/september-1918/ Accessed 18 March 2020
  16. ^ "Chapter V; The United Farm Women," The Challenge of Agriculture; The Story of the United Farmers of Ontario (1921), pgs. 115-27. Accessed 18 March 2020 http://reader.library.cornell.edu/docviewer/digital?id=chla2712857#page/114/mode/2up
  17. ^ "Appendix; The Remonstrance," The Challenge of Agriculture; The Story of the United Farmers of Ontario (1921), pgs. 193-6. Accessed 18 March 2020 http://reader.library.cornell.edu/docviewer/digital?id=chla2712857#page/192/mode/2up
  18. ^ George Elmore Reaman, "Preface," English for New Canadians (1919), pg. 7. Accessed 18 March 2020 https://archive.org/details/englishfornewcan00reamuoft/page/n9/mode/2up
  19. ^ Letter of Thomas Murray (May 28, 1918). Accessed 19 March 2020 http://collectionscanada.gc.ca/pam_archives/index.php?fuseaction=genitem.displayEcopies&rec_nbr=97933
  20. ^ Bernard K. Sandwell, "West, East and the Government," Westing (1918), pgs. 14-15. Accessed 19 March 2020 http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/bibliography/4425/14.html
  21. ^ Vilh Jalmur [sic] Stefansson, "The Canadian Arctic Region," The Empire Club of Canada Addresses, pgs. 364-79. Accessed 19 March 2020 http://speeches.empireclub.org/62674/data?n=1
  22. ^ Robert Law, "Optimism" (May 10, 1918). Accessed 19 March 2020 http://peel.library.ualberta.ca/bibliography/4403/5.html
  23. ^ Oscar Douglas Skelton, Life and Letters of Sir Wilfrid Laurier; Volume II (1921), pgs. 552-3. Accessed 19 March 2020 http://www.archive.org/stream/lifelettwilflaur02skeluoft/