1824 and 1825 United States Senate elections

The United States Senate elections of 1824 and 1825 were elections for the United States Senate that saw the Jacksonians gain a majority over the Anti-Jacksonian National Republican Party.

1824 and 1825 United States Senate elections

← 1822 & 1823 Dates vary by state 1826 & 1827 →

16 of the 48 seats in the United States Senate (plus special elections)
25 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
 
Party Jacksonian Anti-Jacksonian
Seats won 8 10
Seats after 25 20
Seat change Increase 25 Increase 20
Seats up 0 0

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Last election 44 seats 3 seats
Seats before 43 5
Seat change Decrease 43 Decrease 5
Seats up 15 1

Majority Party before election


Democratic-Republican

Elected Majority Party


Jacksonian

As these elections were prior to ratification of the seventeenth amendment, Senators were chosen by state legislatures.

Results summaryEdit

Senate Party Division, 19th Congress (1825–1827)

  • Majority Party: Jacksonian (26)
  • Minority Party: Anti-Jacksonian (22)
  • Total seats: 48

Change in compositionEdit

Before the electionsEdit

  DR1 DR1 DR3 DR4
DR14 DR13 DR12 DR11 DR10 DR9 DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5
DR15 DR16 DR17 DR18 DR19 DR20 DR21 DR22 DR23 DR24
Majority →
DR34
Ohio
Ran
new party
DR33
N.C.
Ran
new party
DR32
Mo.
Ran
new party
DR31
Md.
Ran
new party
DR30
La.
Ran
new party
DR29
Conn.
Ran
new party
DR28 DR27 DR26 DR25
DR35
S.C.
Ran
new party
DR36
Ala.
Unknown
DR37
Ga.
Unknown
DR38
Ill.
Unknown
DR39
Ky.
Unknown
DR40
N.H.
Unknown
DR41
Ind.
Retired
DR42
Pa.
Retired
DR43
Vt.
Retired
Fa5
N.Y.
Retired
  Fa1 Fa2 Fa3 Fa4

Election resultsEdit

  DR1 DR1 DR3 DR4
DR14 DR13 DR12 DR11 DR10 DR9 DR8 DR7 DR6 DR5
DR15 DR16 DR17 DR18 DR19 DR20 DR21 DR22 DR23 DR24
Majority →
AJ6
Pa.
Gain
AJ5
Ohio
Gain
AJ4
Ind.
Gain
AJ3
Vt.
Re-elected
new party
AJ2
Mo.
Re-elected
new party
AJ1
La.
Re-elected
new party
DR28 DR27 DR26 DR25
V1
Conn.
DR Loss
V2
N.Y.
F Loss
J8
N.H.
Gain
J7
Ky.
Gain
J6
Ill.
Gain
J5
Ga.
Gain
J4
Ala.
Gain
J3
S.C.
Re-elected
new party
J2
N.C.
Re-elected
new party
J1
Md.
Re-elected
new party
  Fa1 Fa2 Fa3 Fa4

Beginning of the next CongressEdit

  AJ1 AJ2 AJ3 AJ4
AJ14 AJ13 AJ12 AJ11 AJ10 AJ9 AJ8 AJ7 AJ6 AJ5
AJ15 AJ16 AJ17 AJ18 AJ19 AJ20 V1 V2 V3 J25
Majority → J24
J15 J16 J17 J18 J19 J20 J21 J22 J23
J14 J13 J12 J11 J10 J9 J8 J7 J6 J5
  J1 J2 J3 J4
Key:
18th Congress 19th Congress
DR# Democratic-Republican AJ# Anti-Jacksonian
F# Federalist J# Jacksonian
  V# Vacant

Race summariesEdit

Bold states link to specific election articles.

Special elections during the 18th CongressEdit

In these special elections, the winners were seated during 1824 or before March 4, 1825; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Delaware
(Class 2)
Vacant Legislature had failed to elect.
Incumbent re-elected late January 9, 1824.
Federalist gain.
Delaware
(Class 1)
Vacant Caesar A. Rodney (DR) had resigned January 29, 1823 in the previous Congress.
Successor elected January 13, 1824.
Federalist gain.
Louisiana
(Class 3)
James Brown Democratic-Republican 1819 Incumbent resigned December 10, 1823 to become U.S. Minister to France.
Successor elected January 15, 1824.[3]
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor later re-elected, see below.
Connecticut
(Class 2)
Henry W. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1823 (Appointed) Interim appointee elected May 5, 1824.
Louisiana
(Class 2)
Henry Johnson Democratic-Republican 1818 (Appointed)
1823 (Special)
Incumbent resigned May 27, 1824 to become Governor of Louisiana.
Successor elected November 19, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Illinois
(Class 3)
Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican 1818
1819
Incumbent resigned March 3, 1824.
Successor elected November 24, 1824 on the third ballot, but not to next term.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Georgia
(Class 2)
Nicholas Ware Democratic-Republican 1821 (Special)
1823
Incumbent died September 7, 1824.
Successor elected December 6, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Virginia
(Class 2)
John Taylor Democratic-Republican 1792 (Special)
1793
Died August 21, 1824.
Successor elected December 7, 1824.
Democratic-Republican hold.

Races leading to the 19th CongressEdit

In these general elections, the winner was seated on March 4, 1825 (except where noted due to late election); ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Alabama William Kelly Democratic-Republican (Jackson faction) 1822 (Special) Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1824.[7]
Jacksonian gain.
Connecticut James Lanman Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1818 Incumbent re-elected in 1824[8] but disqualified.
Democratic-Republican loss.
Georgia John Elliott Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1819 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1824.[9]
Jacksonian gain.
Illinois Ninian Edwards Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1818
1819
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1824 on the tenth ballot.[10]
Jacksonian gain.
Indiana Waller Taylor Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1816
1818
Incumbent retired.
Successor elected in 1825 on the fourth ballot.[11]
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Kentucky Isham Talbot Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1815 (Special)
1819 (Lost or retired)
1820 (Special)
Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1824.[12]
Jacksonian gain.
Louisiana Josiah S. Johnston Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1824 Incumbent re-elected in 1825 on the second ballot as an Anti-Jacksonian.[13]
Maryland Edward Lloyd Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1819 Incumbent re-elected in 1825 as a Jacksonian.
Missouri David Barton Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1821 Incumbent re-elected in 1824 as an Anti-Jacksonian.[15]
New Hampshire John F. Parrott Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1818 Unknown if incumbent retired or lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1825 on the forty-first ballot.[a][16]
Jacksonian gain.
Successor seated late March 16, 1825.
New York Rufus King Federalist (Adams-Clay faction) 1789
1795
1796 (Resigned)
1813
1819/1820
Incumbent retired.
Vacant due to a deadlock in the New York State Legislature.[17][18]
Federalist loss.
North Carolina Nathaniel Macon Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1815 (Special)
1818
Incumbent re-elected in 1824 as a Jacksonian.[19]
Ohio Ethan Allen Brown Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1822 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
Successor elected in 1825 on the fourth ballot.[20]
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Pennsylvania Walter Lowrie Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1818 Incumbent retired.
Successor elected in February 1825 on the thirty-second ballot.[21]
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
South Carolina John Gaillard Democratic-Republican (Crawford faction) 1804 (Special)
1806
1812
1818
Incumbent re-elected in 1824 on the second ballot as a Jacksonian.[22]
Vermont William A. Palmer Democratic-Republican (Adams-Clay faction) 1818 (Special)
1818
Incumbent retired.
Successor elected in 1824 on the fourth ballot.[23]
Anti-Jacksonian gain.

Special elections during the 19th CongressEdit

In these special elections, the winners were seated in 1825 after March 4; ordered by election date.

State Incumbent Results Candidates
Senator Party Electoral history
Connecticut
(Class 3)
Vacant Vacant due to credentials challenge.
Successor elected May 4, 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian gain.
Rhode Island
(Class 2)
James DeWolf Anti-Jacksonian 1820 or 1821 Incumbent resigned October 31, 1825.
Successor elected October 31, 1825.
Anti-Jacksonian hold.

AlabamaEdit

ConnecticutEdit

Connecticut (Special, Class 2)Edit

Connecticut (Regular)Edit

Connecticut (Special, Class 3)Edit

DelawareEdit

Delaware (Special, Class 1)Edit

1824 United States Senate class 1 special election in Delaware
 
← 1822 (special) January 13, 1824 1827 →

29 members of the Delaware General Assembly
     
Candidate Thomas Clayton Henry M. Ridgely
Party Federalist Federalist
Alliance Anti-Jacksonian Jacksonian
Legislative vote 19 9
Percentage 65.5% 31.0%

Incumbent Democratic-Republican Caesar A. Rodney resigned on January 29, 1823 after being appointed U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Provinces of the River Plate, an office now known as the U.S. Ambassador to Argentina, by President James Monroe. A special election was held on January 13, 1824. Federalist Anti-Jacksonian Thomas Clayton, a Delaware State Senator and former congressman was elected to the office, beating Delaware State Representative Henry M. Ridgely, who was also a Federalist, but one with Jacksonian sympathies.

Delaware (Special, Class 2)Edit

1824 United States Senate class 2 special election in Delaware
 
← 1817 January 9, 1824 1827 (special) →

28 members of the Delaware General Assembly
   
Nominee Nicholas Van Dyke Andrew Gray
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Legislative vote 18 9
Percentage 64.3% 32.1%

The Delaware General Assembly had failed to elect a senator in the previous election cycle. Nicholas Van Dyke, the incumbent, was reelected late.

GeorgiaEdit

Georgia (Special)Edit

Georgia (Regular)Edit

IllinoisEdit

Illinois (Special)Edit

Incumbent Democratic-Republican Ninian Edwards resigned on March 3, 1824 to become the U.S. Minister to Mexico, although he never took office. Former Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives John McLean, a Democratic-Republican was elected to take his place on November 24, 1824.

Illinois (Regular)Edit

IndianaEdit

KentuckyEdit

LouisianaEdit

Louisiana (Special)Edit

1824 United States Senate special election in Louisiana
← 1819 January 15, 1824 1825 →

56 members of the Louisiana State Legislature
     
Candidate Josiah S. Johnston Edward Livingston
Party Democratic-Republican Democratic-Republican
Alliance Anti-Jacksonian Jacksonian
Legislative vote 29 27
Percentage 51.8% 48.2%

Incumbent Democratic-Republican James Brown resigned on December 10, 1823 to become the U.S. Minister to France. A special election was held on January 15, 1824. Both candidates were Democratic-Republicans but were split over loyalties to Andrew Jackson. The Anti-Jacksonian, former congressman Josiah S. Johnston narrowly defeated Jacksonian congressman Edward Livingston.

Louisiana (Regular)Edit

MarylandEdit

MissouriEdit

New HampshireEdit

New YorkEdit

North CarolinaEdit

OhioEdit

Incumbent Democratic-Republican Jacksonian Ethan Allen Brown was elected in an 1822 special election following the death of William A. Trimble. He was defeated for reelection by William Henry Harrison, a former congressman and war hero, who was an Anti-Jacksonian.

PennsylvaniaEdit

Rhode Island (Special)Edit

South CarolinaEdit

VermontEdit

Virginia (Special)Edit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ There were 36 ballots in 1824 in which the New Hampshire House of Representatives and New Hampshire Senate would not agree on a U.S. Senator. Balloting continued into 1825, and Woodbury was finally elected on the 5th ballot.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  2. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  3. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  4. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  5. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  6. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  7. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  8. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  9. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  10. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  11. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  12. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  13. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  14. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  15. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  16. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  17. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  18. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  19. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  20. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  21. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  22. ^ a b "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  23. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.
  24. ^ "A New Nation Votes". elections.lib.tufts.edu.