The Fifteenth Wisconsin Legislature convened from January 8, 1862, to April 7, 1862, in regular session, and re-convened from June 3, 1862, through June 17, 1862. The legislature further convened in a special session from September 10, 1862, through September 26, 1862.
|15th Wisconsin Legislature|
|Legislative body||Wisconsin Legislature|
|Meeting place||Wisconsin State Capitol|
|Term||January 6, 1862 – January 5, 1863|
|Election||November 5, 1861|
|President pro tempore|
|Assembly Speaker||Joseph W. Beardsley (UD)|
This was the first legislative session after the expansion and redistricting of the Senate and Assembly according to an act of the previous session. The Senate grew from 30 to 33 seats; the Assembly grew from 97 to 100 seats.
Senators representing even-numbered districts were newly elected for this session and were serving the first year of a two-year term. Assembly members were elected to a one-year term. Assembly members and odd-numbered senators were elected in the general election of November 8, 1861. Senators representing odd-numbered districts were serving the second year of their two-year term, having been elected in the general election held on November 6, 1860, or were elected in the 1861 election for a newly created district and were serving a one-year term.
Major events edit
- January 6, 1862: Inauguration of Louis P. Harvey as the 7th Governor of Wisconsin.
- January 10, 1862: Assemblymember Alexander Campbell of Iowa County resigned his seat after it was demonstrated that he had actually lost his election to Robert Wilson.
- January 16, 1862: Joseph M. Morrow sworn in to replace the deceased Simon D. Powers as assemblymember for the Monroe County district
- April 6–7, 1862: Battle of Shiloh took place in Hardin County, Tennessee. Three regiments of Wisconsin Volunteers participated in the battle. Former Wisconsin state senator James S. Alban was killed, and former state senator Benjamin Allen was wounded.
- April 19, 1862: Wisconsin Governor Louis P. Harvey died in an accident near Savannah, Tennessee. Lieutenant Governor Edward Salomon became the 8th Governor of Wisconsin.
- May 1, 1862: Union forces occupied New Orleans after Confederate forces evacuated the city.
- May 8, 1862: State senator Charles Quentin died.
- September 1, 1862: Dr. Francis Huebschmann was sworn in to replace the deceased Charles Quentin as senator for the 5th district.
- September 17, 1862: Battle of Antietam took place near Sharpsburg, Maryland. Five regiments of Wisconsin Volunteers participated in the battle.
- September 22, 1862: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
- October 8, 1862: Battle of Perryville took place near Perryville, Kentucky.
Major legislation edit
First session edit
- February 17, 1862: Joint Resolutions relative to amending the constitution in regard to the governor's salary, 1862 Joint Resolution 6. Proposed an amendment to the Constitution of Wisconsin to increase the salary of the governor from $1,250 to $2,500 per year. The amendment was rejected by voters in the November general election.
- March 22, 1862: Act to change the name of Bad Ax County to that of Vernon, 1862 Act 137
Special session edit
- September 25, 1862: Act to empower towns, cities, incorporated villages and counties to raise money for the payment of bounties to volunteers, 1862 Special Session Act 13
Party summary edit
Senate summary edit
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous Legislature||8||0||20||30||0|
|after May 8, 1862[note 1]||10||1||31||2|
|after June 1, 1862[note 2]||11||32||1|
|Final voting share||34.38%||65.63%|
|Beginning of the next Legislature||14||1||18||33||0|
Assembly summary edit
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous Legislature||26||0||71||97||0|
|Start of 1st Session[note 3]||43||11||45||99||1|
|after January 10[note 4]||44||44|
|after January 16[note 5]||45||100||0|
|after August 11[note 6]||10||99||1|
|Final voting share||45.45%||54.55%|
|Beginning of the next Legislature||44||2||54||100||0|
- 1st Regular session: January 8, 1862 – April 7, 1862; June 3, 1862 – June 17, 1862
- Special session: September 10, 1862 – September 26, 1862
Senate leadership edit
- President of the Senate: Edward Salomon, Lieutenant Governor (until April 19, 1862)
- President pro tempore: Frederick O. Thorpe (until September 10, 1862)
- Gerry Whiting Hazelton (from September 10, 1862)
Assembly leadership edit
- Speaker of the Assembly: Joseph W. Beardsley
Members of the Senate edit
Members of the Wisconsin Senate for the Fifteenth Wisconsin Legislature:
Members of the Assembly edit
Members of the Assembly for the Fifteenth Wisconsin Legislature:
|09||Adams||George H. Hall||Rep.||Dell Prairie|
|28||Ashland, Burnett, Dallas, Douglas, La Pointe, Polk||George R. Stuntz||Rep.||Superior|
|30||Bad Ax||1||Ole C. Johnson||Rep.||Breckenridge|
|2||Jeremiah M. Rusk||Rep.||Viroqua|
|02||Brown||Frederick S. Ellis||Dem.||Green Bay|
|32||Buffalo, Pepin, Trempealeau||Orlando Brown||Rep.||Gilmanton|
|19||Calumet||William F. Watrous||Dem.||Charleston|
|32||Chippewa, Dunn, Eau Claire||Horace W. Barnes||Union Rep.||Eau Claire|
|Clark & Jackson||Carl C. Pope||Rep.||Black River Falls|
|2||William Dutcher||Union Dem.||Columbus|
|3||Robert B. Sanderson||Rep.||Cambria|
|30||Crawford||Ormsby B. Thomas||Union Dem.||Prairie du Chien|
|11||Dane||1||Benjamin F. Adams||Rep.||Door Creek|
|2||Willard H. Chandler||Rep.||Windsor|
|26||3||Alden S. Sanborn||Dem.||Mazomanie|
|4||Nicholas M. Matts||Rep.||Verona|
|18||Dodge||1||Quartus H. Barron||Rep.||Fox Lake|
|2||John F. McCollum||Dem.||Trenton|
|3||Harvey C. Griffin||Dem.||Oak Grove|
|33||4||Jacob G. Mayer||Dem.||LeRoy|
|5||David D. Hoppcock||Dem.||Rubicon|
|22||Door, Oconto, Shawano||Ezra B. Stevens||Rep.||Sturgeon Bay|
|20||Fond du Lac||1||Charles F. Hammond||Rep.||Ripon|
|2||W. W. Hatcher||Dem.||Waupun|
|3||Campbell McLean||Rep.||Fond du Lac|
|5||Henry C. Hamilton||Dem.||Waucousta|
|16||Grant||1||William Brandon||Rep.||Smeltzer's Grove|
|3||Joseph T. Mills||Rep.||Lancaster|
|4||William W. Field||Rep.||Fennimore|
|24||Green||1||Calvin D. W. Leonard||Rep.||Dayton|
|2||Harvey T. Moore||Union Dem.||Spring Grove|
|29||Green Lake||Archibald Nichols||Rep.||Markesan|
|15||Iowa||1||Alexander Campbell (until Jan. 10)||Rep.||Ridgeway|
|Robert Wilson (from Jan. 10)||Dem.|
|2||John H. Vivian||Rep.||Mineral Point|
|2||Walter S. Greene||Union Dem.||Milford|
|3||William W. Reed||Rep.||Jefferson|
|4||John B. Crosby||Rep.||Palmyra|
|09||Juneau||D. R. W. Williams||Rep.||Werner|
|08||Kenosha||Reuben L. Bassett||Union Dem.||Wilmot|
|02||Kewaunee||George W. Elliott||Dem.||Ahnapee|
|31||La Crosse||Thomas B. Stoddard||Union Rep.||La Crosse|
|13||Lafayette||1||Charles B. Jennings||Dem.||Benton|
|19||Manitowoc||1||Samuel Rounseville||Ind. Rep.||Meeme|
|3||Elijah K. Rand||Dem.||Manitowoc|
|27||Marathon & Wood||Charles Hoeflinger||Dem.||Wausau|
|29||Marquette||Horatio S. Thomas||Dem.||Briggsville|
|05||Milwaukee||1||Henry L. Palmer||Dem.||Milwaukee|
|06||3||George K. Gregory||Dem.||Milwaukee|
|4||Jacob V. V. Platto||Dem.||Milwaukee|
|5||John M. Stowell||Dem.||Milwaukee|
|7||Henry Kirchhoff||Dem.||Ten Mile House|
|06||8||Perley J. Shumway||Dem.||Wauwatosa|
|9||L. Semmann||Dem.||Oak Creek|
|31||Monroe||--Vacant-- (until Jan. 16)|
|Joseph M. Morrow (from Jan. 16)||Ind. Dem.||Sparta|
|03||Ozaukee||John A. Schletz||Dem.||Grafton|
|28||Pierce & St. Croix||Joseph W. Beardsley||Union Dem.||Prescott|
|27||Portage||Alexander S. McDill||Rep.||Plover|
|07||Racine||1||Calvin H. Upham||Rep.||Racine|
|2||Thomas Butler||Dem.||Mount Pleasant|
|30||Richland||Leroy D. Gage||Dem.||Richland|
|17||Rock||1||Nathan B. Howard||Rep.||Magnolia|
|4||John Bannister||Union Rep.||Beloit|
|5||Allen C. Bates||Rep.||Janesville|
|14||Sauk||1||J. Stephens Tripp||Dem.||Sauk City|
|2||Argalus W. Starks||Union Dem.||Baraboo|
|2||John E. Thomas||Dem.||Sheboygan Falls|
|3||Samuel D. Hubbard (until Aug. 11)||Union||Scott|
|--Vacant-- (from Aug. 11)|
|12||Walworth||1||Fayette P. Arnold||Rep.||South Grove|
|2||Sylvester Hanson||Rep.||La Grange|
|3||Hilton W. Boyce||Ind. Rep.||Geneva|
|10||Waukesha||1||George W. Brown||Dem.||Brookfield Center|
|3||Peter D. Gifford||Dem.||North Prairie|
|4||William A. Vanderpool||Dem.||Vernon|
|27||Waupaca||Chester D. Combs||Rep.||North Royalton|
|09||Waushara||William C. Webb||Ind. Rep.||Wautoma|
|21||Winnebago||1||William E. Hanson||Rep.||Oshkosh|
|3||David R. Bean||Rep.||Waukau|
Senate employees edit
- Chief Clerk: John H. Warren
- Assistant Clerk: Erasmus D. Campbell
- Engrossing Clerk: T. Wilson Caster
- Enrolling Clerk: J. M. Randall
- Transcribing Clerk: F. W. Stewart
- Sergeant-at-Arms: Bloom U. Caswell
- Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms: James L. Wilder
- Postmaster: H. W. Browne
- Assistant Postmaster: D. H. Pulcifer
- Doorkeeper: William C. Lesure
- Assistant Doorkeeper: Julius C. Chandler
- C. H. Beyler
- John Crowley
- Fred Sholes
- Albert F. Dexter
- William L. Abbott
Assembly employees edit
- Chief Clerk: John S. Dean
- Assistant Clerk: Ephraim W. Young
- Bookkeeper: Sylvester Foord, Jr.
- Engrossing Clerk: Herbert A. Lewis
- Enrolling Clerk: Daniel Brisbois
- Transcribing Clerk: Henry F. Pelton
- Assistant Clerk: Ephraim W. Young
- Sergeant-at-Arms: A. A. Huntingdon
- Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms: Jas. G. Alden
- 2nd Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms: J. W. Overbaugh
- Postmaster: A. A. Bennett
- Assistant Postmaster: N. F. Pierce
- 2nd Assistant Postmaster: William P. Bowman
- Doorkeeper: J. I. Ellis
- Assistant Doorkeeper: Frederik Huchting
- Assistant Doorkeeper: E. T. Kearney
- Reese Evans
- E. C. Cavenaugh
- Barnet Wilson
- E. C. Mason
- Jno. N. Ford
- E. D. Strong
- Albert W. Carpenter
- Fred. VanBergen
- William Booth
- Samuel Myers
- Hugh Spencer
- Rufus H. Roys
- George D. Potter
- Linus S. Webb
Changes from the 14th Legislature edit
Senate redistricting edit
Summary of changes edit
- 17 senate districts were left unchanged.
- The Dane County district boundaries were slightly redrawn (11, 26).
- Dodge County went from having one senator to two (18, 33).
- Jefferson County went from two senators to one (23).
- Rock County went from two senators to one (17).
- Sauk County became its own senate district (14), after previously having been in a shared district with Adams and Juneau counties.
- Iowa County became its own senate district (15), after previously having been in a shared district with Richland county.
- Waushara County was moved from the 27th district to the 9th.
- The multi-county northeastern district was divided into two (2, 22).
- The multi-county western region of the state went from two senators to four (28, 30, 31, 32).
Senate districts edit
|Dist.||14th Legislature||15th Legislature|
|1||Sheboygan County||Sheboygan County|
|2||Brown, Outagamie, Door, Kewaunee, Oconto, Shawano counties||Brown, Kewaunee counties|
|3||Ozaukee County||Ozaukee County|
|4||Washington County||Washington County|
|5||Northern Milwaukee County||Northern Milwaukee County|
|6||Southern Milwaukee County||Southern Milwaukee County|
|7||Racine County||Racine County|
|8||Kenosha County||Kenosha County|
|9||Adams, Juneau, Sauk counties||Adams, Juneau, Waushara counties|
|10||Waukesha County||Waukesha County|
|11||Eastern Dane County||Eastern Dane County|
|12||Walworth County||Walworth County|
|13||Lafayette County||Lafayette County|
|14||Northern Jefferson County||Sauk County|
|15||Iowa, Richland counties||Iowa County|
|16||Grant County||Grant County|
|17||Western Rock County||Rock County|
|18||Eastern Rock County||Western Dodge County|
|19||Manitowoc, Calumet counties||Manitowoc, Calumet counties|
|20||Fond du Lac County||Fond du Lac County|
|21||Winnebago County||Winnebago County|
|22||Dodge County||Door, Oconto, Outagamie, Shawanaw counties|
|23||Southern Jefferson County||Jefferson County|
|24||Green County||Green County|
|25||Columbia County||Columbia County|
|26||Western Dane County||Western Dane County|
|27||Marathon, Portage, Waupaca, Waushara, Wood counties||Marathon, Portage, Waupaca, Wood counties|
|28||Burnett, Chippewa, Clark, Douglas, Dunn, La Pointe, Pierce, Polk, St. Croix counties||Ashland, Burnett, Dallas, Douglas, La Pointe, Pierce, Polk, St. Croix counties|
|29||Marquette County||Marquette County|
|30||Bad Ax, Buffalo, Crawford, Jackson, La Crosse, Monroe, Tremealeau counties||Bad Ax, Crawford, Richland counties|
|31||Did not exist in 14th Legislature||La Crosse, Monroe counties|
|32||Buffalo, Chippewa, Clark, Dunn, Eau Claire, Jackson, Pepin, Trempealeau counties|
|33||Eastern Dodge County|
Assembly redistricting edit
Summary of changes edit
- Adams and Juneau counties became separate assembly districts, after previously having been in a shared district.
- Bad Ax County became 2 assembly districts, after previously having been in a shared district with Crawford County.
- Dane County went from having 6 districts to 5.
- Dodge County went from having 6 districts to 5.
- Jefferson County went from having 5 districts to 4.
- Kenosha County went from having 2 districts to 1.
- Kewaunee County became its own assembly district, after previously having been in a shared district with Door, Oconto, and Shawano counties.
- La Crosse and Monroe counties became separate assembly districts, after previously having been in a shared district.
- Lafayette County went from having 3 districts to 2.
- Manitowoc County went from having 2 districts to 3.
- Marquette County went from having 2 districts to 1.
- Ozaukee County went from having 2 districts to 1.
- Portage County became its own assembly district, after previously having been in a shared district with Marathon and Wood counties.
- Racine County went from having 4 districts to 3.
- Rock County went from having 5 districts to 6.
- Sheboygan County went from having 3 districts to 4.
Assembly districts edit
|County||Districts in 14th Legislature||Districts in 15th Legislature|
|Adams||Shared with Juneau||1 District|
|Ashland||Shared with Burnett, Douglas, La Pointe, Polk, St. Croix||Shared with Burnett, Dallas, Douglas, La Pointe, Polk|
|Bad Ax||Shared with Crawford||2 Districts|
|Brown||1 District||1 District|
|Buffalo||Shared with Jackson, Trempealeau||Shared with Pepin, Trempealeau|
|Burnett||Shared with Ashland, Douglas, La Pointe, Polk, St. Croix||Shared with Ashland, Dallas, Douglas, La Pointe, Polk|
|Calumet||1 District||1 District|
|Chippewa||Shared with Clark, Dunn, Pierce||Shared with Dunn, Eau Claire|
|Clark||Shared with Chippewa, Dunn, Pierce||Shared with Jackson|
|Columbia||3 Districts||3 Districts|
|Crawford||Shared with Bad Ax||Shared with Bad Ax|
|Dallas||Did not exist||Shared with Ashland, Burnett, Douglas, La Pointe, Polk|
|Dane||6 Districts||5 Districts|
|Dodge||6 Districts||5 Districts|
|Door||Shared with Kewaunee, Oconto, Shawano||Shared with Oconto, Shawano|
|Douglas||Shared with Ashland, Burnett, La Pointe, Polk, St. Croix||Shared with Ashland, Burnett, Dallas, La Pointe, Polk|
|Dunn||Shared with Chippewa, Clark, Pierce||Shared with Chippewa, Eau Claire|
|Eau Claire||Did not exist||Shared with Chippewa, Dunn|
|Fond du Lac||5 Districts||5 Districts|
|Grant||5 Districts||5 Districts|
|Green||2 Districts||2 Districts|
|Green Lake||1 District||1 District|
|Iowa||2 Districts||2 Districts|
|Jackson||Shared with Buffalo, Trempealeau||Shared with Clark|
|Jefferson||5 Districts||4 Districts|
|Juneau||Shared with Adams||1 District|
|Kenosha||2 Districts||1 District|
|Kewaunee||Shared with Door, Oconto, Shawano||1 District|
|La Crosse||Shared with Monroe||1 District|
|La Pointe||Shared with Ashland, Burnett, Douglas, Polk, St. Croix||Shared with Ashland, Burnett, Dallas, Douglas, Polk|
|Lafayette||3 Districts||2 Districts|
|Manitowoc||2 Districts||3 Districts|
|Marathon||Shared with Portage, Wood||Shared with Wood|
|Marquette||2 Districts||1 District|
|Milwaukee||9 Districts||9 Districts|
|Monroe||Shared with La Crosse||1 District|
|Oconto||Shared with Door, Kewaunee, Shawano||Shared with Door, Shawano|
|Outagamie||1 District||1 District|
|Ozaukee||2 Districts||1 District|
|Pepin||Shared with Chippewa, Clark, Dunn||Shared with Buffalo, Trempealeau|
|Pierce||Shared with Chippewa, Clark, Dunn||Shared with St. Croix|
|Polk||Shared with Ashland, Burnett, Douglas, La Pointe, St. Croix||Shared with Ashland, Burnett, Dallas, Douglas, La Pointe|
|Portage||Shared with Marathon, Wood||1 District|
|Racine||4 Districts||3 Districts|
|Richland||1 District||1 District|
|Rock||5 Districts||6 Districts|
|Sauk||2 Districts||2 Districts|
|Shawano||Shared with Door, Kewaunee, Oconto||Shared with Door, Oconto|
|Sheboygan||3 Districts||4 Districts|
|St. Croix||Shared with Ashland, Burnett, Douglas, La Pointe, Polk||Shared with Pierce|
|Trempealeau||Shared with Buffalo, Jackson||Shared with Buffalo, Pepin|
|Walworth||4 Districts||4 Districts|
|Washington||3 Districts||3 Districts|
|Waukesha||4 Districts||4 Districts|
|Waupaca||1 District||1 District|
|Waushara||1 District||1 District|
|Winnebago||3 Districts||3 Districts|
|Wood||Shared with Marathon, Portage||Shared with Marathon|
- Charles Quentin (District 5) died in office. Norman S. Cate (District 30) resigned.
- Francis Huebschmann (District 5) was elected to replace Charles Quentin.
- Simeon D. Powers (Monroe County) was elected in the 1861 general election but died December 15, 1861.
- Robert Wilson replaced Alexander Campbell (Iowa 1st district) due to successful election challenge.
- Joseph M. Morrow replaced Simeon D. Powers (deceased; Monroe County).
- Samuel D. Hubbard (Sheboygan 3rd district) resigned.
- "Annals of the legislature". The Blue Book of the state of Wisconsin 1882 (Report). State of Wisconsin. pp. 201–202. Retrieved October 12, 2019.
- "Statistical list of the Senate of 1862". The legislative manual of the state of Wisconsin (Report). State of Wisconsin. 1862. pp. 72–73. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
- "Statistical list of the Assembly of 1862". The legislative manual of the state of Wisconsin (Report). State of Wisconsin. 1862. pp. 83–86. Retrieved October 13, 2019.