This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2019)
This article contains information about the literary events and publications of 1559.
- April – The Act of Uniformity sets the order of prayer in accordance with a new version of the Book of Common Prayer.
- Before August – Pope Paul IV promulgates the Pauline Index, an early version of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum.
- Jacques Amyot (translator)
- Daphnis et Chloë, from Longus' Daphnis and Chloe
- Vies des hommes illustres, from Plutarch's Parallel Lives (begins)
- Joachim du Bellay – Discours au roi
- Realdo Colombo – De Re Anatomica
- Jorge de Montemayor – Diana
- Die Magdeburger Centurien (Magdeburg Centuries, first three volumes, publication continues up to 1574)
- Jasper Heywood – Translation of Seneca the Younger's Troas
- See 1559 in poetry
- February 18 – Isaac Casaubon, Genevan classicist and church historian (died 1614)
- October 12 – Jacques Sirmond, Jesuit scholar (died 1651)
- December – Lupercio Leonardo de Argensola, dramatist and poet (died 1613)
- unknown dates
- Luis Cabrera de Córdoba, Spanish historian (died 1623)
- Christopher Holywood, Jesuit writer (died 1626)
- John Penry, Protestant pamphleteer and martyr (died 1593)
- January – Steven Mierdman, printer (born c. 1510)
- May 19 – Pierre Doré, theologian (born c. 1500)
- August 15 – Luigi Lippomano, hagiographer (born 1500)
- August 25 – Nicholas Tacitus Zegers, Bible exegete (born c. 1495)
- September 7 – Robert Estienne, printer (born 1503)
- Probable year of death – Sebastián Fox Morcillo, philosopher
- ^ "Elizabeth's Act of Uniformity (1559), 1 Elizabeth, Cap. 2". Hanover Historical Texts Project. March 2001. Retrieved 23 December 2018.
- ^ Paul F. Grendler (1 January 2006). Renaissance Education Between Religion and Politics. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-86078-989-5.
- ^ "Isaac Casaubon | French scholar". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- ^ Classica Et Mediaevalia. Gyldendal. 2000. p. 254. ISBN 978-87-7289-662-5.
- ^ Paul Valkema Blouw (7 June 2013). Dutch Typography in the Sixteenth Century: The Collected Works of Paul Valkema Blouw. BRILL. p. 312. ISBN 90-04-25655-5.
- ^ S.E.L.A. Southeastern Conference on Latin American Studies. 1997. p. 17.