14th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 14th Infantry Brigade was a British Army formation during both the First World War and the Second World War.

14th Infantry Brigade
Active1914–1918
1939–1945
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeInfantry
Airlanding
RoleAirborne
EngagementsFirst World War
Second World War

HistoryEdit

First World WarEdit

In 1914 this brigade was part of the 5th Division and moved over to France.[1] On 30 December 1915 the brigade was transferred to the 32nd Division.[2]

Component units during the First World WarEdit

Subordinate units included:[1]

Second World WarEdit

At the start of the war this formation was made up of regular army battalions based in the Middle East garrisons, nominally part of the 8th Infantry Division. It was present at the Battle of Crete, holding Heraklion airfield and causing many casualties among the German Parachute troops. Evacuated to North Africa where it became part of the 70th Infantry Division in the break out from Tobruk. The 70th Infantry Division was transferred to India and then Burma. Here the division, including the 14th Infantry Brigade, was split up and reformed as Chindits, fighting in the Second Chindit Expedition of 1944 (codenamed Operation Thursday). The brigade suffered 489 casualties during the Chindit operation.[3] On 1 November 1944 the brigade was redesignated as the 14th British Airlanding Brigade.[4]

Component units during the Second World WarEdit

The following infantry battalions were assigned to the 14th Infantry Brigade for various periods in the Second World War.[5]

CommandersEdit

Commanders included:[6]

See alsoEdit

Bigadier-General C.Compton, C.C., C.M.G. 28 June 1915 - [16]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "The 5th Division in 1914–1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  2. ^ "The 32nd Division in 1914–1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 2 February 2013.
  3. ^ Young, Frank. "Chindits, Special Force Burma 1942-1944". Retrieved 20 April 2009.
  4. ^ "14th Indian Airlanding Brigade". Paradata. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Subordinates". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Appointments". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  7. ^ London Gazette, 16 December 1930 (issue 33670), p. 8078
  8. ^ London Gazette, 23 December 1930 (issue 33672), p. 8256
  9. ^ London Gazette, 30 June 1933 (issue 33955), p. 4382
  10. ^ London Gazette, 11 July 1933 (issue 33959), p. 4653
  11. ^ London Gazette, 29 June 1937 (issue 34413), p. 4176
  12. ^ London Gazette, 6 July 1937 (issue 34415), p. 434
  13. ^ London Gazette, 14 February 1939 (issue 34598), p. 1068
  14. ^ London Gazette, 10 January 1939 (issue 34588), p. 215
  15. ^ London Gazette, 25 August 1939 (issue 34658), p. 5842
  16. ^ "5th Division of The Great War"

Further readingEdit