Fermoy (Irish: Mainistir Fhear Maí, meaning "monastery of the Men of the Plain") is a town on the River Blackwater in east County Cork, Ireland. As of the 2016 census, the town and environs had a population of approximately 6,500 people. It is located in the barony of Fermoy. Fermoy is part of the Cork East (Dáil constituency).
Mainistir Fhear Maí
The weir on the Munster Blackwater through Fermoy
Seasaigí Go Buan
Let you (pl.) stand forever
|• Total||4.6 km2 (1.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||50 m (160 ft)|
|• Density||1,428.1/km2 (3,699/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC±0 (WET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+1 (IST)|
|Eircode routing key|
|Telephone area code||+353(0)25|
|Irish Grid Reference|
The town's name comes from the Irish and refers to a Cistercian abbey founded in the 13th century.
A Cistercian abbey was founded in Fermoy in the 13th century. At the dissolution of the monasteries during the Tudor period, the abbey and its lands passed through the following dynasties: Sir Richard Grenville, Robert Boyle and William Forward. However, the site could hardly have been regarded as a town and, by the late 18th century, was little more than a few cabins and an inn.
18th and 19th centuryEdit
In 1791, the lands around Fermoy were bought by a Scotsman, John Anderson. He was an entrepreneur who developed the roads and started the mail coach system in Ireland. He designed the town and the streets remain much the same as they were originally built. In 1984, some of his descendants, living in Australia, named a winery, Fermoy Estate, after the town he established. A plaque and bust in his honour were unveiled at the entrance to the town park in 2001.
Fermoy was the site of Fermoy Barracks, a large British Army barracks, when Ireland was under British rule. In 1797, when the army was looking to establish a new and permanent base, Anderson gave them the land as an inducement to locate in Fermoy. Anderson and the town received economic benefit from the arrangement. In 1806 the first permanent barracks, the East Barracks, were built. They were located on 16½ acres of land, and provided accommodation for 112 officers and 1478 men of infantry, and 24 officers, 120 men, and 112 horses of cavalry. A general 130-bed military hospital was also built. In 1809, the West Barracks was built. This also had a 42-bed hospital. When both barracks were complete, there was accommodation for 14 field officers, 169 officers, 2,816 men, and 152 horses. By the 1830s, this was the largest military establishment on the island of Ireland. The town of Fermoy expanded around these facilities and retained its British military facilities until 1922, when the Irish Free State was first established.
20th Century – presentEdit
During the War of Independence, Fermoy was the scene of the first attack for arms by the IRA against British troops, during which a Private Jones was killed. This resulted in several reprisals, including when British troops looted and burned part of the town centre. One of those who led the raid, IRA Commandant Michael Fitzgerald, was subsequently captured but never tried for the offence. He later became the first IRA man to die on hunger strike during the War of Independence.
As of the 2016 census, Fermoy had a population of 6,585. Of these, 72% were white Irish, 1% white Irish travellers, 19% other white ethnicities, 1% were black, 1% Asian, 2% other ethnicities, and 2% did not state their ethnicity. In terms of religion the area is 83% Catholic, 6% other stated religions, 8% have no religion, and 2% not stated.
Fermoy is situated on the river Blackwater and has steep hills corresponding to the river valley. The downtown area of Fermoy is located in a flood plain and has flooded relatively often in the late 20th and early 21st century. The most expensive flood prevention works ever carried out in Cork were completed in Fermoy in 2015.
The civil parish of Fermoy incorporates the Fermoy Urban electoral division (ED), much of the Fermoy Rural ED, and includes twelve sub-townlands. These include smaller townlands (such as Grange East and Grange West), and larger townlands (like Duntahane).
Industries in and around the town include chemical production (by Micro Bio), ice-cream manufacturing (by Silver Pail), and power product manufacturing (by Anderson Power). The town's industries also include electronics manufacturing and assembly by Sanmina-SCI Corporation, formerly Space Craft Incorporated. Moorepark Research Institute, near Fermoy, is one of the Irish state's agricultural and food research institutes.
Local secondary schools include St. Colman's College, Loreto Convent and Coláiste an Chraoibhín. Primary schools include Gaelscoil de hÍde, Presentation Primary School, Bishop Murphy Memorial School, St. Josephs National School and Adair National School.
The Blackwater river is one of the town's major attractions and is popular for its salmon and coarse fishing. There is also a river-side walk amenity at Barnane.
The town's two annual regattas – usually in early May and early September – are hosted by Fermoy Rowing Club and attract over a thousand visitors. Fermoy Rowing Club celebrated its 125th anniversary in 2009, and Fermoy Regatta, by coincidence, celebrated its 70th anniversary in the same year.
Fermoy hosted a poetry festival for the first time in 2012.
For many years the main N8 Cork–Dublin road ran through Fermoy, and the town square was a bottleneck on the route. However, the M8 motorway bypass, which included a new bridge over the Blackwater to the east of the town was opened in late 2006. The former N8 through the town is now a regional road, the R639, and Fermoy's traffic problems have been eased.
The town used to be connected to the Irish railway system, on a line from Mallow to Waterford, with a junction to nearby Mitchelstown through Ballindangan (see Irish railway history). Fermoy railway station opened on 17 May 1860, and finally closed on 27 March 1967.
The nearest airport is Cork Airport, approximately 45 kilometres (28 miles) to the south.
The Christian Brothers, the Presentation and Loreto Sisters and Jehovah’s Witnesses maintain a presence in the town. There is also a Church of Ireland (Anglican) Church, Christ Church, and a Presbyterian Church.
- Patrick Andrew Collins (1844–1905), a US Representative from Massachusetts and mayor of Boston, was born near Fermoy.
- John Stanislaus Joyce, father of James Joyce, author of Ulysses, was born in Fermoy.
- Noel Mahony (1913-2006), first-class cricketer and president of the Irish Cricket Union.
- John Magnier, owner of Coolmore Stud
- James McConnell (1815–1883) was born in Fermoy, and was a founder member of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. He was also Locomotive Superintendent of the Southern Division of the London & North Western Railway from 1847 to 1862.
- Arthur O'Callaghan (1837–1930), Member of Parliament in New Zealand
- Brother Colm O'Connell, Irish missionary and coach of world-famous track athletes, is from Caherduggan
- Mike Ross, professional rugby union player for Leinster and Ireland, is from Ballyhooly, near Fermoy
- Mary Hegarty, Irish operatic soprano
- Michelle O'Neill was born in Fermoy and is deputy leader of Sinn Féin
From 2006 until 2020, Fermoy was twinned with Nowa Dęba in Poland. When, in early 2020, it was brought to the attention of Fermoy's town council that Nowa Dęba had adopted resolutions against "LGBT ideology" and "propaganda", the council said that they would end the agreement if Nowa Dęba did not reverse its decision to declare itself an "LGBT-free zone". This did not happen, and Fermoy's town council terminated the twinning agreement in October 2020. In January 2021, Nowa Dęba's council voted to revoke the controversial declaration; a decision welcomed by the LGBT community and activists.
- Fermoy on the Blackwater, by Bill Power, 2009 (Brigown Press, 410 pages)
- Fermoy: A local history, by Niall Brunicard (first published 1975)
- John Anderson of Fermoy, the forgotten benefactor, by Niall Brunicardi, (first published 1983)
- To die by inches: An account of the Fermoy Poor Law Union during the Great Famine, 1845–1850, by Edward Garner (first published 1986)
- Críchad an Chaoilli: Being the Topography of Ancient Fermoy, by Patrick Power (first published 1932) (University College Cork)
- A sketch of the Blackwater, from Youghal to Fermoy, by Samuel Hayman (first published 1860)
- Fermoy, 1841 to 1890: A local history, by Niall Brunicardi (first published 1978)
- The diary of Wilfrid Saxby Barham, captain "The Buffs," during the great war 1914–1915: Fermoy-Dover-Armentieres-Ypres, by Wilfrid Saxby Barham (first published 1918)
- A sense of Fermoy, by J.J. Bunyan (first published 1983)
- "Population Density and Area Size 2016". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Retrieved 26 December 2017.
- Census for post 1821 figures.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency". Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
- Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
- Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl:10197/1406. Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
- Zekulich, Michael (2000). Wine Western Australia (all new ed.). Perth: St George Books. p. 159. ISBN 0867780614.
- "Fermoy Demographics". Census 2016 - Small Area Population Statistics. CSO. 2016.
- "Fermoy Flood Defence Scheme". Office of Public Works. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
Fermoy, County Cork has a long history of flooding [...] with major events occurring approximately 15 times in the last 30 years
- "Fermoy flood prevention work almost complete". 27 August 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- "Civil Parish of Fermoy - Townlands". Townlands.ie. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- "Club plans 125th birthday bash". Irish Independent. 2 April 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
- "Fermoy poetry festival". Retrieved 27 July 2012.
- "Fermoy station" (PDF). Railscot – Irish Railways. Retrieved 14 October 2007.
- "Player profile: Noel Cameron Mahony". CricketEurope. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record, 1840–1984 (4 ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 224. OCLC 154283103.
- "Clash of the Ash". TCD – Irish film and TV research. Retrieved 20 October 2012.
- "Clash of the Ash". RTÉ. Retrieved 28 October 2019 – via YouTube.
- "Fermoy to host group from French twin town". echolive.ie. The Echo. 4 May 2017. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
- "Fermoy threatens to sever ties with Polish town over LGBT+ stance". irishexaminer.com. Irish Examiner. 23 July 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
- "Co Cork town ends twinning arrangement with Polish "LGBT-Free zone"". irishcentral.com. 13 October 2020. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
- "KOMITET MIAST BLIŹNIACZYCH NOWA DĘBA – FERMOY – PLOEMEUR – KRS – InfoVeriti". infoveriti.pl. 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "Cork town issues ultimatum to Polish twin town over anti-LGBT+ laws". GCN. 24 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Fermoy to terminate twinning arrangement with 'LGBT-Free Zone' town in Poland". irishexaminer.com. Irish Examiner. 5 March 2020. Retrieved 25 March 2020.
- "Irlandzkie miasto zrywa współpracę z Nową Dębą z powodu uchwały przeciw LGBT" (in Polish). Retrieved 14 October 2020.
- "Jedna z podkarpackich gmin uchyliła uchwałę o "strefie wolnej od LGBT"" (in Polish). Retrieved 28 January 2021.
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