13th G7 summit

The 13th G7 Summit was held in Venice, Italy between June 8 and 10, 1987. The venue for the summit meetings was the island of San Giorgio Maggiore in the Venetian lagoon.[1]

13th G7 summit
Basilica di San Giorgio Maggiore (Venice).jpg
San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice
Host countryItaly
DatesJune 8–10, 1987
Venue(s)Giorgio Cini Foundation
CitiesVenice, Veneto
Follows12th G7 summit
Precedes14th G7 summit

The Group of Seven (G7) was an unofficial forum which brought together the heads of the richest industrialized countries: France, West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada (since 1976)[2] and the President of the European Commission (starting officially in 1981).[3] The summits were not meant to be linked formally with wider international institutions; and in fact, a mild rebellion against the stiff formality of other international meetings was a part of the genesis of cooperation between France's President Giscard d'Estaing and West Germany's Chancellor Helmut Schmidt as they conceived the first Group of Six (G6) summit in 1975.[4]

Leaders at the summitEdit

The G7 is an unofficial annual forum for the leaders of Canada, the European Commission, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.[3]

The 13th G7 summit was the last summit for Italian Prime Minister Amintore Fanfani and Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone.

ParticipantsEdit

These summit participants are the current "core members" of the international forum:[5][1][6]

Core G7 members
Host state and leader are shown in bold text.
Member Represented by Title
  Canada Brian Mulroney Prime Minister
  France François Mitterrand President
  West Germany Helmut Kohl Chancellor
  Italy Amintore Fanfani Prime Minister
  Japan Yasuhiro Nakasone Prime Minister
  United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher Prime Minister
  United States Ronald Reagan President
  European Community Jacques Delors Commission President
Wilfried Martens Council President

IssuesEdit

The summit was intended as a venue for resolving differences among its members. As a practical matter, the summit was also conceived as an opportunity for its members to give each other mutual encouragement in the face of difficult economic decisions.[4]

GalleryEdit

AccomplishmentsEdit

In 1987, the summit leaders "underlined" their "responsibility" for what happens to the world's forests, but there is little evidence of follow-up action.[7]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA): Summit Meetings in the Past.
  2. ^ Saunders, Doug. "Weight of the world too heavy for G8 shoulders," Archived 2009-04-29 at WebCite Globe and Mail (Toronto). July 5, 2008 -- n.b., the G7 becomes the Group of Eight (G7) with the inclusion of Russia starting in 1997.
  3. ^ a b Reuters: "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?", July 3, 2008.
  4. ^ a b Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations, p. 205.
  5. ^ Rieffel, Lex. "Regional Voices in Global Governance: Looking to 2010 (Part IV)," Archived June 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Brookings. March 27, 2009; "core" members (Muskoka 2010 G-8, official site). Archived June 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ MOFA: Summit (13); European Union: "EU and the G8" Archived 2007-02-26 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Sadruddin, Aga Khan. "It's Time to Save the Forests," New York Times. July 19, 2000.

ReferencesEdit

  • Bayne, Nicholas and Robert D. Putnam. (2000). Hanging in There: The G7 and G8 Summit in Maturity and Renewal. Aldershot, Hampshire, England: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-1185-1; OCLC 43186692
  • Reinalda, Bob and Bertjan Verbeek. (1998). Autonomous Policy Making by International Organizations. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-16486-3; ISBN 978-0-203-45085-7; OCLC 39013643

External linksEdit