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Żyrardów [ʐɨˈrarduf] (About this soundlisten) is a town and former industrial hub in central Poland with approximately 41,400 inhabitants (2006). It is the capital of Żyrardów County situated in the Masovian Voivodeship (since 1999); previously, it was in Skierniewice Voivodeship (1975–1998) 45 kilometres (28 miles) west of Warsaw. Żyrardów, initially a textile settlement, was named after French engineer and inventor Philippe de Girard, who worked in the area.

Żyrardów
Historical pension lodge
Historical pension lodge
Flag of Żyrardów
Flag
Coat of arms of Żyrardów
Coat of arms
Żyrardów is located in Poland
Żyrardów
Żyrardów
Coordinates: 52°3′N 20°26′E / 52.050°N 20.433°E / 52.050; 20.433Coordinates: 52°3′N 20°26′E / 52.050°N 20.433°E / 52.050; 20.433
Country Poland
VoivodeshipMasovian
CountyŻyrardów County
GminaŻyrardów (urban gmina)
Established1830
Town rights1916
Government
 • MayorWojciech Jasiński
Area
 • Total14.35 km2 (5.54 sq mi)
Population
(2006)
 • Total41,161
 • Density2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
96-300
Area code(s)+48 046
Car platesWZY
Websitewww.zyrardow.pl

Contents

HistoryEdit

Founded by the Łubieński brothers as a textile factory in 1833. One of directors of the factory was French inventor Philippe de Girard (from Lourmarin). The town developed during the 19th century into a significant textile mill town in Poland. In honour of Girard, Ruda Guzowska was renamed Żyrardów, a toponym derived of the polonised spelling of Girard's name.

On September 13, 1939 Germany captured the town. In 1941 they transported Jews into Warsaw ghetto. The town museum is nowadays located in the former palace of owner of factory K. Dittrich. A sign near the entrance to the town states that it was the only city in Europe, entirely set up for a factory. The town was named one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments (Pomnik historii), as designated January 17, 2012. Its listing is maintained by the National Heritage Board of Poland.

MonumentsEdit

 
Winter panorama of main square
 
City magistrate
 
Bank Pekao building

Most of Żyrardów's monuments are located in the manufacturing area which dates from the 19th and early 20th centuries. It is widely believed that Żyrardów's textile settlement is the only whole urban industrial 19th-century complex to be preserved in Europe.

EducationEdit

  • Szkoła Mistrzostwa Sportowego w Kolarstwie
  • Wyższa Szkoła Rozwoju Lokalnego
  • Liceum Ogólnokształcące im. Stefana Żeromskiego
  • Zespół Szkół Publicznych nr. 7 im. Henryka Sienkiewicza w Żyrardowie

SportEdit

Since 1923 in Żyrardów a football club named Żyrardowianka Żyrardów (used to be named Włókniarz Żyrardów), which in 2015/2016 was part of IV League of polish football.

Notable peopleEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Żyrardów is twinned with:

External linksEdit