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|Minister of Interior|
October 25, 1937 – November 11, 1938
|Prime Minister||Celal Bayar|
|Succeeded by||Refik Saydam|
|Minister of Interior|
November 1, 1927 – October 25, 1937
|Prime Minister||İsmet İnönü|
|Preceded by||Mehmet Cemil Uybadın|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
November 21, 1924 – March 3, 1925
|Prime Minister||Ali Fethi Okyar|
|Preceded by||İsmet İnönü|
|Succeeded by||Tevfik Rüştü Aras|
|Minister of Agriculture|
August 31, 1924 – October 21, 1924
|Prime Minister||Ismet Inönü|
|Preceded by||Zekai Apaydın|
|Succeeded by||Hasan Fehmi (Ataç)|
|Mayor and Governor of Izmir|
Istanköy, Ottoman Empire
|Died||January 10, 1959|
|Alma mater||Galatasaray High School, Istanbul University Faculty of Law, University of Paris|
Born in İstanköy (Kos), part of the Dodecanese in the then Ottoman Empire, he finished Galatasaray High School before he graduated from Law School in 1908. He did his graduate work in Paris, France. He worked as inspector of treasury for the Empire.
At the start of World War I, Şükrü was appointed the Director of Settlement of Tribes and Migrants. The Director of Settlement of Tribes and Migrants was mainly tasked with managing the Armenian deportations during the Armenian Genocide. In September 1915, he was transferred to Aleppo, an important location along the deportation route into the Syrian desert.
While the Armenian Genocide was underway, Şükrü was tasked to administrate the concentration camps of Armenian deportees located in Syria. In order to manage the large influx of Armenians into the area, Şükrü started a policy that enforced a certain ratio of Armenians to be left untouched. However, once the Armenians exceeded this ratio, they were evacuated from their camps and subsequently massacred. On 19 December 1915, Şükrü is noted to have said to German engineer Bastendorff the following:
The final solution is the termination of the Armenian race. Clashes that have continued between Armenians and Muslims all along have now reached their final stage. The weaker side will be destroyed.
He worked as a teacher in Buca Sultanisi (high school). After the Armistice of Mudros, he worked for the Turkish national movement. Following the occupation of Istanbul by The Entente powers, he was arrested by the British administration and was exiled to Malta. He escaped to the continent from Malta and subsequently went to Anatolia and joined the Turkish War of Independence.
In September 1925 he was a member of the Reform Council for the Reform of the East (Turkish: Şark İslahat Encümeni) which prepared the Report for Reform in the East (Turkish: Şark İslahat Raporu). In 1930 he was the author of the outlines of Turkification (Turkish: Türkleştirme Genelgesi). Non-Turkish languages should be suppressed and non-Turkish names of locations changed to Turkish ones.
Şükrü Kaya served as Minister of Agriculture, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Interior Minister in several cabinets between 1924 and 1938.
He died on 10 January 1959, in Istanbul.
- Dündar, Fuat (2010). Crime of numbers the role of statistics in the Armenian question (1878-1918). New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. pp. 113–4. ISBN 1412843413.
- Polatel, Mehmet (27 March 2015). "Social engineer: Şükrü Kaya". Agos.
- Üngör, Uğur Ümit (2008-09-23). "Geographies of Nationalism and Violence: Rethinking Young Turk 'Social Engineering'". European Journal of Turkish Studies. Social Sciences on Contemporary Turkey (7). doi:10.4000/ejts.2583. ISSN 1773-0546.
- Goner, Ozlem (14 June 2017). Turkish National Identity and Its Outsiders: Memories of State Violence in Dersim. Taylor & Francis. p. 52. ISBN 978-1-315-46296-7.
- Gunter, Michael M. (2018-08-06). Routledge Handbook on the Kurds. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-317-23798-3.
- Who is who database - Biography of Şükrü Kaya (in Turkish)
| Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey
November 21, 1924–March 4, 1925
Tevfik Rüştü Aras
Mehmet Cemil Uybadın
| Minister of Interior of Turkey
November 1, 1927–November 11, 1938