Fethi Okyar

  (Redirected from Ali Fethi Okyar)

Ali Fethi Okyar (29 April 1880 – 7 May 1943) was a Turkish diplomat and politician, who also served as a military officer and diplomat during the last decade of the Ottoman Empire. He was also the second Prime Minister of Turkey (1924–1925) and the second Speaker of the Turkish Parliament after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.

Ali Fethi Okyar
Ali fethi okyar prr.jpg
2nd Prime Minister of Turkey
In office
22 November 1924[1] – 3 March 1925[1]
PresidentMustafa Kemal Atatürk
Preceded byİsmet İnönü[2]
Succeeded byİsmet İnönü[3]
4th Prime Minister of the Government of the Grand National Assembly
In office
14 August 1923[4] – 27 October 1923[4]
Preceded byRauf Orbay[5]
Succeeded byİsmet İnönü[6] (As Prime Minister of Turkey)
3rd Speaker of the Grand National Assembly
In office
1 November 1923 – 22 November 1924
PresidentMustafa Kemal Atatürk
Prime Ministerİsmet İnönü
Preceded byMustafa Kemal Atatürk
Succeeded byKâzım Özalp
Member of the Grand National Assembly
In office
8 February 1935 – 7 May 1943
ConstituencyBolu (1935, 1939, 1943)
In office
28 June 1923 – 25 April 1931
ConstituencyIstanbul (1923)
Gümüşhane (1927)
Minister of Justice
In office
26 Mayıs 1939[7] – 12 Mart 1941[8]
Presidentİsmet İnönü
Prime MinisterRefik Saydam[7]
Preceded byTevfik Fikret Sılay[7]
Succeeded byHasan Menemencioğlu[7]
Minister of National Defense
In office
22 November 1924[1] – 3 March 1925[1]
Preceded byKâzım Fikri[2]
Succeeded byMehmet Recep[3]
Minister of the Interior of the Government of the Grand National Assembly
In office
5 November 1922 – 27 October 1923
Preceded byİsmail Safa Özler[4]
Succeeded byAhmet Ferit Tek[6]
In office
10 October 1921 – 9 July 1922
Preceded byRefet Bele[9]
Succeeded byİsmail Safa[4]
Minister of the Interior (Ottoman Empire)
In office
14 October 1918[10][11] – 8 November 1918[12]
First MinisterAhmet İzzet[10][11]
Preceded byMehmet Talaat (acting)[13]
Succeeded byMustafa Arif[14]
Personal details
Born
Ali Fethi

(1880-04-29)29 April 1880
Prilep, Manastir Vilayet, Ottoman Empire
Died7 May 1943(1943-05-07) (aged 63)
Istanbul, Turkey
Political partyRepublican People's Party (1923–1930)
Liberal Republican Party (1930)
Republican People's Party (1930–1943)
Military service
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Branch/service Ottoman Army
Years of service1898–1914
RankLieutenant colonel
Battles/warsItalo-Turkish War
Balkan Wars

BiographyEdit

He was born in the Ottoman town of Prilep in Manastir Vilayet (present-day North Macedonia) to a Circassian family.[15] In 1913, he joined the Committee of Union and Progress (İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti) and was elected as the secretary general. In 1924 he was appointed Prime Minister as the successor of İsmet Inönü. But only a few months later in March 1925 he was replaced again by Inönü as a more decisive policy was needed to suppress the Sheikh Said rebellion.[16] Following he was appointed the Turkish ambassador to France in Paris.[16] In 1930, he received the permission to establish the Serbest Cumhuriyet Fırkası (Liberal Republican Party), an early party of opposition.[17] However, when the government noticed the support of this opposition party among Islamists, it was declared illegal and closed down, a situation similar to that of the Progressive Republican Party, which had lasted for a few months in 1924. He later served as Justice Minister from 1939 to 1941.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Çay 2009, p. 11.
  2. ^ a b Çay 2009, p. 10.
  3. ^ a b Çay 2009, p. 13.
  4. ^ a b c d Çay 2009, p. 7.
  5. ^ Çay 2009, p. 6.
  6. ^ a b Çay 2009, p. 9.
  7. ^ a b c d Çay 2009, p. 24.
  8. ^ Çay 2009.
  9. ^ Çay 2009, p. 5.
  10. ^ a b Balkaya 2005, p. 74.
  11. ^ a b Güneş 2012, p. 216.
  12. ^ Balkaya 2005, p. 80.
  13. ^ Güneş 2012, p. 179.
  14. ^ Güneş 2012, p. 228.
  15. ^ Türkiye Kurtuluş Savaşı'nda Çerkes göçmenleri at Google Books
  16. ^ a b Üngör, Umut. "Young Turk social engineering : mass violence and the nation state in eastern Turkey, 1913- 1950" (PDF). University of Amsterdam. pp. 235–236. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
  17. ^ Weiker, Walter F. (1991). Heper, Metin; Landau, Jacob M. (eds.). Political Parties and Democracy in Turkey. I.B. Tauris. p. 84. ISBN 1-85043300-3.

BibliographyEdit

  • Balkaya, İhsan Sabri (2005). Ali Fethi Okyar (29 Nisan 1880-7 Mayıs 1943) (in Turkish) (I. ed.). Ankara: Turkish History Association. ISBN 9751617162.
  • Çay, Abdulhaluk Mehmet (2009). Başlangıçtan Bugüne Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Hükümetleri (PDF) (in Turkish). Künüçen, Hale. Ankara: Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Culture Portal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 May 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  • Güneş, İhsan (August 2012). Özmel Akın, Nur; Güven, Pınar (eds.). Meşrutiyet'ten Cumhuriyet'e Türkiye'de Hükümetler: Programları ve Meclisteki Yankıları (1908-1923) (in Turkish) (I. ed.). Istanbul: Turkey İş Bank Cultural Publications. ISBN 9786053606512.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Rauf Orbay
Prime Minister of Turkey
14 August 1923 – 23 October 1923
Succeeded by
İsmet İnönü
Preceded by
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Speaker of the Parliament of Turkey
1 November 1923 – 22 November 1924
Succeeded by
Kâzım Özalp
Preceded by
İsmet İnönü
Prime Minister of Turkey
22 November 1924 – 3 March 1925
Succeeded by
İsmet İnönü
Preceded by
Kâzım Özalp
Minister of National Defense
22 November 1924 – 3 March 1925
Succeeded by
Recep Peker
Preceded by
Tevfik Fikret Sılay
Minister of Justice
27 May 1939 – 13 March 1941
Succeeded by
Hasan Menemencioğlu