A with tilde (majuscule: Ã, minuscule: ã) is a letter of the Latin alphabet formed by addition of the tilde diacritic over the letter A. It is used in Portuguese, Guaraní, Kashubian,[2] Taa, Aromanian, and Vietnamese. In the past, it was also used in Greenlandic.

A with tilde
à ã
squiggly
Latin letter A with tilde.svg
Usage
Writing systemLatin script
Language of originPortuguese
Guaraní
Kashubian
Taa
Aromanian
Vietnamese
Greenlandic (obsolete)
Hindi[1]
Unicode codepointU+00C3, U+00E3
History
Development
  • Ã ã
Time period16th century to present
Variationssquiggly
Other
This article contains phonetic transcriptions in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA). For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. For the distinction between [ ], / / and ⟨ ⟩, see IPA § Brackets and transcription delimiters.

UsageEdit

In Portuguese, it represents a nasal near-open central vowel ([ɐ̃]), though it varies from near-open to mid-central vowel according to dialect. It also appers as a part of the diphthongs ãe, pronounced as /ɐ̃j̃/, and ão, pronounced as squiggly /ɐ̃w̃/.

In Kashubian, the letter is generally pronounced as nasalized open front unrounded vowel ([ã]). In the dialect present in counties of Puck and Wejherowo, it is pronounced as nasalized open-mid front unrounded vowel ([ɛ̃]). Its the 3rd letter of the Kashubian alphabet.[2]

In Guaraní and Taa, it is pronounced as nasalized open front unrounded vowel ([ã]).

In Aromanian, it is pronounced as mid-central vowel ([ə]) or close central unrounded vowel ([ɨ]).

In Vietnamese, it is pronounced as long open front unrounded vowel ([aː]) in a high breaking-rising tone.

It is also used as a phonetic symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet, where its lower case (ã), represents the nasalized open front unrounded vowel.

Formerly, the letter was also used in the Greenlandic to represent long open front unrounded vowel ([aː]) next to a geminated consonant, but now it is replaced with Aa.

The letter is also used in Belter Creole, a constructed language made by Nick Farmer for The Expanse television sci-fi series. In the language, it represents the nasalized near-open front unrounded vowel ([æ̃]) sound, for example in the word shãsa, which means chance.

EncodingEdit

Character information
Preview à ã
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A WITH TILDE LATIN SMALL LETTER A WITH TILDE
Encodings decimal hex dec hex
Unicode 195 U+00C3 227 U+00E3
UTF-8 195 131 C3 83 195 163 C3 A3
Numeric character reference à à ã ã
Named character reference à ã
EBCDIC family 102 66 70 46
ISO 8859-1/4/9/10/14/15 195 C3 227 E3

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Hindi alphabet, pronunciation and language".
  2. ^ a b Ùchwôlënk nr 7/RKJ/10 z dnia 06.07.2010 r. w sprawie szëkù kaszëbsczégò abécadła, Biuletin Radzëznë Kaszëbsczégò Jãzëka. 2010, p. 115.