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Zhu Shuang (Chinese: 朱樉; December 3, 1356 – April 9, 1395), Prince Min of Qin (秦愍王), was an imperial prince of the Chinese Ming dynasty. He was the second son of the Hongwu Emperor, the founder of Ming. In May 1370, Hongwu Emperor granted the title of Prince of Qin to Zhu Shuang, with a princely estate in Xi'an.

Zhu Shuang
Prince of Qin
Prince of Qin
Tenure1370 - 1395
(fief taken in 1378)
SuccessorZhu Shangbing, Prince Yin
Born(1356-12-03)3 December 1356
Died9 April 1395(1395-04-09) (aged 38)
Princess Consort
  • Wang Guanyinnu (Primary)
  • Lady Deng (鄧妃) (Secondary)
  • Zhu Shangbing, Prince Yin of Qin
  • Zhu Shanglie, Comm. Prince Yijian of Yongxing
  • Zhu Shangyu, Comm. Prince Daoxi of Bao'an
  • Zhu Shangzhou, Comm. Prince Gongjing of Xingping
  • Zhu Shanghong, Comm. Prince of Yongshou
  • Zhu Shangkai
  • Comm. Princess Pucheng
  • Comm. Princess Chang'an
Full name
Family name: Zhu (朱)
Given name: Shuang (樉)
Posthumous name
Prince Min of Qin (秦愍王)
HouseHouse of Zhu
FatherHongwu Emperor
MotherEmpress Xiao Ci Gao (disputed)


  1. Wang Guangyinnu (王觀音奴), the primary consort, younger sister of Köke Temür
    1. Zhu Shangbing (朱尚炳; 25 November 1380 - 21 April 1412), Prince Yin of Qin, first son
    2. Zhu Shanglie (朱尚烈; 29 September 1384 - 22 February 1417), Comm. Prince Yijian of Yongxing, second son
    3. Zhu Shangyu (朱尚煜; 20 November 1385 - 25 February 1410), Comm. Prince Daoxi of Bao'an, third son
  2. Lady Deng, the secondary consort, daughter of Deng Yu (鄧愈)
    1. Zhu Shangzhou (朱尚烐; 19 October 1389 - 15 May 1449), Comm. Prince Gongjing of Xingping, fourth son
    2. Zhu Shanghong (朱尚灴; 17 April 1390 - 19 September 1420), Comm. Prince of Yongshou. fifth son
    3. Zhu Shangkai (朱尚炌; b. 4 December 1394), initially the Comm. Prince of Anding, later demoted to a commoner, sixth son
  3. Unknown
    1. Comm. Princess Pucheng (蒲城郡主)
    2. Comm. Princess Chang'an (長安郡主)


  • Langlois, John D., Jr. "The Hung-wu reign, 1368–1398". In Mote, Frederick W.; Twitchett, Denis (eds.). The Cambridge History of China, Volume 7: The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, Part I. Cambridge University Press. pp. 107–181. ISBN 978-0-521-24332-2.