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Zhu Benli (Chinese: 朱本鉝) or Dingwu Emperor (Chinese: 定武帝) is claimed to be the last emperor of Southern Ming. He inherited the title Prince of Han (韓王). His identity and existence however is of some dispute, and Zhu Youlang is generally taken to be the last emperor of Southern Ming.
His original name was Zhu Danji, and he inherited his father's title of Prince of Han in 1611. During a military campaign against the rebel leader Li Zicheng (李自成) in Pingliang, Gansu in 1643, he was captured, but he was soon released. Li Zicheng then occupied and plundered the capital Beijing, the central government disintegrated, and the reigning Chongzhen Emperor committed suicide.
- "Zhu Benli 朱本鉝, Prince of Han 韓王, the Dingwu Emperor 定武 (www.chinaknowledge.de)". www.chinaknowledge.de. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
- "Persons in Chinese History - Zhu Benli 朱本鉝, Prince of Han 韓王, the Dingwu Emperor 定武". China Knowledge.
- Michael Dillon, ed. (December 2016). Encyclopedia of Chinese History. Routledge. p. 645. ISBN 9781317817161.
- Mandaville, Michael (1 August 2008). Stealing Thunder. Dog Ear Publishing. ISBN 9781598585353. Retrieved 19 December 2018 – via Google Books.