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The Zhongwei (Chung-wei) is a breed of goat from the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Gansu Province of China. It lives on arid desert steppes, and is adapted to a diet of salty and sandy plants and shrubs. It is used primarily for the production of kid pelts,[1] and secondarily for cashmere fiber.[2] The breed has low genetic variability, likely due to the historic selection of pelt production traits. It is closely related to the Funiu White, Hexi Cashmere, Luliang Black, and Taihang breeds.[3]

Zhongwei
Other names Chung-wei, Chzhun'veiskaya
Country of origin China
Distribution Ningxia
Use Fiber, Pelt
Traits
Weight
  • Male: 39 kg
  • Female: 24.5 kg
Horn status Horned
  • Goat
  • Capra aegagrus hircus

Males weigh 39 kg on average, and females weigh 24.5 kg on average. Both males and females grow spiral horns.[2] The fur color is white, and occasionally black.[4]

Contents

UsesEdit

PeltsEdit

Kids are killed when they are 35 days old for their white, curly pelts.[1] Zhongwei reach sexual maturity at 5–6 months of age, and are typically mated at 18 months of age with a kidding percentage of 104-106%.[2]

CashmereEdit

Although they are mainly used for kid pelts, Zhongwei can be used for cashmere production. Males grow 140 g of cashmere on average and females grow 120 g on average, at a cashmere percentage of 25%, length of 7.0 cm and 12.5 microns.[2] The quality of fur produced has declined, however, due to degradation of the land they graze on.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Zheng, Piliu (1985). "Livestock Breeds of China" (PDF). FAO Animal Production and Health Paper.
  2. ^ a b c d "Breeds of Livestock - Zhongwei Goats — Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science". www.ansi.okstate.edu. Retrieved 2017-02-09.
  3. ^ Du, Xiaoyong; Cao, Jianhua; Han, Xu; Hao, Huaizhi; Yu, Mei; Zhang, Guixiang; Zhao, Shuhong. "Genetic diversity and population structure among eight Chinese indigenous goat breeds in the Yellow River valley". Small Ruminant Research. doi:10.1016/j.smallrumres.2016.12.034.
  4. ^ Porter, Valerie; Alderson, Lawrence; Hall, Stephen J. G.; Sponenberg, D. Phillip (2016-03-09). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding, 2 Volume Pack. CABI. ISBN 9781845934668.
  5. ^ Shang, Zhan-Huan. "Biodiversity in the Core Habitat of Zhongwei Goat in Ningxia". The Project of the National Natural Foundation of China – via Scienepaper Online.