Zafra M. Lerman
Zafra M. Lerman is an American chemist, educator, and humanitarian. She is the President of the Malta Conferences Foundation, which aims to promote peace by bringing together scientists from otherwise hostile countries to discuss science and foster international scientific and technical collaboration. From 1986 to 2010, she chaired the American Chemical Society's Subcommittee on Scientific Freedom and Human Rights. She has been successful in preventing executions, releasing prisoners of conscience from jail and bringing dissidents to freedom. She is the recipient of many awards for education and science diplomacy, including the 1999 Presidential Award from U.S. President Clinton, the 2005 Nyholm Prize for Education from the Royal Society of Chemistry (England), the 2015 Science Diplomacy Award from the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the 2016 Andrei Sakharov Award for human rights from the American Physical Society (APS), and the 2016 United Nations NOVUS Award for the 16th Sustainable Development Goal: Peace and Justice.
Zafra M. Lerman
Haifa, British Mandate of Palestine (now Israel)
|Alma mater||Ph.D (Chemistry, 1969) Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel|
M.Sc. (Chemistry, 1964) Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
B.Sc. (Chemistry, 1960) Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
|Known for||Science diplomacy, Human rights activism, Science education that bridges art and science,|
|Awards||Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring (1999)|
AAAS Award for Science Diplomacy (2015)
José Vasconcelos World Award of Education (2000)
|Fields||Chemistry, Science education, Human rights, Science diplomacy|
|Institutions||Malta Conferences Foundation|
|Doctoral advisor||David Samuel|
Lerman received a Ph.D. in Chemistry from the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel. She conducted research on isotope effects at the Weizmann Institute of Science, Cornell University and Northwestern University in the US, and the ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
Science education and the artsEdit
Lerman used the arts to help teach science at all levels. In 1977, she became the first science faculty member at Columbia College Chicago, an institution of higher education specializing in arts and media disciplines. In 1981, she founded the Department of Science and Mathematics there and served as department Chair through 1991. In 1991, she founded the Institute for Science Education and Science Communication (also known as the 'Science Institute") at Columbia College and served as its head until 2009. Since 1991 she was a Distinguished Professor of Science and Public Policy.
Part of her teaching philosophy is captured in this quote, from a 2011 lecture entitled "Creativity in 3D: "Drawing, Dance, and Drama": "Students remember and understand abstract concepts best by producing their own artistic projects and using their own (sometimes hidden) creativity. Through this process, students are active learners, and utilize both their left and right brain, instead of being just passive observers."
In addition to developing innovative methods of teaching science through the arts, Lerman started using science to promote peace and human rights around the globe. In 1986 she was named Chair of the American Chemical Society's Subcommittee on Scientific Freedom and Human Rights. Among other activities, this group's mission included helping scientists who, for political reasons, were jailed, abused, and sentenced to execution. She held that position for 25 years.
Starting in 2001, Lerman began working to develop a scientific conference that would bring together researchers from many different, often mutually hostile, nations in the Middle East so they could cooperatively work toward solving problems facing the region. With support from the American Chemical Society (ACS), International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC - England), and the Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, the first conference was held on the island of Malta from December 6 to 11, 2003. Attendees included six Nobel Laureates and scientists from 15 Middle Eastern Countries (Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Palestinian Authority, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, and United Arab Emirates). The conference included workshops to foster cross-border collaborations on air and water quality, science education for all, and green energy.
The organizers followed up by hosting a second meeting two years later, Malta II.
Lerman led the initiative to continue with the conferences and founded the Malta Conferences Foundation to support them. She secured the support of UNESCO, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.
List of Malta Conferences
|2007||Malta III||Istanbul, Turkey|
|2009||Malta IV||Amman, Jordan|
|2011||Malta V||Paris, France|
|2015||Malta VII||Rabat, Morocco|
Notable awards and honorsEdit
|1964||Temperature dependence of the secondary isotope effect in aqueous alkaline ester hydrolysis.||Halevi, E. A.||Proc. Chem. Soc., London (1964), p. 174.|
|2003||ACS Delegation Travels to Cuba||Hofman, M.||The Chemical Bulletin, 90, 4, 8, American Chemical Society, 2003|
|2003||From the Outreach Front! IAC Conference in Cuba||Lerman, Zafra M.||J. Chem. Educ., 80 (4), 383, 2003.|
|2003||Citizen Chemists (book review of Claude, R. P.: Science in the Service of Human Rights).||Lerman, Zafra M.||Chemical and Engineering News, 87 (21), 42-43, 2003|
|2003||Using the Arts to Make Chemistry Accessible to Everybody||Lerman, Zafra M.||Journal of Chemical Education (2003), vol. 80 (11), pp 1234-1243|
|2005||Chemistry: An Inspiration for Theater and Dance||Lerman, Zafra M.||Chemical Education International (2005) vol. 6, p.1|
|2006||Frontiers of Chemical Sciences II: Research and Education in the Middle East||Lerman, Zafra M.||Chemistry in Israel - Bulletin of the Israel Chemical Society, (2006) vol. 21, pp. 21–23|
|2009||Chemistry and chemical education as a bridge to peace||Lerman, Zafra M.||In Chemistry Education in the ICT Age, Gupta-Bhowon, M.; Jhaumeer-Laulloo, S.; Li Kam Wah, H.; Ramasami, P. (Eds.)|
|2013||Human Rights, Education, and Peace: A Personal Odyssey||Lerman, Zafra M.||Journal of Chemical Education (2013), vol. 90 (1), pp 5–9|
|2014||The Malta Conferences, Frontiers of Science: Research and Education in the Middle East||Lerman, Zafra M.||Forum on International Physics. American Physical Society. pp 19– 21. 2014.|
|2014||Research and Education in the Middle East||Lerman, Zafra M.||Chemistry International.(36)3. pp 6, 27- 29. 2014.|
|2014||The Challenges for Chemistry Education in Africa||Lerman, Zafra M.||African Journal of Chemical Education (AJCE),4 (2), pp 80–90. 2014.|
|2015||Science Offers A Whole New Diplomacy||Lerman, Zafra M.||TWAS Newsletter, Vol. 27 No. 1, 2015, p. 23|
|2015||From Fighting for Human Rights to Building a Bridge to Peace: A Scientist’s Role and Responsibility||Lerman, Zafra M.||Science & Diplomacy (AAAS), 4 (1), pp 1–7. 2015.|
|2015||The Malta Conferences: Fostering International Scientific Collaborations Toward Peace in the Middle East.||Hoffman, Morton Z Lerman,
|Jobs, Collaborations, and Women Leaders in the Global Chemistry Enterprise; Wu, M.L.; Cheng, H.N.; Miller, B., Eds., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC|
|2015||From Building Roads To Building Peace: A Woman Chemist’s Odyssey.||Lerman, Zafra M.||Jobs, Collaborations, and Women Leaders in the Global Chemistry Enterprise; Wu, M.L.; Cheng, H.N.; Miller, B., Eds., American Chemical Society, Washington, DC|
|2018||A Chain Reaction for Peace.||Lerman, Z.M., Margolin, B.||Guest editorial in Chemistry and Engineering News. 2018, 96 (4), pp. 2.|
|2018||Resolution on the Water Crisis in Gaza||Lerman, Z.M.||Chemistry International, 2018 (40), 2, 32.|
|2018||Education, Human Rights, and Peace –
Contributions to the Progress of Humanity
|Zafra Margolin Lerman||Pure and Applied Chemistry, 91(2), pp. 351–360.|
- "Malta Conferences Foundation website". maltaconferencesfoundation.org.
- In 2010, this Subcommittee was dissolved and its activities were absorbed into the other Subcommittees of the ACS' Committee on International Activities
- Wang, Linda (August 24, 2009). "Human Rights And Science". Chemical & Engineering News. 84 (34): 28–29. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Lerman, Zafra (September 6, 2012). "Human Rights, Education, and Peace: A Personal Odyssey". Journal of Chemical Education. 90 (1): 5–9. doi:10.1021/ed101063s.
- "Presidential Awards for Excellence in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Mentoring (PAESMEM) - Award Abstract #9908481". National Science Foundation (United States). National Science Foundation (United States). Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Nyholm Prize for Education Previous Winners". Royal Society of Chemistry (UK). Royal Society of Chemistry (UK). Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- Pinholster, Ginger. "Zafra M. Lerman Receives 2014 AAAS Award for Science Diplomacy - The award honors Lerman for promoting multinational scientific cooperation in the Middle East". American Association for the Advancement of Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "2016 Andrei Sakharov Prize Recipient: Zafra Lerman, Malta Conferences Foundation". American Physical Society. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- "Zafra M. Lerman (Scientist) - NOVUS Award Ceremony, NOVUS Summit 2016". United Nations Web TV. Retrieved 2020-11-14.
- The Graduates: 50 Years of Excellence at the Feinberg Graduate School (PDF). Rehovot, Israel: Weizmann Institute of Science Alumni Organization. 2008. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- Lerman, Zafra (1969). Ph.D. Thesis: Isotope Research (PDF). Rehovot, Israel: Weizmann Institute of Science. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
- Margolin, Zafra; Samuel, D. (1970). "Carbon and oxygen isotope effects in the decarbonylation of benzoylformic acid in concentrated sulphuric acid". Journal of the Chemical Society D: Chemical Communications. 1970 (13): 802–803. doi:10.1039/C29700000802.
- Olmstead, William N.; Margolin, Zafra; Bordwell, Frederick G. (August 1980). "Acidities of water and simple alcohols in dimethyl sulfoxide solution". Journal of Organic Chemistry. 45 (16): 3295–3299. doi:10.1021/jo01304a032.
- Lerman, Zafra (November 1, 2003). "Using the Arts To Make Chemistry Accessible to Everybody. 2002 James Flack Norris Award, sponsored by ACS Northeast Section" (v.80 i.11). American Chemical Society. Chemical & Engineering News. doi:10.1021/ed080p1234.
- Lerman, Zafra (February 1986). "Chemistry for art and communication students". Journal of Chemical Education. 63 (2): 142–143. Bibcode:1986JChEd..63..142L. doi:10.1021/ed063p142.
- Daley, Maraget (March 9, 1979). "Silverstein resigns as life 'arts chair alter 3 1/2 years" (6). Columbia College, Chicago. Columbia Chronicle. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Abdelaziz, Fatma (March 20, 1981). "Columbia adds Science department". Columbia College. The Columbia Chronicle. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Rodriguez, Elizabeth (February 17, 1992). "College president faces final term - A Chronicle exclusivi: An interview with Mike Alexandroff". Columbia College, Chicago. The Columbia Chronicle. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- "2011 ICIE Conference" (PDF). icieworld.net.
- "Columbia People". Columbia College, Chicago. Columbia College Alumni News. Spring 1995. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Freemantle, Michael (December 15, 2003). "Middle Easterners Meet in Malta - Chemistry symposium aims to forge scientific links in a troubled region" (v.81 i.50). American Chemical Society. Chemical & Engineering News. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Freemantle, Michael (January 12, 2004). "Rendezvous in the Mediterranean: Chemistry symposium in Malta promotes cooperation in troubled Middle East" (v80 i02). American Chemical Society. Chemistry and Engineering News. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Ritter, Stephen K. (November 10, 2005). "Science For Peace In The Middle East: Malta conference aims to strengthen scientific ties in troubled region" (v.83 i.46). American Chemical Society. Chemical & Engineering News. p. 15. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Durbin, Richard (May 12, 2004). "Chemists Working Cooperatively". United States Congressional Record. 150 (66): S5368–S5369.
- Everts, Sarah (January 28, 2008). "Middle East Connections Conference uses science to build bridges in the region" (v.86 i.04). American Chemical Society. Chemical & Engineering News. pp. 59–61. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
- Wu, Marinda (December 9, 2013). "Promoting World Peace Through Science Diplomacy" (v.91 i.49). American Chemical Society. Chemical & Engineering News. p. 38. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- Hoffman, Roald (December 9, 2013). "Maltese Reflections" (v.91 i.49). American Chemical Society. Chemical & Engineering News. p. 5. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- Nelson, Donna (December 7, 2015). "Building Relationships, Building Trust" (v.93 i.48). American Chemical Society. Chemical & Engineering News. p. 45. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Prof. Zafra M. Lerman". World Cultural Council. 1 November 2000. Retrieved 9 June 2016.
- Jce Staff (December 2000). "José Vasconcelos World Award". Journal of Chemical Education. 77 (12): 1552. doi:10.1021/ed077p1552.
- "List of AAAS Fellows". aaas.org.
- "Welcome to NESACS - Awards - James Flack Norris Award Recipients". www.nesacs.org.
- "Charles Lathrop Parsons Award - American Chemical Society". American Chemical Society.
- "New York Academy of Sciences page for the Pagels Human Rights Award". nyas.org.
- "2005 AAAS Report on Science and Human Rights" (PDF). aaas.org.
- "Chemistry International -- Newsmagazine for IUPAC". www.iupac.org.
- "George C. Pimentel Award in Chemical Education - American Chemical Society". American Chemical Society.
- "2010 ACS Fellows - American Chemical Society". American Chemical Society.
- Schakowsky, Janice D. (February 14, 2013). "Science Diplomacy in the Middle East". United States Congressional Record. 159 (24): E156–E157.
- Oslo (PRIO), Peace Pesearch Institute. "PRIO Director's Shortlist 2019 - PRIO". www.prio.org. Retrieved 2019-09-12.