Zólyom County

Zólyom county (in Latin: comitatus Zoliensis, in Hungarian Zólyom (vár)megye, in Slovak Zvolenský komitát/ Zvolenská stolica/ Zvolenská župa, in German Sohler Gespanschaft/Komitat Sohl) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Slovakia.

Zólyom County
Comitatus Zoliensis (Latin)
Zólyom vármegye (Hungarian)
Komitat Sohl (German)
Zvolenská župa (Slovak)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
14th century–1920
Coat of arms of Zólyom
Coat of arms
Zolyom.png
CapitalBesztercebánya
Area
 • Coordinates48°44′N 19°9′E / 48.733°N 19.150°E / 48.733; 19.150Coordinates: 48°44′N 19°9′E / 48.733°N 19.150°E / 48.733; 19.150
 
• 1910
2,634 km2 (1,017 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
133653
History
History 
• Established
14th century
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
Today part ofSlovakia
Banská Bystrica is the current name of the capital.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Zólyom, 1891.
 
Former county of Zólyom superimposed on map of contemporary Slovakia.

Zólyom county shared borders with the counties of Bars, Turóc, Liptó, Gömör-Kishont, Nógrád and Hont. The county's territory was situated along the central Garam river, approximately between (excluding) Korpona and (including) Breznóbánya. Its area was 2634 km2 around 1910. The county was characterised by extensive mining activities.

CapitalsEdit

The capital of the county was the castle of Pusztavár near Zólyom, then from the late 15th century the Zvolen Castle (Hungarian: Zólyomi vár) and from the 1760s the town of Besztercebánya.

HistoryEdit

Zólyom county arose as a Hungarian comitatus in the 14th century, when most parts of the territory were conquered by the Kingdom of Hungary, from a huge royal property (the Vetusolium dominium). Initially, it comprised with a territory of the latter separated Árva, Turóc and Liptó counties.

In the aftermath of World War I, Zólyom county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon. The Zvolen county (Zvolenská župa) continued to exist until 1927, but it had completely different powers etc. and somewhat different borders. During the existence of the newly created Slovak State (1939-1945), Hron county (Pohronská župa) was created in 1940, whose territory roughly corresponded to that of the Zvolen county. The capital was Banská Bystrica.

Together with the Slovak parts of Hont and Gömör, it became part of the Banská Bystrica Region (Banskobystrický kraj) created in 1948. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and the Zvolen county became part of Slovakia.

DemographicsEdit

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).
Population by mother tongue[a]
Census Total Slovak Hungarian German Other or unknown
1880[1] 102,500 92,621 (93.50%) 2,664 (2.69%) 3,007 (3.04%) 769 (0.78%)
1890[2] 112,413 103,648 (92.20%) 4,549 (4.05%) 3,268 (2.91%) 948 (0.84%)
1900[3] 124,420 111,050 (89.25%) 9,078 (7.30%) 2,945 (2.37%) 1,347 (1.08%)
1910[4] 133,653 113,294 (84.77%) 16,509 (12.35%) 2,124 (1.59%) 1,726 (1.29%)
Population by religion[b]
Census Total Roman Catholic Lutheran Jewish Other or unknown
1880 102,500 64,086 (62.52%) 36,275 (35.39%) 1,942 (1.89%) 197 (0.19%)
1890 112,413 71,637 (63.73%) 38,067 (33.86%) 2,422 (2.15%) 287 (0.26%)
1900 124,420 80,194 (64.45%) 40,837 (32.82%) 2,862 (2.30%) 527 (0.42%)
1910 133,653 87,036 (65.12%) 42,405 (31.73%) 3,080 (2.30%) 1,132 (0.85%)

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Zólyom county were:

Districts
District Capital
  Besztercebánya Besztercebánya (now Banská Bystrica)
  Breznóbánya Breznóbánya (now Brezno)
  Nagyszalatna Nagyszalatna (now Zvolenská Slatina)
  Zólyom Zólyom (now Zvolen)
  Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Besztercebánya (now Banská Bystrica)
Breznóbánya (now Brezno)
Zólyom (now Zvolen)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Only linguistic communities > 1% are displayed.
  2. ^ Only religious communities > 1% are displayed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Az 1881. év elején végrehajtott népszámlálás főbb eredményei megyék és községek szerint rendezve, II. kötet (1882)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  2. ^ "A Magyar Korona országainak helységnévtára (1892)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  3. ^ "A MAGYAR KORONA ORSZÁGAINAK 1900". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.