Hont County[a] was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Most of its territory is now part of Slovakia, while a smaller southern portion is part of Hungary.

Hont County
Comitatus Hontiensis (Latin)
Hont vármegye (Hungarian)
Komitat Hont (German)
Hontianska župa (Slovak)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1923
Coat of arms of Hont
Coat of arms
Hont.png
CapitalHont; Németi (1619-1629); Korpona; Kemence; Ipolyság (1806-1920); Nagymaros (1920-1923)
Area
 • Coordinates48°4′N 18°57′E / 48.067°N 18.950°E / 48.067; 18.950Coordinates: 48°4′N 18°57′E / 48.067°N 18.950°E / 48.067; 18.950
 
• 1910
2,633 km2 (1,017 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
132441
History
History 
• Established
11th century
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
• Merged into Nógrád-Hont County
1923
Today part ofSlovakia
(2,171 km2)
Hungary
(462 km2)
Šahy is the current name of the capital.

Today, in Slovakia Hont is the informal designation of the corresponding territory and an official tourist region.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Hont, 1891.
 
Map of the Hont county, 1782–1785

Hont county shared borders with the counties Bars, Zólyom, Nógrád, Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun and Esztergom. It was situated between Selmecbánya and the Danube river, but the territory around the town of Korpona was added only at the end of the 19th century. The rivers Korpona and Ipoly were the central rivers that flowed through the county. Its area was 2633 km2 around 1910.

CapitalsEdit

The capitals of the county were the Hont Castle together with Hídvég (present-day Ipeľské Predmostie), then from the 16th century onwards there was no permanent capital, and finally since early 19th century, the capital was Ipolyság (present-day Šahy).

HistoryEdit

The county arose in the 11th century by separation from the Nógrád county. Around the year 1300, the territory of Kishont was added to the territory of the county, but received a special status.

From 1552 to 1685, most of the county was part of the Ottoman Empire and belonged to the administrative unit called Nógrád sandjak.

Changes to the northern border of the county were performed in 1802 (Kishont became part of the Gömör-Kishont county) and then in the late 19th century (above all Korpona was added to the territory).

In the aftermath of World War I, most of Hont county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia, as recognized by the concerned states in 1920 by the Treaty of Trianon. A small part of the county situated south-east of the river Ipoly/Ipeľ, stayed in Hungary.

In Czechoslovakia, the county continued to exist as the Hont county (Hontianska župa). In 1923, it became part of the Zvolen county. he Hungarian part of Hont merged with the Hungarian part of Nógrád county to form Nógrád-Hont county in 1923.

In 1928, it became part of the newly created Slovak Land (Slovenská krajina/zem). After the First Vienna Award, between 1938 and 1945 it was united with the redeemed parts of former Bars and Hont counties to form Bars-Hont county with the capital of Léva. The remaining northern part became part of the newly created Hron county (1940–1945) of Slovakia. After World War II, the Trianon borders were restored, Nógrád-Hont County was formed on her remnants in Hungary. In 1949, the Czechoslovak part became part of the newly created Nitra region and Banská Bystrica region of Czechoslovakia, while the Hungarian part was eventually merged into newly formed Pest County in 1950. In 1960, the Czechoslovak became part of the newly created Western Slovak region and Central Slovak region. In 1993, Czechoslovakia was split and in 1996 its territory became part of the newly created Nitra region and Banská Bystrica region of Slovakia.

DemographicsEdit

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description).
Population by mother tongue[b]
Census Total Hungarian Slovak German Other or unknown
1880[1] 116,080 49,170 (43.83%) 54,484 (48.56%) 7,952 (7.09%) 590 (0.53%)
1890[2] 123,023 58,155 (47.27%) 56,529 (45.95%) 7,602 (6.18%) 737 (0.60%)
1900[3] 130,734 65,522 (50.12%) 57,315 (43.84%) 7,051 (5.39%) 846 (0.65%)
1910[4] 132,441 73,215 (55.28%) 51,522 (38.90%) 6,417 (4.85%) 1,287 (0.97%)
Population by religion[c]
Census Total Roman Catholic Lutheran Calvinist Jewish Other or unknown
1880 116,080 79,044 (68.09%) 26,397 (22.74%) 7,565 (6.52%) 2,908 (2.51%) 166 (0.14%)
1890 123,023 84,983 (69.08%) 26,892 (21.86%) 7,813 (6.35%) 3,199 (2.60%) 136 (0.11%)
1900 130,734 91,965 (70.35%) 26,845 (20.53%) 8,437 (6.45%) 3,305 (2.53%) 182 (0.14%)
1910 132,441 94,896 (71.65%) 25,785 (19.47%) 8,339 (6.30%) 3,180 (2.40%) 241 (0.18%)

SubdivisionsEdit

Until 1802, the county consisted of 3 processuses (in Slovak slúžnovské okresy; a type of districts led by "iudices nobilium") plus the Kishont district. In 1802, when Kishont was removed, the county was divided in four new processus.

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Hont county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Bát Bát (now Bátovce)
  Ipolynyék Ipolynyék (now Vinica)
  Ipolyság Ipolyság (now Šahy)
  Korpona Korpona (now Krupina)
  Szob Szob
Vámosmikola (from 1907) Vámosmikola
  Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Selmec- és Bélabánya (now Banská Štiavnica and Banská Belá)
  Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Korpona (now Krupina)

The towns of Vámosmikola and Szob are now in Hungary.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hungarian: Hont vármegye, Honth; Latin: Comitatus Hontiensis, Honthum; German: Komitat Hont; Slovak: Hontianska župa
  2. ^ Only linguistic communities > 1% are displayed.
  3. ^ Only religious communities > 1% are displayed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Az 1881. év elején végrehajtott népszámlálás főbb eredményei megyék és községek szerint rendezve, II. kötet (1882)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  2. ^ "A Magyar Korona országainak helységnévtára (1892)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  3. ^ "A MAGYAR KORONA ORSZÁGAINAK 1900". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.