|see § List of discovered minor planets|
Yoshiaki Oshima (大島 良明 Ōshima Yoshiaki) (born 1952) is a Japanese astronomer at Gekko Observatory and prolific discoverer of 61 asteroids as credited by the Minor Planet Center, and include the binary asteroid 4383 Suruga, the potentially hazardous object (7753) 1988 XB and the Jupiter trojan (4715) 1989 TS1.
International asteroid monitoring projectEdit
Japan Spaceguard Association (JSGA) is keen to have astronomical education for young people and held Spaceguard Private Investigator of the Stars— the fugitives are asteroids! program in 2001. Yoshiaki Oshima participated as one of the committee member. JSGA submitted a paper on that project in a proceedings, with Oshima as a contributor.[Notes 1]
JSGA held an astronomical education program as part of their International Asteroid Monitoring Project, that collaborated with the British Council and its International Schools' Observatory (ISO) program which had involved 12 teams of junior high to senior high school classes from Asian and European countries.[Notes 2]
The Private Investigator of Stars was co-sponsored by the British Council which advised the International Asteroid Monitoring Project by coordinating observatory in the Canary islands and participating laboratories for ISO. Yomiuri Shinbun newspaper held an asteroid hunting contest for the JSGA and run articles on their pages. 438 school classes and other teams signed up with 1,317 indibivisuals, and 133 teams reported the results of their observation.
JSGA based its project headquarters in its observatory called Bisei Spaceguard Center, owned by the Japan Space Forum. An optical telescope on the Canary island has been operated by the staff of Astrophysics Research Institute at John Moore University in Liverpool, and images were transmitted to each classroom via internet connection.[Notes 3]
List of discovered minor planetsEdit
In 1988, Oshima discovered (7753) 1988 XB, a near-Earth object and potentially hazardous asteroid that approaches the orbit of Earth as close as 2.5 lunar distances. He also discovered (4715) 1989 TS1, a 64-kilometer sized Jupiter trojan in 1989. By the end of the same year, he discovered 4383 Suruga a binary with a minor-planet moon. All discoveries he made at the Gekko Observatory (see table below).
|3843 OISCA||28 February 1987||list|
|4157 Izu||11 December 1988||list|
|4261 Gekko||28 January 1989||list|
|4293 Masumi||1 November 1989||list|
|4383 Suruga||1 December 1989||list|
|4403 Kuniharu||2 March 1987||list|
|(4715) 1989 TS1||9 October 1989||list|
|4840 Otaynang||23 October 1989||list|
|(5123) 1989 BL||28 January 1989||list|
|5206 Kodomonomori||7 March 1988||list|
|(5258) 1989 AU1||1 January 1989||list|
|5282 Yamatotakeru||2 November 1988||list|
|(5353) 1989 YT||20 December 1989||list|
|5397 Vojislava||14 November 1988||list|
|5730 Yonosuke||13 October 1988||list|
|5740 Toutoumi||29 November 1989||list|
|(5810) 1988 EN||10 March 1988||list|
|(6903) 1989 XM||2 December 1989||list|
|(7284) 1989 VW||4 November 1989||list|
|(7569) 1989 BK||28 January 1989||list|
|(7753) 1988 XB||5 December 1988||list|
|(8008) 1988 TQ4||10 October 1988||list|
|(8157) 1988 XG2||15 December 1988||list|
|(8349) 1988 DH1||19 February 1988||list|
|(9174) 1989 WC3||27 November 1989||list|
|(9314) 1988 DJ1||19 February 1988||list|
|(9320) 1988 VN3||11 November 1988||list|
|(9940) 1988 VM3||11 November 1988||list|
|(10065) 1988 XK||3 December 1988||list|
|(10299) 1988 VS3||13 November 1988||list|
|(10751) 1989 UV1||29 October 1989||list|
|(11034) 1988 TG||9 October 1988||list|
|(11035) 1988 VQ3||12 November 1988||list|
|(11862) 1988 XB2||7 December 1988||list|
|(12251) 1988 TO1||9 October 1988||list|
|(12693) 1989 EZ||9 March 1989||list|
|13934 Kannami||11 December 1988||list|
|14843 Tanna||12 November 1988||list|
|(14860) 1989 WD3||27 November 1989||list|
|(15243) 1989 TU1||9 October 1989||list|
|(16426) 1988 EC||7 March 1988||list|
|(16434) 1988 VO3||11 November 1988||list|
|(16436) 1988 XL||3 December 1988||list|
|(16458) 1989 WZ2||21 November 1989||list|
|(17426) 1989 CS1||5 February 1989||list|
|(18346) 1989 WG||20 November 1989||list|
|(19134) 1988 TQ1||15 October 1988||list|
|(21018) 1988 VV1||2 November 1988||list|
|(21021) 1988 XL2||7 December 1988||list|
|(21034) 1989 WB3||25 November 1989||list|
|(26099) 1989 WH||20 November 1989||list|
|(27715) 1989 CR1||5 February 1989||list|
|(27721) 1989 WJ||20 November 1989||list|
|(30794) 1988 TR1||15 October 1988||list|
|(32785) 1989 CU1||10 February 1989||list|
|(32795) 1989 WA3||21 November 1989||list|
|(35074) 1989 UF1||25 October 1989||list|
|(37569) 1989 UG||23 October 1989||list|
|(37570) 1989 UD1||25 October 1989||list|
|(37571) 1989 UE1||25 October 1989||list|
|(69274) 1989 UZ1||29 October 1989||list|
- Isobe, S., Atsuo, A., Asher, D., Fuse, T., Hashimoto, N., Nakano, S., K. Nishiyama, Yoshiaki Oshima, Noritsugu Takahashi, J. Terazono, H. Umehara, Takeshi Urata, Makoto Yoshikawa. "Educational program of Japan Spaceguard Association using asteroid search", Spaceguard Detective Agency, Proceedings of Asteroids, Comets, Meteors - ACM 2002. International Conference, 29 July - 2 August 2002
- The Spaceguard Private Investigator of the Stars, an asteroid monitoring program for the youth, was made possible by the special cooperation by the Japan Space Forum, as well as sponsorship from Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, National Space Development Agency of Japan along with John Moore University and Armar Observatory in the UK.
- UK has "National Schools' Observatory", an astronomical education for young people, which is held with John Moore University in Liverpool. The University operates a robotic telescope in the Canary Islands, and schools are allowed that they carry out scientific research using the remote telescope.
- The participating teams were supplied with a computer program "Aarteroid Catcher B-612" that JSGA developed to compare images of asteroids in the night sky. Each team will receive images from the Canary Island telescope and compare them with JSGAs' images, and the mission was monitoring asteroid collision and perhaps unknown asteroids. The contest was due 4 March 2001, and Japan Spaceguard Association (JSGA) examined 133 reports for 10 days. On 14 March, the jury meeting was held, and winners were announced on Yomiuri Shinbun on 20 March. Award overview, assessment comments as well as presentation report, interviews to recipients, along with JSGA's prospects for future astronomic education and asteroid hunting projects.
- "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 31 May 2018. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(5592) Oshima". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (5592) Oshima. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 475. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_5312. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
- Clarke, Chandra K. "Space Exploration Advocacy in the 21st Century: The Case for Participatory Science" (PDF) (PDF). citizensciencecenter.com: 27. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "国際小惑星監視プロジェクト 入賞者決まる" [Recipient of International Asteroid Monitoring Project is announced]. Yomiuri shinbun. 27 March 2001. Archived from the original on 19 May 2001. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "Teacher Zone, National Schools' Observatory". Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "JSGA's project named "Private Investigaters of Stars - the fugitives are the asteroids!"". Japan Spaceguard Association. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
- "New publication: part2". Japan Spaceguard Association. Retrieved 16 October 2016.