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A minor-planet moon is an astronomical object that orbits a minor planet as its natural satellite. As of February 2019, there are 352 minor planets known or suspected to have moons.[1] Discoveries of minor-planet moons (and binary objects, in general) are important because the determination of their orbits provides estimates on the mass and density of the primary, allowing insights of their physical properties that is generally not otherwise possible.[2]

243 Ida and its moon Dactyl
Three images of (66391) and its orbiting moon
Animation of (357439)Animation of (136617), a trinary asteroid

The first modern era mention of the possibility of an asteroid satellite was in connection with an occultation of the bright star Gamma Ceti by the asteroid 6 Hebe in 1977. The observer, amateur astronomer Paul D. Maley, detected an unmistakable 0.5 second disappearance of this naked eye star from a site near Victoria, Texas. Many hours later, several observations were reported in Mexico attributed to the occultation by 6 Hebe itself. Although not confirmed, this documents the first formally documented case of a suspected companion of an asteroid.[3]

Contents

TerminologyEdit

In addition to the terms satellite and moon, the term "binary" (binary minor planet) is sometimes used for minor planets with moons, and "triple" for minor planets with two moons. If one object is much bigger it can be referred to as the primary and its companion as secondary. The term double asteroid is sometimes used for systems in which the asteroid and its moon are roughly the same size, while binary tends to be used independently from the relative sizes of the components. When binary minor planets are similar in size, the Minor Planet Center (MPC) refers to them as "binary companions" instead of referring to the smaller body as a satellite.[4] A good example of a true binary is the 90 Antiope system, identified in August 2000.[5] Small satellites are often referred to as moonlets.[2][6]

Discovery milestonesEdit

Prior to the era of the Hubble Space Telescope and space probes reaching the outer Solar System, attempts to detect satellites around asteroids were limited to optical observations from Earth. For example, in 1978, stellar occultation observations were claimed as evidence of a satellite for the asteroid 532 Herculina.[7] However, later more-detailed imaging by the Hubble Telescope did not reveal a satellite, and the current consensus is that Herculina does not have a significant satellite.[8] There were other similar reports of asteroids having companions (usually referred to as satellites) in the following years. Also, a letter in Sky & Telescope magazine[citation needed] at this time pointed to apparently simultaneous impact craters on Earth (for example, the Clearwater Lakes in Quebec), suggesting that these craters were caused by pairs of gravitationally bound objects.

In 1993, the first asteroid moon was confirmed when the Galileo probe discovered the small Dactyl orbiting 243 Ida in the asteroid belt. The second was discovered around 45 Eugenia in 1998.[9] In 2001, 617 Patroclus and its same-sized companion Menoetius became the first known binary asteroids in the Jupiter trojans.[10] The first trans-Neptunian binary after Pluto–Charon, 1998 WW31, was optically resolved in 2002.[11]

Triple systemsEdit

Triple or trinary minor planets, are known since 2005, when the asteroid 87 Sylvia was discovered to have two satellites, making it the first known triple system.[12] This was followed by the discovery of a second moon orbiting 45 Eugenia.[13] Also in 2005, the dwarf planet Haumea was discovered to have two moons, making it the second trans-Neptunian object after Pluto known to have more than one moon.[14] Additionally, 216 Kleopatra[15] and 93 Minerva[16] were discovered to be trinary asteroids in 2008 and 2009 respectively. Since the first few triple minor planets were discovered, more continue to be discovered at a rate of about one a year. Most recently discovered were two moons orbiting large near-earth asteroid 3122 Florence, bringing the number of known trinary systems in the Solar System up to 14.

The following table lists all satellites of triple systems (or higher multiplicities) chronologically by their discovery date, starting with Charon, discovered in 1978.

Parent body Minor-planet moon
Designation Orbital class Designation Discovery
date
Announcement
date
Announcement
of trinary
134340 Pluto TNO Charon 1978/06/22 1978/07/07 2005/10/31
45 Eugenia Asteroid belt Petit-Prince 1998/11/01 1999/03/20 2007/03/07
87 Sylvia Asteroid belt Romulus 2001/02/18 2005/08/11 2005/08/11
107 Camilla Asteroid belt S/2001 (107) 1 2001/03/01 2001/03/19 2016/08/07
47171 Lempo TNO Paha 2001/12/08 2002/01/10 2009/10/??
3749 Balam Asteroid belt S/2002 (3749) 1 2002/02/08 2002/02/13 2008/03/12
130 Elektra Asteroid belt S/2003 (130) 1 2003/08/15 2003/08/17 2014/12/16
45 Eugenia Asteroid belt S/2004 (45) 1 2004/02/14 2007/03/07 2007/03/07
87 Sylvia Asteroid belt Remus 2004/08/09 2005/08/11 2005/08/11
136108 Haumea TNO Hiʻiaka 2005/01/26 2008/09/17 2008/09/17
134340 Pluto TNO Nix 2005/05/15 2005/10/31 2005/10/31
134340 Pluto TNO Hydra 2005/05/15 2005/10/31 2005/10/31
136108 Haumea TNO Namaka 2005/06/30 2008/09/17 2008/09/17
3749 Balam Asteroid belt S/2007 (3749) 1 2007/07/15 2008/03/12 2008/03/12
(153591) 2001 SN263 Amor Beta (unofficial) 2008/02/12 2008/02/12 2008/02/12
(153591) 2001 SN263 Amor Gamma (unofficial) 2008/02/12 2008/02/12 2008/02/12
216 Kleopatra Asteroid belt Alexhelios 2008/09/19 2011/02/18 2011/02/18
216 Kleopatra Asteroid belt Cleoselene 2008/09/19 2011/02/18 2011/02/18
2577 Litva Mars-crosser S/2009 (2577) 1 2009/02/28 2009/03/11 2013/12/22
(136617) 1994 CC Apollo Beta (unofficial) 2009/06/12 2009/06/19 2009/06/19
(136617) 1994 CC Apollo Gamma (unofficial) 2009/06/12 2009/06/19 2009/06/19
47171 Lempo TNO Hiisi 2009/10/?? 2009/10/?? 2009/10/??
93 Minerva Asteroid belt Aegis 2009/08/16 2013/12/17 2013/12/17
93 Minerva Asteroid belt Gorgoneion 2009/08/16 2013/12/17 2013/12/17
134340 Pluto TNO Kerberos 2011/06/28 2013/07/02 2005/10/31
2577 Litva Mars-crosser S/2012 (2577) 1 2012/06/22 2013/12/22 2013/12/22
134340 Pluto TNO Styx 2012/06/26 2013/07/02 2005/10/31
130 Elektra Asteroid belt S/2014 (130) 1 2014/12/06 2014/12/16 2014/12/16
107 Camilla Asteroid belt S/2016 (107) 1 2015/05/29 2016/08/07 2016/08/07
3122 Florence Amor S/2017 (3122) 1 2017/08/29 2017/09/01 2017/09/01
3122 Florence Amor S/2017 (3122) 2 2017/08/29 2017/09/01 2017/09/01

CommonalityEdit

The data about the populations of binary objects are still patchy. In addition to the inevitable observational bias (dependence on the distance from Earth, size, albedo and separation of the components) the frequency appears to be different among different categories of objects. Among asteroids, an estimated 2% would have satellites. Among trans-Neptunian objects (TNO), an estimated 11% are thought to be binary or multiple objects, and the majority of the large TNOs have at least one satellite, including all four IAU-listed dwarf planets.

More than 50 binaries are known in each of the main groupings: near-Earth asteroids, belt asteroids, and trans-Neptunian objects, not including numerous claims based solely on light-curve variation.

Two binaries have been found so far among centaurs with semi-major axes smaller than Neptune.[17] Both are double ring systems around 2060 Chiron and 10199 Chariklo, discovered in 1994–2011 and 2013 respectively.

OriginEdit

The origin of minor-planet moons is not currently known with certainty, and a variety of theories exist. A widely accepted theory is that minor-planet moons are formed from debris knocked off of the primary by an impact. Other pairings may be formed when a small object is captured by the gravity of a larger one.

Formation by collision is constrained by the angular momentum of the components, i.e. by the masses and their separation. Close binaries fit this model (e.g. PlutoCharon). Distant binaries however, with components of comparable size, are unlikely to have followed this scenario, unless considerable mass has been lost in the event.

The distances of the components for the known binaries vary from a few hundreds of kilometres (243 Ida, 3749 Balam) to more than 3000 km (379 Huenna) for the asteroids. Among TNOs, the known separations vary from 3,000 to 50,000 km.[17]

Populations and classesEdit

What is "typical" for a binary system tends to depend on its location in the Solar System (presumably because of different modes of origin and lifetimes of such systems in different populations of minor planets).[18]

  • Among near-Earth asteroids, satellites tend to orbit at distances of the order of 3–7 primary radii, and have diameters two to several times smaller than the primary. Since these binaries are all inner-planet crossers, it is thought that tidal stresses that occurred when the parent object passed close to a planet may be responsible for the formation of many of them, although collisions are thought to also be a factor in the creation of these satellites.
  • Among main-belt asteroids, the satellites are usually much smaller than the primary (a notable exception being 90 Antiope), and orbit around 10 primary radii away. Many of the binary systems here are members of asteroid families, and a good proportion of satellites are expected to be fragments of a parent body whose disruption after an asteroid collision produced both the primary and satellite.
  • Among trans-Neptunian objects, it is common for the two orbiting components to be of comparable size, and for the semi-major axis of their orbits to be much larger − about 100 to 1000 primary radii. A significant proportion of these binaries are expected to be primordial.
    • Pluto has five known moons. Its largest moon Charon is more than half the size of Pluto itself, and large enough to orbit a point outside Pluto's surface. In fact, each orbits the common barycenter between them, with Pluto's orbit entirely enclosed by Charon's; thus they form a binary system informally referred to as a double dwarf planet. Pluto's four other moons, Nix, Hydra, Kerberos, and Styx, are far smaller and orbit the Pluto–Charon system.
    • Haumea has two moons with radii estimated around 155 km (Hiʻiaka) and 85 km (Namaka).
    • Makemake has one known moon, S/2015 (136472) 1, estimated to be some 160 kilometers (100 mi) in diameter.
    • Eris has one known moon, Dysnomia. Its radius, based on its brightness, is estimated to be roughly between 150 and 350 km.[19]

ListEdit

As of February 2019, there are 352 minor planets with 370 known companions.[1] These consist of:

# of Systems Orbital class List by class Description
72 Near-Earth objects go to list Three systems with two satellites: 3122 Florence, (136617) 1994 CC, and (153591) 2001 SN263.
28 Mars-crossing asteroids go to list One system with two satellites: 2577 Litva.
160 Main-belt asteroids go to list Eight systems with two satellites: 45 Eugenia, 87 Sylvia, 93 Minerva, 107 Camilla, 130 Elektra, 216 Kleopatra, and 3749 Balam.
5 Jupiter trojans go to list
2 Centaurs go to list Both systems in the form of ring systems that are likely contained by shepherd moons.
87 Trans-Neptunian objects go to list Two systems with two satellites: 47171 Lempo and Haumea; one system with five satellites: Pluto.[1][20]
Total of 334 systems with 362 moons and 2 systems with 4 rings

Near-Earth objectsEdit

There are 72 known near-Earth asteroids with moons.[1] Candidate binaries with an unconfirmed status are displayed on a dark background.[21]

System Primary Secondary Refs
Designation Class De
(km)
s/p-ratio YOD Dp
(km)
RTp
(hours)
Designation YOD Ds
(km)
as
(km)
Ps
(hours)
1862 Apollo APO 1.55 0.052 1932 1.55 3.065 S/2005 (1862) 1 2005 0.08 3.75 27.36 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
1866 Sisyphus APO 8.48 0.1 1972 8.44 2.3909 S/1985 (1866) 1 1985 0.8 20 27.12 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
3122 Florence AMO 4.40 0.04
0.04
1981 4.4 2.3581 S/2017 (3122) 1 2017 0.2 4.7 7.2 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
S/2017 (3122) 2 2017 0.2 9.8 24
3671 Dionysus AMO 1.46 0.2 1984 1.43 2.705 S/1997 (3671) 1 1997 0.29 3.4 27.744 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
5143 Heracles APO 3.65 0.167 1991 3.6 2.706 S/2011 (5143) 1 2011 0.6 4 15.5 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
5381 Sekhmet ATE 1.04 0.3 1991 1 2.7 S/2003 (5381) 1 2003 0.3 1.54 12.5 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(5646) 1990 TR AMO 2.72 0.18+ 1990 2.68 3.1999 S/2012 (5646) 1 2012 0.48 5.1 19.4712 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
7088 Ishtar AMO 1.51 0.42 1992 1.39 2.679 S/2006 (7088) 1 2006 0.58 2.8 20.6496 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(7888) 1993 UC APO 2.72 1993 2.72 2.34 S/2013 (7888) 1 2013 7 35.04 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
15745 Yuliya AMO 1.2 0.46+ 1991 1.1 3.2495 S/2018 (15745) 1 2018 0.5+ 1.5 11.735 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(31345) 1998 PG AMO 0.94 0.3 1998 0.9 2.51620 S/2001 (31345) 1 2001 0.27 1.4 14.0064 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(35107) 1991 VH APO 1.12 0.4 1991 1.04 2.624 S/1997 (35107) 1 1997 0.42 3.26 32.64 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(53110) 1999 AR7 AMO 1.5 0.41+ 1999 1.4 2.7375 S/2015 (53110) 1 2015 0.6+ 3.8 31.32 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
65803 Didymos AMO 0.77 0.22 1996 0.75 2.259 S/2003 (65803) 1 2003 0.17 1.18 11.8992 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(66063) 1998 RO1 ATE 0.89 0.48 1998 0.8 2.492 S/2002 (66063) 1 2002 0.38 1.2 14.5392 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(66391) 1999 KW4 ATE 1.39 0.341 1999 1.317 2.7645 S/2001 (66391) 1 2001 0.451 2.548 17.4216 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(68063) 2000 YJ66 AMO 2.3 2000 2.3 2.1102 S/2014 (68063) 1 2014 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
69230 Hermes APO 0.81 0.9 1937 0.6 13.894 S/2003 (69230) 1 2003 0.54 1.1 13.8936 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(85938) 1999 DJ4 APO 0.48 0.5 1999 0.43 2.514 S/2004 (85938) 1 2004 0.21 0.8 17.7312 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(88710) 2001 SL9 APO 1 0.28 2001 0.96 2.4 S/2001 (88710) 1 2001 0.2 1.6 16.399 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(136617) 1994 CC APO 0.64 0.182
0.129
1994 0.62 2.3886 Beta
S/2009 (136617) 1
2009 0.113 1.729 29.832 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
Gamma
S/2009 (136617) 2
2009 0.08 6.130 201.024
(136993) 1998 ST49 APO 0.69 0.109 1998 0.69 2.302 S/2012 (136993) 1 2012 0.08 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(137170) 1999 HF1 ATE 3.73 0.23 1999 3.64 2.319 S/1999 (137170) 1 1999 0.84 7.3 14.01696 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(138095) 2000 DK79 AMO 2.18 2000 2.18 4.243 S/2013 (138095) 1 2013 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(153591) 2001 SN263 AMO 2.85 0.408
0.177
2001 2.6 3.425 Beta
S/2008 (153591) 1
2008 1.06 16.633 149.4 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
Gamma
S/2008 (153591) 2
2008 0.46 3.804 16.464
(153958) 2002 AM31 APO 0.46 0.25 2002 0.45 2.817 S/2012 (153958) 1 2012 0.11 1.5 26.304 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(162000) 1990 OS APO 0.3 0.167 1990 0.3 2.536 S/2003 (162000) 1 2003 0.05 0.6 21 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(162483) 2000 PJ5 ATE 0.62 0.5 2000 0.55 2.642 S/2005 (162483) 1 2005 0.28 1.05 14.16 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
163693 Atira ATI 4.9 0.21 2003 4.8 2.9745 S/2017 (163693) 1 2017 1 6 15.504 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(164121) 2003 YT1 APO 1.12 0.191 2003 1.1 2.343 S/2004 (164121) 1 2004 0.21 3.93 36.696 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(175706) 1996 FG3 APO 1.69 0.28 1996 1.69 3.595195 S/1998 (175706) 1 1998 0.49 3 16.1508 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(185851) 2000 DP107 APO 0.85 0.41 2000 0.8 2.774 S/2000 (185851) 1 2000 0.3 2.62 42.192 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(190166) 2005 UP156 AMO 1.05 2005 1.045 40.542 S/2017 (190166) 1 2017 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(190208) 2006 AQ AMO 1.06 2006 1.06 182 S/2015 (190208) 1 2015 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(226514) 2003 UX34 APO 0.28 0.5 2003 0.25 S/2017 (226514) 1 2017 0.1 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(250162) 2002 TY57 AMO 0.38 0.18+ 2002 0.37 2.5001 S/2018 (250162) 1 2018 0.07+ 0.5 10.76 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(276049) 2002 CE26 APO 3.46 0.087 2002 3.46 3.2931 S/2004 (276049) 1 2004 0.3 4.7 15.6 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(285263) 1998 QE2 AMO 3.09 0.25 1998 3.2 4.751 S/2013 (285263) 1 2013 0.8 6.212 31.3104 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(310560) 2001 QL142 APO 0.92 2001 0.92 S/2017 (310560) 1 2017 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(311066) 2004 DC APO 0.37 0.2 2004 0.36 2.6 S/2006 (311066) 1 2006 0.07 0.75 23.04 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(348400) 2005 JF21 AMO 0.6 0.18 2005 0.6 2.4144 S/2015 (348400) 1 2015 0.11 0.9 14.736 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(357439) 2004 BL86 APO 0.33 0.21 2004 0.32 2.6 S/2015 (357439) 1 2015 0.07 0.5 14.4 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(363027) 1998 ST27 ATE 0.81 0.15 1998 0.8 3- S/2001 (363027) 1 2001 0.12 4.5 98.4 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(363067) 2000 CO101 APO 0.62 0.065 2000 0.62 5.12 S/2009 (363067) 1 2009 0.04 0.61 7.2 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(363599) 2004 FG11 APO 0.17 0.533 2004 0.15 4- S/2012 (363599) 1 2012 0.08- 0.25 20 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(374851) 2006 VV2 APO 1.82 0.28 2006 1.06 2.41 S/2007 (374851) 1 2007 0.3+ 1.5 5.52 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(385186) 1994 AW1 AMO 1.04 0.49 1994 0.94 2.519 S/1994 (385186) 1 1994 0.46 2 22.3296 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(399307) 1991 RJ2 AMO 0.55 0.47+ 1991 0.5 3.4907 S/2014 (399307) 1 2014 0.24 0.86 15.91704 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(399774) 2005 NB7 APO 0.54 0.32+ 2005 0.5 3.4883 S/2008 (399774) 1 2008 0.2 0.6 15.2808 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(410777) 2009 FD APO 0.17 0.6 2009 0.15 4 S/2015 (410777) 1 2015 0.09 0.25 14.4 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(450894) 2008 BT18 APO 0.63 0.333 2008 0.6 2.726 S/2008 (450894) 1 2008 0.2+ 1.5 28.8 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(452561) 2005 AB AMO 1.95 0.24 2005 1.9+ 3.339 S/2005 (2005 AB) 1 2005 0.46 3.4 17.9304 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(461852) 2006 GY2 APO 0.41 0.2 2006 0.4 2.27 S/2006 (2006 GY2) 1 2006 0.08 0.5 11.7 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(481532) 2007 LE APO 0.53 0.36 2007 0.5 2.603 S/2012 (2007 LE) 1 2012 0.18 1.4 33.504 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(488453) 1994 XD APO 0.62 0.25 1994 0.6 2.736 S/2005 (1994 JD) 1 2005 0.15+ 0.6 17.976 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(494658) 2000 UG11 APO 0.29 0.5 2000 0.26 4.44 S/2000 (2000 UG11) 1 2000 0.13 0.426 18.4 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(523625) 2008 DG17 APO 0.38 2008 0.38 S/2013 (2008 DG17) 1 2013 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(523775) 2014 YB35 APO 0.34 0.5- 2014 0.3 S/2015 (2014 YB35) 1 2015 0.15- BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
1994 CJ1 APO 0.21- 1 1994 0.15- 30 S/2014 (1999 CJ1) 1 2014 0.15- 0.525 30 BIN JPL LCDB
2002 BM26 AMO 0.61 0.167 2002 0.6 2.7 S/2002 (2002 BM26) 1 2002 0.1 1.4 25.8 BIN JPL LCDB
2002 KK8 AMO 0.51 0.2 2002 0.5 S/2002 (2002 KK8) 1 2002 0.1 BIN JPL LCDB
2003 SS84 APO 0.13 0.5 2003 0.12 S/2003 (2003 SS84) 1 2003 0.06 0.27 24 BIN JPL LCDB
2005 YQ96 ATE 0.27 2005 0.27 rot. S/2014 (2005 YQ96) 1 2014 BIN JPL LCDB
2007 DT103 APO 0.31 0.267 2007 0.3 2.703 S/2007 (2007 DT103) 1 2007 0.08+ 0.45 13.44 BIN JPL LCDB
2013 WT44 APO 1.32 2013 1 2.8849 S/2014 (2013 WT44) 1 2014 BIN JPL LCDB
2014 WZ120 APO 0.3 0.32+ 2014 0.3 3.361 S/2014 (2014 WZ120) 1 2014 0.1 0.5 13.665 BIN JPL LCDB
2015 TD144 APO 0.1 2015 0.1 S/2015 (2015 TD144) 1 2015 BIN JPL LCDB
2016 AZ8 APO 0.47 0.43 2016 0.42 7- S/2019 (2016 AZ8) 1 2019 0.18- 0.42+ 7.2 BIN JPL LCDB
2017 RV1 APO 0.3 2017 0.3 S/2017 (2017 RV1) 1 2017 BIN JPL LCDB
2017 YE5 APO 1.3 1 2017 0.9 20.6 S/2018 (2017 YE5) 1 2018 0.9 2.4 22.08 BIN JPL LCDB
2018 EB APO 0.24 2018 0.24 S/2018 (2018 EB) 1 2018 BIN JPL LCDB
2018 TF3 APO 0.28 0.23 2018 0.27 2.4398 S/2018 (2018 TF3) 1 2018 0.06 0.35 10.512 BIN JPL LCDB

to summary  

Mars crossersEdit

There are 28 Mars-crossing asteroids with moons.[1] Candidate binaries with an unconfirmed status are displayed on a dark background.[21]

System Primary Secondary Refs
Designation Class De
(km)
s/p-ratio YOD Dp
(km)
RTp
(hours)
Designation YOD Ds
(km)
as
(km)
Ps
(hours)
1139 Atami cls. 7.81 0.833 1929 6 27.45 S/2005 (1139) 1 2005 5 15+ 27.456 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
1727 Mette cls. 10.4 0.21 1965 10.18 2.98109 S/2013 (1727) 1 2013 2.14 21 20.99 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
2044 Wirt cls. 6.66 0.25 1950 6.46 3.6898 S/2006 (2044) 1 2006 1.62 12 18.9696 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
2449 Kenos cls. 6.2 0.23 1978 6 3.8481 S/2015 (2449) 1 2015 1.4 10 15.84 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
2577 Litva cls. 4.4 0.35
0.3
1975 4 2.813 S/2009 (2577) 1 2009 1.4 21 35.88 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
S/2012 (2577) 1 2012 1.2 378 5136
3873 Roddy cls. 7.51 0.27 1984 7.25 2.47900 S/2012 (3873) 1 2012 1.96 14 19.24 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
4435 Holt cls. 5.03 0.34+ 1983 4.76 2.867 S/2017 (4435) 1 2017 1.62+ 16 42.648 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
5261 Eureka cls. 1.28 0.39+ 1990 1.19 2.6902 S/2011 (5261) 1 2011 0.46 2.1 16.9296 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(5407) 1992 AX cls. 3.98 0.2 1992 3.9 2.549 S/1997 (5407) 1 1997 0.78 5.8 13.5192 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
7002 Bronshten cls. 3.12 0.24+ 1971 3.03 2.67025 S/2018 (7002) 1 2018 0.73+ 4.5 13.32 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
7369 Gavrilin cls. 7.92 0.32+ 1975 7.54 49.12 S/2007 (7369) 1 2007 2.41 27 49.128 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
8373 Stephengould unus. 5.48 0.27- 1992 5.29 4.435 S/2010 (8373) 1 2010 1.43 15 34.152 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
12008 Kandrup cls. 4.2 0.75 1996 3.4 32.9034 S/2016 (12008) 1 2016 2.6 10 32.904 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(15700) 1987 QD cls. 4.15 0.31 1987 3.96 3.0586 S/2010 (15700) 1 2010 1.23 14 50.4 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(16635) 1993 QO cls. 4.77 0.27+ 1993 4.61 7.622 S/2007 (16635) 1 2007 1.24 12 32.256 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(23621) 1996 PA cls. 2.5 0.27+ 1996 2.4 2.6649 S/2017 (23621) 1 2017 0.65 5 20.60 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
24495 Degroff cls. 3.5 2001 3.26 24.083 S/2017 (24495) 1 2017 2.7375 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
26074 Carlwirtz cls. 3.62 1977 3.62 2.4593 S/2013 (26074) 1 2013 6.1 16.1112 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
26471 Tracybecker cls. 6.05 0.36 2000 5.69 2.687 S/2009 (26471) 1 2009 2.05 18 39.288 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(32039) 2000 JO23 cls. 4.15 0.32+ 2000 3.96 6.5979 S/2007 (32039) 1 2007 1.27 53 360 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(34706) 2001 OP83 cls. 3.62 0.28 2001 3.48 2.5644 S/2005 (34706) 1 2005 0.98 7 20.76 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(51356) 2000 RY76 cls. 3.3 0.21+ 2000 3.23 2.5572 S/2012 (51356) 1 2012 0.68 13 62.04 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(53432) 1999 UT55 cls. 2.62 0.23+ 1999 2.55 3.330 S/2013 (53432) 1 2013 0.59 4 14.1 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(54697) 2001 FA70 cls. 3.3 0.19+ 2001 3.2 2.7077 S/2016 (54697) 1 2016 0.6 16.2648 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(99913) 1997 CZ5 cls. 6.89 0.19 1997 6.77 2.83507 S/2010 (99913) 2010 1.29 11 14.6808 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(100015) 1989 SR7 cls. 2.4 0.35 1989 2.3 2.4172 S/2018 (100015) 1 2018 0.8 4.5 20.65 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(114319) 2002 XD58 cls. 2.62 2002 2.19 2.9649 S/2005 (114319) 1 2005 7.954 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(218144) 2002 RL66 cls. 2.97 2002 587 S/2010 (218144) 1 2010 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB

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Main-belt asteroidsEdit

There are 160 asteroids with moons in the asteroid belt.[1] Candidate binaries with an unconfirmed status are displayed on a dark background.[21]

System Primary Secondary Refs
Designation Class De
(km)
s/p-ratio YOD Dp
(km)
RTp
(hours)
Designation YOD Ds
(km)
as
(km)
Ps
(hours)
22 Kalliope cls. 168.5 0.168 1852 166.2 4.1482 Linus 2001 28 1095 86.304 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
41 Daphne cls. 174 0.011 1856 174 5.9880 Peneius
S/2008 (41) 1
2008 2- 443 26.4 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
45 Eugenia cls. 206 0.034
0.024
1857 206 5.699 Petit-Prince
S/1998 (45) 1
(Eugenia I)
1998 7 1164 113.18 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
S/2004 (45) 1
(Eugenia II)
2004 5 611 43.03
87 Sylvia cls. 286 0.038
0.037
1866 286 5.1836 Romulus
S/2001 (87)
(Sylvia I)
2001 10.8 1351 87.696 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
Remus
S/2004 (87)
(Sylvia II)
2004 10.6 701.6 32.952
90 Antiope cls. 121 0.954 1866 87.8 16.505 S/2000 (90) 1 2000 87.8 171 16.505 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
93 Minerva cls. 141.6 0.028
0.021
1867 141.6 5.9818 Aegis
S/2009 (93) 1
(Minerva I)
2009 3.6 623.5 57.744 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
Gorgoneion
S/2009 (93) 2
(Minerva II)
2009 3.2 375 26.7528
107 Camilla cls. 219.37 0.073
0.016
1868 219.37 4.8439 S/2001 (107) 1 2001 16 1250 89.328 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
S/2016 (107) 1 2016 3.5 340 12
113 Amalthea cls. 50.1 1871 50.1 9.95 S/2017 (113) 1 2017 5 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
121 Hermione cls. 190 0.171 1872 187 5.551 S/2002 (121) 1 2002 32 747 61.512 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
130 Elektra cls. 198.93 0.035
0.026
1873 198.93 5.2247 S/2003 (130) 1 2003 7 1318 126.19 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
S/2014 (130) 1 2014 5.2 460 26.4
216 Kleopatra cls. 135 0.066
0.051
1880 135 5.38528 Alexhelios
S/2008 (216) 1
(Kleopatra I)
2008 8.9 678 55.68 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
Cleoselene
S/2008 (216) 2
(Kleopatra II)
yr. 6.9 454 29.76
243 Ida cls. 31.4 0.045 1884 31.4 4.6336 Dactyl (Ida I) 1993 1.4 108 36.96 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
283 Emma cls. 134.7 0.067 1889 134.7 6.888 S/2003 (283) 1 2003 9 581 80.472 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
317 Roxane cls. 20.56 0.267 1891 19.86 8.169 S/2009 (317) 1 2009 5.3 257 336 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
379 Huenna cls. 87.47 0.066 1894 87.47 7.022 S/2003 (379) 1 2003 5.8 3336 2102 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
702 Alauda cls. 201.96 0.017 1910 201.96 8.354 Pichi üñëm
S/2007 (702) 1
2007 3.51 1227 117.9 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
762 Pulcova cls. 143 0.134 1913 141.72 5.839 S/2000 (762) 1 2000 19 703 106.51 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
809 Lundia cls. 9.1 0.89 1915 6.9 15.418 S/2005 (809) 1 2005 6.1 15.8 15.418 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
854 Frostia cls. 7.84 0.724 1916 6.35 37.728 S/2004 (854) 1 2004 4.6 17 37.73 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
939 Isberga cls. 12.9 0.29 1920 12.4 2.9170 S/2006 (939) 1 2006 3.6 33 26.630 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1016 Anitra cls. 9.54 1924 9.54 5.9295 S/2016 (1016) 1 2016 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1052 Belgica cls. 10.41 0.36+ 1925 9.79 2.7097 S/2012 (1052) 1 2012 3.53 34 47.26 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1089 Tama cls. 12.92 0.685 1927 10.7 16.444 S/2003 (1089) 1 2003 7.33 20.7 16.445 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1313 Berna cls. 13.5 0.79 1933 10.6 25.464 S/2004 (1313) 1 2004 8.37 25 25.464 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1333 Cevenola cls. 17.15 0.35 1934 17.15 4.88 S/2008 (1333) 1 2008 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1338 Duponta cls. 7.88 0.23 1934 7.68 3.8545 S/2007 (1338) 1 2007 1.77 14 17.57 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1344 Caubeta cls. 5.84 1935 5.84 3.122 S/2011 (1344) 1 2011 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1453 Fennia cls. 7.23 0.28+ 1938 6.96 4.4121 S/2007 (1453) 1 2007 1.95 15 22.9896 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1509 Esclangona cls. 8.17 0.331 1938 7.76 3.253 S/2003 (1509) 1 2003 2.57 140 552 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1717 Arlon cls. 9.13 1954 9.13 5.148 S/2005 (1717) 1 2005 17 18.235 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1770 Schlesinger cls. 10.61 1967 10.61 2.8804 S/2016 (1770) 1 2016 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1798 Watts cls. 6.63 1949 6.63 S/2017 (1798) 1 2017 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
1830 Pogson cls. 8.28 0.32+ 1968 7.89 2.57 S/2007 (1830) 1 2007 2.52 18 24.24 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2006 Polonskaya cls. 4.62 0.22+ 1973 4.51 3.118 S/2005 (2006) 1 2005 0.99 8.5 19.1496 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2047 Smetana cls. 3.07 0.21+ 1971 3 2.497 S/2012 (2047) 1 2012 0.63 6.3 22.4304 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2070 Humason cls. 4.57 0.31 1964 4.37 3.1883 S/2018 (2070) 1 2018 1.35 17 53.50 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2121 Sevastopol cls. 9.32 0.41 1971 8.62 2.9064 S/2010 (2121) 1 2010 3.54 26 37.104 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2131 Mayall cls. 8.56 0.26+ 1975 8.28 2.568 S/2009 (2131) 1 2009 2.15 18 23.4792 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2178 Kazakhstania cls. 4.31 0.26 1972 4.17 3.0183 S/2018 (2178) 1 2018 1.08 8 18.50 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2242 Balaton cls. 6.13 0.25+ 1936 5.95 2.7979 S/2015 (2242) 1 2015 1.49+ 9 12.96 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2337 Boubín cls. 8.01 0.16+ 1976 7.91 2.53163 S/2018 (2337) 1 2018 1.27+ 13 16.09 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2343 Siding Spring cls. 5.2 0.19+ 1979 5.11 2.10637 S/2015 (2343) 1 2015 0.97+ 7 11.78904 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2478 Tokai cls. 9.98 0.72+ 1981 8.1 25.885 S/2007 (2478) 1 2007 5.83 21 25.896 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2486 Metsähovi cls. 8.42 1939 8.42 4.4518 S/2007 (2486) 1 2007 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2491 Tvashtri cls. 3.259 0.24+ 1977 3.17 4.0852 S/2018 (2491) 1 2018 0.76+ 7.5 26.71 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2535 Hämeenlinna cls. 9.42 0.22+ 1939 9.2 3.23106 S/2015 (2535) 1 2015 2.0+ 19 21.2304 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2623 Zech cls. 7.92 0.29+ 1919 7.61 2.7401 S/2014 (2623) 1 2014 2.21+ 48 117.19 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2691 Sersic cls. 5.44 0.43+ 1974 5 3.8811 S/2011 (2691) 1 2011 2.15 12 26.808 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2754 Efimov cls. 6.58 0.2 1966 6.46 2.4497 S/2006 (2754) 1 2006 1.29 10 14.7648 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2815 Soma cls. 7.16 0.25 1982 6.95 2.73325 S/2011 (2815) 1 2011 1.74 13 17.916 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2825 Crosby cls. 5.06 0.18+ 1938 4.98 2.8135 S/2017 (2825) 1 2017 0.9+ 14.3496 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
2881 Meiden cls. 5.67 1983 5.67 3.48 S/2017 (2881) 1 2017 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3034 Climenhaga cls. 9.97 1917 9.97 2.73749 S/2009 (3034) 1 2009 19 18.9552 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3073 Kursk cls. 6.89 0.25 1979 6.69 3.4468 S/2006 (3073) 1 2006 1.67 22 44.952 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3169 Ostro cls. 5.15 0.87 1981 3.89 6.509 S/2005 (3169) 1 2005 3.38 5.2 6.5088 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3309 Brorfelde cls. 5.04 0.26 1982 4.88 2.5041 S/2005 (3309) 1 2005 1.27 9 18.48 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3378 Susanvictoria cls. 6.64 0.24+ 1922 6.46 2.5621 S/2017 (3378) 1 2017 1.55+ 11 17.1312 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3433 Fehrenbach cls. 7.74 0.31 1963 7.4 3.916 S/2015 (3433) 1 2015 2.3 14 19.6656 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3623 Chaplin cls. 11.1 1981 11.1 8.361 S/2008 (3623) 1 2008 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3673 Levy cls. 6.41 0.28 1985 6.17 2.688 S/2007 (3673) 1 2007 1.73 13 21.6 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3703 Volkonskaya cls. 3.73 0.4 1978 3.46 3.235 S/2005 (3703) 1 2005 1.39 7.8 24 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3749 Balam cls. 4.66 0.466
0.42
1982 3.95 2.80483 S/2002 (3749) 1 2002 1.84 289 1464 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
S/2008 (3749) 1 2008 1.66 20 33.384
3782 Celle cls. 5.92 0.43 1986 5.44 3.839 S/2003 (3782) 1 2003 2.34 18 36.576 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3792 Preston cls. 5.16 1985 5.16 2.9277 S/2016 (3792) 1 2016 46.8 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3841 Dicicco cls. 6.25 0.28+ 1983 6.02 3.5949 S/2014 (3841) 1 2014 1.67+ 12 21.6288 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3868 Mendoza cls. 9.35 0.22 1960 9.13 2.7709 S/2009 (3868) 1 2009 2.01 20 24.384 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3905 Doppler cls. 7.91 0.77+ 1984 6.27 50.8 S/2013 (3905) 1 2013 4.83 26 50.808 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3951 Zichichi cls. 6.72 0.33+ 1986 6.38 3.3942 S/2006 (3951) 1 2006 2.11 16 27.6 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
3982 Kastel' cls. 6.79 1984 6.79 5.835 S/2005 (3982) 1 2005 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4029 Bridges cls. 8.02 0.24 1982 7.8 3.5746 S/2006 (4029) 1 2006 1.87 13 16.3104 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4272 Entsuji cls. 7.68 0.18 1977 7.56 2.8087 S/2015 (4272) 1 2015 1.36 13 15.9456 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4296 van Woerkom cls. 7.6 0.3 1935 7.3 2.809 S/2016 (4296) 1 2016 2.2 17 26.232 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4383 Suruga cls. 6.47 0.21+ 1989 6.33 3.4068 S/2013 (4383) 1 2013 1.33 11 16.3872 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4440 Tchantchès cls. 2.09 0.25+ 1984 2.03 2.78836 S/2005 (4440) 1 2005 0.51 3.8 18.6912 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4492 Debussy cls. 17.36 0.643 1988 14.6 26.606 S/2004 (4492) 1 2004 9.39 31 26.616 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4514 Vilen cls. 6.29 0.26 1972 6.09 2.8922 S/2015 (4514) 1 2015 1.58+ 11 16.8504 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4541 Mizuno cls. 6.29 1989 6.29 5.261 S/2015 (4541) 1 2015 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4607 Seilandfarm cls. 7.39 0.29+ 1987 7.1 3.9683 S/2009 (4607) 1 2009 2.06 19 31.632 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4666 Dietz cls. 6.83 0.34
1986 6.52 2.95242 S/2015 (4666) 1 2015 2.22+ 18 33.192 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
S/2015 (4666) 2 2015
4674 Pauling cls. 4.68 0.32 1989 4.46 2.521 S/2004 (4674) 1 2004 1.41 250 3120 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4765 Wasserburg cls. 1.78 0.16+ 1986 1.76 3.6231 S/2013 (4675) 1 2013 0.28 2.9 15.9696 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4786 Tatianina cls. 3.28 0.19+ 1985 3.22 2.9227 S/2006 (4786) 1 2006 0.61 6.6 21.6696 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4868 Knushevia cls. 1.535 0.13+ 1989 1.52 3.1422 S/2015 (4868) 1 2015 0.2+ 2.1 11.922 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
4951 Iwamoto cls. 5.52 0.76+ 1990 4.39 118.0 S/2007 (4951) 1 2007 3.34 31 118.0 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5112 Kusaji cls. 3.42 0.31 1987 3.27 2.7995 S/2016 (5112) 1 2016 1.01 7 20.74 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5402 Kejosmith cls. 4.19 0.18+ 1989 4.12 2.69549 S/2018 (5402) 1 2018 12 36.62 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5425 Vojtěch cls. 7.05 0.22 1984 6.89 2.64759 S/2015 (5425) 1 2015 1.52 16 25.4304 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5426 Sharp cls. 2.033 1985 2.033 4.5609 S/2014 (5426) 1 2014 4.5 24.2208 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5474 Gingasen cls. 5.05 1988 5.05 3.6242 S/2008 (5474) 1 2008 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5477 Holmes cls. 3.15 0.37 1989 2.95 2.9943 S/2005 (5477) 1 2005 1.09 6.7 24.43 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5481 Kiuchi cls. 7.92 0.33 1990 7.52 3.6196 S/2008 (5481) 1 2008 2.48 15 20.90 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5536 Honeycutt cls. 9.1 0.31 1955 8.7 3.583 S/2016 (5536) 1 2016 2.7 15 16.325 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5674 Wolff cls. 6.04 0.8+ 1986 4.72 93.7 S/2015 (5674) 1 2015 3.78+ 30 93.696 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5872 Sugano cls. 6.33 0.3+ 1989 6.06 3.3642 S/2016 (5872) 1 2016 1.82+ 11 18.84 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5899 Jedicke cls. 2.67 0.32+ 1986 2.54 2.748 S/2010 (5899) 1 2010 0.81 4.4 16.699 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
5905 Johnson cls. 4.79 0.40 1989 4.45 3.7824 S/2005 (5905) 1 2005 1.78 9.3 21.785 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6016 Carnelli cls. 3.53 0.2 1991 3.46 2.8028 S/2016 (6016) 1 2016 0.69 7 21.331 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6084 Bascom cls. 6.35 0.37 1985 5.96 2.745 S/2006 (6084) 1 2006 2.2 20 43.512 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6100 Kunitomoikkansai cls. 4.06 0.38+ 1991 3.8 4.3018 S/2016 (6100) 1 2016 1.44+ 7 18.46 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6181 Bobweber cls. 4.49 1986 4.49 2.75796 S/2008 (6181) 1 2008 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6186 Zenon cls. 6 0.28 1988 5.8 2.6832 S/2017 (6186) 1 2017 1.6 9.1 14.393 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6244 Okamoto cls. 6.89 0.25 1990 6.69 2.8958 S/2006 (6244) 1 2006 1.67 13 20.3208 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6245 Ikufumi cls. 8.1 0.23 1990 7.89 2.9222 S/2018 (6245) 1 2018 1.89 13 15.44 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(6265) 1985 TW3 cls. 4.95 0.24 1985 4.81 2.709 S/2007 (6265) 1 2007 1.16 8 15.8592 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(6369) 1983 UC cls. 5.17 0.35 1983 4.9 2.9 S/2013 (6369) 1 2013 1.7 15– 39.8 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6384 Kervin cls. 3.74 0.3+ 1989 3.6 3.6194 S/2015 (6384) 1 2015 1.1+ 6.1 15.94 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6615 Plutarchos cls. 3.14 0.25 1960 3.05 2.3247 S/2007 (6615) 1 2007 0.76 9.7 40.03 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
6708 Bobbievaile cls. 9.23 0.57+ 1989 8.02 8.221 S/2009 (6708) 1 2009 4.57 19 24.696 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
7187 Isobe cls. 6.05 0.17 1992 5.96 4.2427 S/2012 (7187) 1 2012 1.01 16 33.1 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
7225 Huntress cls. 6.68 0.21 1983 6.54 2.4400 S/2007 (7225) 1 2007 1.37 10 14.6712 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
7344 Summerfield cls. 6.25 1992 6.25 S/2017 (7344) 1 2017 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
7393 Luginbuhl cls. 5.47 0.4+ 1984 5.08 2.68763 S/2019 (7393) 1 2017 2.03+ 16 39.4224 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
7958 Leakey cls. 2.94 0.30 1994 2.82 2.34843 S/2012 (7958) 1 2012 0.85 10 50.28 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
8026 Johnmckay cls. 1.69 1991 1.69 372 S/2010 (8026) 1 2010 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
8077 Hoyle cls. 12 s/p 1986 12 2.7454 S/2000 (8077) 1 2000 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
8116 Jeanperrin cls. 4.77 0.33+ 1996 4.53 3.6169 S/2007 (8116) 1 2007 1.49 13 36.144 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
8306 Shoko cls. 3.46 0.40+ 1995 3.21 3.350 S/2013 (8306) 1 2013 1.28 9.4 36.192 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
8474 Rettig cls. 6 0.86+ 1985 4.5 30.54 S/2015 (8474) 1 2015 3.9+ 14 30.54 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
9069 Hovland cls. 3.13 0.30+ 1993 3 4.2175 S/2004 (9069) 1 2004 0.9 7.8 30.336 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
9260 Edwardolson cls. 4.12 0.27 1953 3.98 3.0852 S/2005 (9260) 1 2005 1.07 7.2 17.784 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
9617 Grahamchapman cls. 2.84 0.27 1993 2.74 2.2856 S/2006 (9617) 1 2006 0.74 5.2 19.3848 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
9783 Tensho-kan cls. 5.33 0.35 1994 5.1 2.9 S/2013 (9783) 1 2013 1.8 13– 29.568 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
9972 Minoruoda cls. 9.1 1993 S/2017 (9972) 1 2017 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
10123 Fideöja cls. 3.48 0.35 1993 3.3 2.87 S/2013 (10123) 1 2013 1.2 13– 56.448 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
10132 Lummelunda cls. 3.589 0.28+ 1993 3.46 2.5099 S/2017 (10132) 1 2017 0.97+ 7.3 22.44 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
10208 Germanicus cls. 3.55 0.46 1997 3.23 3.34825 S/2007 (10208) 1 2007 1.48 13 58.56 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(11217) 1999 JC4 cls. 3.3 1999 3.3 4.8219 S/2013 (11217) 1 2013 6.2 19.1712 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
11264 Claudiomaccone cls. 4.2 0.31+ 1979 4- 3.1872 S/2005 (11264) 1 2005 1.24+ 6 15.1104 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
11227 Ksenborisova cls. 2.6 1999 2.6 2.61679 S/2017 (11227) 1 2017 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
12326 Shirasaki cls. 3.8 0.24 1992 3.7 2.7286 S/2016 (12326) 1 2016 0.9 8.4 25.056 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
13123 Tyson cls. 10.87 1994 10.87 3.3303 S/2015 (12123) 1 2015 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
15268 Wendelinefroger cls. 3.97 0.27+ 1990 3.83 2.4224 S/2008 (15268) 1 2008 1.03 8.7 25.08 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(15430) 1998 UR31 cls. 3.74 1998 3.74 2.5273 S/2010 (15430) 1 2010 8.2 23.9592 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(15822) 1994 TV15 cls. 1.72 0.19+ 1994 1.69 2.96 S/2010 (15822) 1 2010 0.32 3.3 20.1312 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
16525 Shumarinaiko cls. 5.25 0.16+ 1991 5.18 2.5932 S/2013 (16525) 1 2013 0.83 8.1 14.4096 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
17246 Christophedumas cls. 4.61 0.222 2000 4.5 5+ S/2004 (17246) 1 2004 1 228 2160 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
17260 Kušnirák cls. 4.77 0.26 2000 4.62 3.1287 S/2006 (17260) 1 2006 1.2 7.4 14.7576 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(17700) 1997 GM40 cls. 3.45 0.31+ 1997 3.29 3.8382 S/2018 (17700) 1 2018 1.02+ 5.4 15.49 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(18527) 1996 VJ30 cls. 3.35 0.32 1996 3.19 3.3529 S/2018 (18527) 1 2018 1.02 6 19.07 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(18890) 2000 EV26 cls. 4 0.27+ 2000 3.86 3.8216 S/2014 (18890) 1 2014 1.04+ 6 14.2896 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
20325 Julianoey cls. 4.94 0.3 1998 4.73 3.24474 S/2014 (20325) 1 2014 1.42 10 23.5 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(20882) 2000 VH57 cls. 4.4 2000 4.4 2.5586 S/2018 (20882) 1 2018 12 32.810 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
21436 Chaoyichi cls. 1.95 s/p 1998 1.8 2.87 S/2014 (21436) 1 2014 0.6 0.35 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
22899 Alconrad cls. 5.68 0.222 1999 5.54 4.03 S/2003 (22899) 1 2003 1.23 182 1344 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(24465) 2000 SX155 cls. 3.18 0.22+ 2000 3.1 2.66087 S/2016 (24465) 1 2016 0.68 3.6 9.252 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(25015) 1998 QN2 cls. 2.899 1998 2.9 S/2016 (25015) 1 2018 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(26416) 1999 XM84 cls. 4.56 1999 4.56 2.907 S/2015 (26416) 1 2015 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(27568) 2000 PT6 cls. 1.82 s/p 2000 1.82 3.4885 S/2013 (26578) 1 2013 3.1 16.356 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(27675) 1981 CH cls. 5.09 1981 5.09 S/2017 (27675) 1 2017 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
31450 Stevepreston cls. 10.62 0.22 1999 10.4 3.4116 S/2015 (31450) 1 2015 2.3 39 53.47 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
32008 Adriángalád cls. 4.56 0.4+ 2000 4.23 3.0171 S/2007 (32008) 1 2007 1.69 13 40.25 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(43008) 1999 UD31 cls. 2.5 0.35 1999 2.4 2.9 S/2014 (43008) 1 2014 0.8 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(44620) 1999 RS43 cls. 2.62 0.35 1999 0.66 2.9 S/2014 (44620) 1 2014 0.2 2 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
46829 McMahon cls. 3.3 0.4 1998 3.06 2.6236 S/2015 (46829) 1 2015 1.22 5.4 16.833 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
52316 Daveslater cls. 3.3 0.16+ 1992 3.26 2.7629 S/2012 (52316) 1 2012 0.52 4.9 13.44 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(69406) 1995 SX48 cls. 3.18 0.19+ 1995 3.12 4.486 S/2013 (69406) 1 2013 0.59 5.3 16.11 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(76818) 2000 RG79 cls. 3.84 0.37 2000 3.6 3.166 S/2005 (76818) 1 2005 1.33 5.6 14.12 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
79472 Chiorny cls. 3.79 0.32 1998 3.79 2.8802 S/2012 (79472) 1 2012 9 25.94 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(80218) 1999 VO123 cls. 1.58 0.3 1999 0.28 2.9 S/2012 (80218) 1 2012 0.08 0.9 33.1 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB
(300163) 2006 VW139 cls. 2.6 1 2006 1.8 S/2011 (300163) 1 2011 1.8 104 3360 BIN JPL
LoMP LCDB

to summary  

The following binaries are double asteroids, with similarly-sized components, and a barycenter outside of the larger object.

  1. 90 Antiope — S/2000 (90) 1
  2. 854 Frostia — S/2004 (854) 1
  3. 1313 Berna — S/2004 (1313) 1
  4. 2478 Tokai — S/2007 (2478) 1
  5. 3169 Ostro — S/2005 (3169) 1
  6. 3749 Balam — S/2002 (3749) 1
  7. 3905 Doppler — S/2013 (3905) 1
  8. 4674 Pauling — S/2004 (4674) 1
  9. 4951 Iwamoto — S/2007 (4951) 1
  10. 5674 Wolff — S/2015 (5674) 1
  11. 8474 Rettig — S/2015 (8474) 1
  12. 17246 Christophedumas — S/2004 (17246) 1
  13. (300163) 2006 VW139 — S/2011 (300163) 1

In addition, these bodies might be double asteroids, but due to errors in their size and orbit, it is uncertain.

  1. 809 Lundia — S/2005 (809) 1
  2. 1089 Tama — S/2003 (1089) 1
  3. 1509 Esclangona — S/2003 (1509) 1
  4. 4492 Debussy — S/2004 (4492) 1
  5. 11264 Claudiomaccone — S/2003 (11264) 1
  6. 22899 Alconrad — S/2003 (22899) 1

Jupiter trojansEdit

There are 5 Jupiter trojans with a moon.[1] Candidate binaries with an unconfirmed status are displayed on a dark background.[21]

System Primary Secondary Refs
Designation Class De
(km)
s/p-ratio YOD Dp
(km)
RTp
(hours)
Designation YOD Ds
(km)
as
(km)
Ps
(hours)
617 Patroclus L5 145 0.924 1906 106 102.79 Menoetius (Patroclus I) 2001 98 680 102.792 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
624 Hektor L4 250 0.048 1907 184 6.921 Skamandrios (Hektor I) 2006 12 957.5 71.162 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
16974 Iphthime L4 57.3 0.767 1998 45.5 78.9 S/2013 (16974) 1 2013 34.9 179 78.96 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(17365) 1978 VF11 L5 42.6 0.843 1978 32.6 12.672 S/2005 (17365) 1 2005 27.5 43 12.672 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
29314 Eurydamas L5 40 0.737 1994 32 15.035 S/2005 (29314) 1 2005 24 41 15.036 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB

to summary  

CentaursEdit

There are only 2 centaurs with satellites, both of which are ring systems instead of moons.[1]

Name Diameter (km)
(or dimensions)
Name of moon Diameter of moon (km)
(or dimensions)
Separation (km) Orbital period (hours) Refs
10199 Chariklo 248±18 rings 2013C1R 6.3±0.11 390.6±3.3 16.65– BIN JPL LoMP[22]
2013C2R 3.4±0.14 404.8±3.3 17.56?
2060 Chiron 233±14 rings ring 1 3 324±10 33.84 Unconf. JPL LoMP
ring 2 7

to summary  

Trans-Neptunian objectsEdit

There are 87 trans-Neptunian objects known to have moons,[1] with a total of 93 moons discovered. Candidate binaries with an unconfirmed status are displayed on a dark background.[21]

System Primary Secondary Refs
Designation Class De
(km)
s/p-ratio YOD Dp
(km)
RTp
(hours)
Designation YOD Ds
(km)
as
(km)
Ps
(days)
(26308) 1998 SM165 PLU 280 0.302 1998 268 8.4 S/2001 (26308) 1 2001 81 11377 130.158 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
38628 Huya PLU 458 0.525 2000 406 5.28 S/2012 (38628) 1 2012 213 1740 3.2 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
42355 Typhon SDO 185 0.55 2002 162 9.67 Echidna (Typhon I) 2006 89 1580 18.982 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
47171 Lempo PLU 393 0.486
0.927
1999 272 45.763 Paha (Lempo I) 2001 132 7411 50.3 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
Hiisi (Lempo II) 2007 251 867 1.907
(48639) 1995 TL8 SDO 194 0.457 1995 176 S/2002 (48639) 1 2002 80 420 1.4 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
50000 Quaoar CUB 1074 0.076 2002 1070 8.839 Weywot (Quaoar I) 2006 81 13800 12.26 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(55637) 2002 UX25 CUB 697 0.316 2002 665 14.382 S/2007 (55637) 1 2007 210 4770 8.309 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
58534 Logos CUB 106 0.766 1997 82 Zoe (Logos I) 2001 67 8217 309.87 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(60458) 2000 CM114 SDO 211 0.769 2000 167 S/2006 (60458) 1 2006 128 2200 15 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(60621) 2000 FE8 2:5 183 0.759 2000 146 S/2007 (60621) 1 2007 111 1180 7.5 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
65489 Ceto SDO 281 0.764 2003 223 4.43 Phorcys (Ceto I) 2006 171 1840 9.554 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
66652 Borasisi CUB 163 0.817 1999 126 6.4 Pabu (Borasisi I) 2003 103 4528 46.2888 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
79360 Sila–Nunam CUB 343 0.944 1997 249 300.2388 Nunam 2002 236 2777 12.51 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(80806) 2000 CM105 CUB 201 0.759 2000 160 S/2005 (80806) 1 2002 121 2700 23 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(82075) 2000 YW134 3:8 229 0.347 2000 216 S/2005 (82075) 1 2002 75 1900 10 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(82157) 2001 FM185 CUB 183 0.867 2001 138 S/2008 (82157) 1 2008 120 3130 33 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
88611 Teharonhiawako CUB 220 0.724 2001 178 9.505 Sawiskera (Teharonhiawako I) 2001 129 27670 828.76 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
90482 Orcus PLU 958 0.31 2004 917 13.18841 Vanth (Orcus I) 2005 276 9006 9.539 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(119067) 2001 KP76 CUB 211 0.955 2001 153 S/2007 (119067) 1 2007 146 8900 130 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(119979) 2002 WC19 1:2 461 0.316 2002 440 S/2007 (119979) 1 2006 139 4090 8.403 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
120347 Salacia CUB 901 0.344 2004 854 6.5 Actaea (Salacia I) 2006 286 5619 5.4938 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(123509) 2000 WK183 CUB 146 0.951 2000 106 S/2007 (123509) 1 2005 101 2366 30.917 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
134340 Pluto PLU 2666 0.511
0.018
0.016
0.012
0.0025
1930 2380 153.2935 Charon (Pluto I) 1978 1212 19573 6.3872 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
Nix (Pluto II) 2005 43 48694 24.8546
Hydra (Pluto III) 2005 38 64738 38.2018
Kerberos (Pluto IV) 2011 9 57783 32.1676
Styx (Pluto V) 2012 6 42656 20.1616
(134860) 2000 OJ67 CUB 175 0.783 2000 138 S/2003 (134860) 1 2003 108 2270 22.0584 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
136108 Haumea HAU 1425 0.232
0.116
2003 1379 3.9154 Hiʻiaka (Haumea I) 2005 320 49880 49.462 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
Namaka (Haumea II) 2005 160 25657 18.2783
136199 Eris SDO 2380 0.301 2003 2326 378.6 Dysnomia (Eris I) 2005 700 37460 15.7859 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
136472 Makemake CUB 1440 0.122 2005 1430 7.771 S/2015 (136472) 1 2015 175 21100+ 12.4 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(139775) 2001 QG298 PLU 179 0.867 2001 135 13.7744 S/2004 (139775) 1 2003 117 172 0.5739 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
148780 Altjira CUB 331 0.899 2001 246 S/2007 (148780) 1 2006 221 9904 139.56 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(160091) 2000 OL67[citation needed] CUB 192 0.759 2000 153 S/2007 (160091) 1 2007 116 7800 120 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(160256) 2002 PD149 CUB 242 0.832 2002 186 S/2007 (160256) 1 2007 155 24400 470 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
174567 Varda CUB 792 0.513 2003 705 5.91 Ilmarë (Varda I) 2009 361 4800 5.7508 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(182933) 2002 GZ31 SDO 231 0.631 2002 195 S/2006 (182933) 1 2006 123 2060 12 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(208996) 2003 AZ84 PLU 727 0.1 2003 723 13.44 S/2005 (208996) 1 2005 72 7200 12 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(225088) 2007 OR10 3:10 1535 0.2 2007 1535 44.81 S/2010 (225088) 1 2010 300 15000 6 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
229762 Gǃkúnǁʼhòmdímà SDO 599 0.175 2007 590 11.05 Gǃòʼé ǃHú (229762 Gǃkúnǁʼhòmdímà I) 2008 103 3600 5.9 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(275809) 2001 QY297 CUB 229 0.912 2001 169 11.68 S/2006 (275809) 1 2006 154 9960 138.11 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(303712) 2005 PR21 CUB 265 0.603 2005 227 S/2007 (303712) 1 2007 137 3600 22 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
341520 Mors-Somnus PLU 141 0.955 2007 102 9.28 S/2007 (341520) 1 2007 97 21040 971.7 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(364171) 2006 JZ81 CUB 145 0.637 2006 122 S/2006 (364171) 1 2006 78 33000 1500 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
385446 Manwë 4:7 185 0.58 2003 160 Thorondor (Manwë I) 2006 92 6674 110.176 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(469420) 2001 XP254 3:5 133 0.711 2001 108 S/2008 (2001 XP254) 1 2008 77 1200 12 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(469505) 2003 FE128 1:2 221 0.735 2003 178 5.85 S/2010 (2003 FE128) 1 2010 131 2140 14 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(469514) 2003 QA91 CUB 260 0.955 2003 188 S/2006 (2003 QA91) 1 2006 180 1900 9.1 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
469705 ǂKá̦gára CUB 174 0.762 2005 138 9.65 ǃHãunu (ǂKá̦gára I) 2009 105 7700 128.11 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(508788) 2000 CQ114 CUB 175 0.871 2000 132 S/2003 (2000 CQ114) 1 2003 115 6930 220.7 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(508869) 2002 VT130 CUB 324 0.817 2002 251 S/2008 (2002 VT130) 1 2008 205 2490 9.8 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
(523624) 2008 CT190 SDO 350 0.83 2008 270 S/2012 (2008 CT190) 1 2012 220 1300 3.3 BIN JPL LoMP LCDB
1998 WV24 CUB 146 0.871 1998 110 S/2007 (1998 WV24) 1 2007 96 1420 14 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
1998 WW31 CUB 192 0.833 1998 148 S/2000 (1998 WW31) 1 2000 123 22620 587.3 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
1999 OJ4 CUB 104 0.96 1999 75 S/2002 (1999 OJ4) 1 2002 72 3267 84.12 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
1999 RT214 CUB 121 0.689 1999 100 S/2006 (1999 RT214) 1 2006 69 3310 64 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
1999 RY214 CUB 146 0.605 1999 125 S/2008 (1999 RY214) 1 2008 76 1500 15 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
1999 XY143 CUB 278 0.839 1999 213 S/2008 (1999 XY143) 1 2008 179 2670 14 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2000 CF105 CUB 81 0.78 2000 63.6 S/2002 (2000 CF105) 1 2002 50 33300 3989 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2000 QL251 1:2 206 0.967 2000 148 S/2006 (2000 QL251) 1 2006 143 5002 56.451 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2000 WT169 CUB 265 0.82 2000 205 S/2008 (2000 WT169) 1 2008 168 2600 14 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2001 FL185 CUB 167 0.617 2001 142 S/2006 (2001 FL185) 1 2006 88 1900 17 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2001 QC298 CUB 303 0.817 2001 235 7.78 S/2002 (2001 QC298) 1 2002 192 3813 19.23 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2001 QQ322 CUB 231 0.912 2001 171 S/2007 (2001 QQ322) 1 2007 156 3890 32 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2001 QW322 CUB 180 0.986 2001 128 S/2001 (2001 QW322) 1 2001 126 102100 6280 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2001 RZ143 CUB 140 0.832 2001 108 S/2001 (2001 RZ143) 1 2001 90 1560 17 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2001 XR254 CUB 221 0.826 2001 171 S/2005 (2001 XR254) 1 2006 140 9310 125.58 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2002 VF130 CUB 160 0.867 2002 121 S/2008 (2002 VF130) 1 2008 105 22400 760 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2002 XH91 CUB 350 0.619 2002 298 S/2008 (2002 XH91) 1 2008 185 19900 190 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2003 HG57 CUB 221 1 2003 156 S/2010 (2003 HG57) 1 2010 156 13200 210 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2003 QY90 CUB 114 0.986 2003 81 3.4 S/2003 (2003 QY90) 1 2003 80 8549 309.7 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2003 QR91 CUB 280 0.912 2003 207 S/2007 (2003 QR91) 1 2007 189 1790 7.5 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2003 TJ58 CUB 83 0.787 2003 65 S/2006 (2003 TJ58) 1 2006 51 3840 137.68 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2003 UN284 CUB 149 0.667 2003 124 S/2003 (2003 UN284) 1 2003 83 54000 3180 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2003 WU188 CUB 220- 0.724 2003 178 S/2007 (2003 WU188) 1 2007 129 1300 6.5 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2003 YS179 CUB 167 0.871 2003 126 S/2008 (2003 YS179) 1 2008 110 7830 150 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2003 YU179 CUB 167 0.55 2003 146 S/2008 (2003 YU179) 1 2008 80 2000 18 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2004 KB19 PLU 146 0.95 2004 105 S/2012 (2004 KB19) 1 2012 100 3400 53 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2004 KH19 CUB 221 0.721 2004 179 S/2011 (2004 KH19) 1 2011 129 13000 210 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2004 PB108 CUB 277 0.544 2004 243 S/2006 (2004 PB108) 1 2006 132 10400 97.02 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2005 EO304 CUB 171 0.513 2005 152.4 S/2005 (2005 EO304) 1 2005 78 69800 3579 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2005 GD187 CUB 160 0.832 2005 123 S/2009 (2005 GD187) 1 2009 102 7600 150 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2005 VZ122 CUB 133 0.398 2005 124 S/2008 (2005 VZ122) 1 2008 49 2300 30 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2006 BR284 CUB 114 0.794 2006 89.8 S/2006 (2006 BR284) 1 2006 71 25300 1501 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2006 CH69 CUB 129 0.817 2006 100 S/2004 (2006 CH69) 1 2004 82 27000 1420 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2006 SF369 1:3 201 0.977 2006 144 S/2007 (2006 SF369) 1 2007 141 3120 28 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2013 FY27 SDO 765 0.25 2013 740 S/2018 (2013 FY27) 1 2018 190 9800 15 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2014 LQ28 CUB 320 0.83 2014 250 S/2016 (2014 LQ28) 1 2016 210 24000 290 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
2015 QL14 CUB 180 0.9 2015 130 S/2017 (2015 QL14) 1 2017 120 52000 2300 BIN JPL uTNO LCDB
HST5 190 1 2005 135 n.a. 2005 135 16400 1000 BIN

to summary  

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Johnston, Wm. Robert (3 February 2019). "Asteroids with Satellites". Johnston's Archive. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b William J. Merline; Maria Martinez (26 October 2000). "Astronomers Image Double Asteroid". SwRI Press Release. Retrieved 27 November 2018. (mentions both 90 Antiope and 762 Pulcova)
  3. ^ Dunham, David W.; Maley, Paul D. (December 1977). "Possible Observation of a Satellite of a Minor Planet". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 5: 16–17. Bibcode:1977MPBu....5...16D.
  4. ^ "Satellites and Companions of Minor Planets". IAU / Minor Planet Center. 17 September 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  5. ^ "90 Antiope: Raw Keck Image". SWrI Press Release. August 2000. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  6. ^ "IAUC 8732: S/2006 (624) 1". Central Bureau for Astronomical Telegrams. 21 July 2006. Retrieved 26 November 2018. (Satellite Discovery)
  7. ^ Dunham, David W. (December 1978). "Satellite of Minor Planet 532 Herculina Discovered During Occultation". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 6: 13–14. Bibcode:1978MPBu....6...13D. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  8. ^ Storrs, Alex; Weiss, Ben; Zellner, Ben; Burleson, Win; Sichitiu, Rukmini; Wells, Eddie; et al. (February 1999). "Imaging Observations of Asteroids with Hubble Space Telescope" (PDF). Icarus. 137 (2): 260–268. Bibcode:1999Icar..137..260S. doi:10.1006/icar.1999.6047. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Astronomers Discover Moon Orbiting Asteroid". SwRI. 1998. Retrieved 2 January 2019. (Eugenia AO image)
  10. ^ Merline, W. J. (2001). "IAUC 7741: 2001fc; S/2001 (617) 1; C/2001 T1, C/2001 T2".
  11. ^ Chiang, E.; Lithwick, Y.; Buie, M.; Grundy, W.; Holman, M.; A Brief History of Trans-Neptunian Space, to appear in Protostars and Planets V (August 2006) Final preprint on arXiv
  12. ^ Daniel W. E. Green (11 August 2005). "IAUC 8582: Sats OF (87)". International Astronomical Union Circular. Retrieved 8 January 2011.
  13. ^ Daniel W. E. Green (7 March 2007). "IAUC 8817: S/2004 (45) 1". International Astronomical Union Circular. Retrieved 8 January 2011.
  14. ^ Franck Marchis (Principal Investigator, SETI Institute, UC Berkeley). "Franck Marchis Web Page". Department of Astronomy (University of California at Berkeley). Archived from the original on 10 November 2007. Retrieved 27 October 2009.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  15. ^ Franck Marchis (Principal Investigator, SETI Institute, UC Berkeley) (19 September 2008). "Two Companions Found Near Dog-Bone Asteroid". SETI Institute. Retrieved 26 October 2009.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ Franck Marchis (21 August 2009). "The discovery of a new triple asteroid – (93) Minerva". Cosmic Diary Blog. Archived from the original on 9 June 2012. Retrieved 27 October 2009.
  17. ^ a b Noll, Keith S. "Solar System binaries", Asteroids, Comets, Meteors, Proceedings of the 229th Symposium of the IAU, Rio de Janeiro, 2005, Cambridge University Press, 2006., pp. 301–318 Preprint
  18. ^ T. Michałowski; et al. (2004). "Eclipsing binary asteroid 90 Antiope". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 423 (3): 1159. Bibcode:2004A&A...423.1159M. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20040449.
  19. ^ Santos-Sanz, P.; et al. (2012). ""TNOs are Cool": A Survey of the Transneptunian Region IV. Size/albedo characterization of 15 scattered disk and detached objects observed with Herschel Space Observatory-PACS". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 541: A92. arXiv:1202.1481. Bibcode:2012A&A...541A..92S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201118541.
  20. ^ Marchis, F.; Baek, M.; Berthier, J.; Descamps, P.; et al. (2008). "Multiple Asteroid Systems: New Techniques to Study New Worlds" (PDF). Lunar and Planetary Institute. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
  21. ^ a b c d e Johnston, Wm. Robert (30 September 2018). "Asteroids/TNOs with Satellites list by type and presumed level of confirmation". Johnston's Archive. Retrieved 11 December 2018.
  22. ^ Braga-Ribas, F.; Sicardy, B.; Ortiz, J. L.; Snodgrass, C.; Roques, F.; Vieira-Martins, R.; et al. (April 2014). "A ring system detected around the Centaur (10199) Chariklo" (PDF). Nature. 508 (7494): 72–75. arXiv:1409.7259. Bibcode:2014Natur.508...72B. doi:10.1038/nature13155. Retrieved 11 October 2017.

External linksEdit