Ying Ruocheng (simplified Chinese: 英若诚; traditional Chinese: 英若誠; pinyin: Yīng Ruòchéng; June 21, 1929 - December 27, 2003) was a Chinese actor, director, playwright and vice minister of culture from 1986 to 1990. He first came to the attention of Western audiences for his portrayal of Kublai Khan in the 1982 miniseries Marco Polo. He is best known for playing the part of the governor of the detention camp in the Bernardo Bertolucci's film The Last Emperor, and the role of the Tibetan Buddhist Lama Norbu in Little Buddha. He is also well known as a theater translator, director, and actor for the Beijing People's Art Theatre, particularly for his role as Pockmark Liu in Lao She's masterpiece "Teahouse" and as Willy Loman in "Death of a Salesman" in 1983, directed by Arthur Miller (Ying also translated the script).
|Vice-Minister of Culture|
|Born||June 21, 1929|
|Died||December 27, 2003 (aged 74)|
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
|Relations||Ying Lianzhi (grandfather)|
Aisin Gioro Shuzhong (grandmother)
|Alma mater||Tsinghua University|
|Occupation||Politician, director, actor, playwright|
|Awards||Ramon Magsaysay Award (1998)|
Ying was born in Beijing into a Manchu family. He studied in a church school in Tianjin in his early years, and later graduated from the Department of Foreign Languages of Tsinghua University. He was forced into the provinces to perform manual labor during the Cultural Revolution.
Ying is the author of a memoir, co-authored by Claire Conceison, "Voices Carry: Behind Bars and Backstage During China's Revolution and Reform" (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2009).
Ying died on December 27, 2003, at the age of 74.
His father Ying Qianli (英千里; 1900–1969) was a professor at National Taiwan University and Fu Jen Catholic University. His mother Cai Baozhen (蔡葆真) was president of Beijing Children's Library. His grandfather Ying Lianzhi (英敛之; 1867–1926) was the founder of Takungpao and Fu Jen Catholic University. His grandmother Aisin Gioro Shuzhong (爱新觉罗·淑仲) was a member of the Qing dynasty royal family and therefore related to Puyi the last Emperor of China. His maternal grandfather Cai Rukai (蔡儒楷; 1867–1923) was president of National Beiyang University.
|1964||Baiqiuen dai fu||Secretary Tong|
|1981||Zhi yin||Yuan Shikai|
|1982||Marco Polo||Kublai Khan||TV mini-series|
|1987||The Last Emperor||Governor of Detention Center|
|1993||Little Buddha||Lama Norbu|