Yasadipura II

Tumenggung Sastronagoro also known as Yasadipura II (1760 – 21 April 1844) was a poet from the Kasunan Surakarta kingdom who worked during the reign of Pakubuwana IV to Pakubuwana VII.[1][2]

Yasadipura II
Born1760
Died21 April 1844
Other names
  • Tumenggung Sastronagoro
  • Raden Ngabehi Yasadipura II
Known forPoet

BiographyEdit

Tumenggung Sastronagoro inherited the pseudonym Yasadipura II from his father, Yasadipura I, who died in 1802. In addition, Sastronagoro also had the title Mas Pajangwasistho, because he was a descendant of the kings of the Pajang Sultanate. The most famous of his literary works is Serat Babat Pakepung, a historical document about the siege of the Surakarta palace by a combination of VOC, Yogyakarta and Mangkunegaran troops in 1790.[3]

Yasadipura II was the grandfather of Ranggawarsita, the next great Surakarta poet. As a child, Ranggawarsita was spoiled by Yasadipura II, so that his grandson grew up to be a naughty child and liked to gamble. However thanks, to the training of Yasadipura II's best friend, Kyai Imam Besari from Ponorogo, Ranggawarsita's bad character changed.[citation needed]

In 1845, a year after the death of Yasadipura II, Ranggawarsita was appointed poet of the Surakarta palace in his place.

NoteEdit

In fact, the title Ranggawarsita was first used by Sastronagoro, in addition to the title Yasadipura II. Then the title Ranggawarsita II was used by his son, namely Mas pajangswara, who worked as a palace clerk. Meanwhile, the title Ranggawarsita III was used by Mas pajangswara's son or Yasadipura II's grandson, who was none other than the next great poet, who became known as Ranggawarsita only.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Serat Nitisari Karya Raden Ngabehi Yasadipura II". A Study of Moral Virtues in Javanese Culture, accessed on 19 August 2014
  2. ^ Martin van Bruinessen (2013). Contemporary Developments in Indonesian Islam: Explaining the "conservative Turn". Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 192. ISBN 978-981-4414-56-2.
  3. ^ Nancy K. Florida (6 August 2018). Javanese Literature in Surakarta Manuscripts: Introduction and Manuscripts of the Karaton Surakarta. Cornell University Press. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-5017-2157-1.
  4. ^ "Serat Sasanasunu Karya Kyai Yasadipura II". Archived 12 September 2020

LiteraturEdit

  • Andjar Any. 1980. Raden Ngabehi Ranggawarsita, What Happened? Semarang: Various Sciences.
  • Purwadi. 2007. History of the e of Java. Yogyakarta: Media Science.