The Duchy of Mangkunegaran (Indonesian: Kadipaten Mangkunegaran) is a small Javanese princely state located within the region of Surakarta in Indonesia. It was established in 1757 by Raden Mas Said, when he submitted his army to Pakubuwono III in February, and swore allegiance to the rulers of Surakarta, Yogyakarta, and the Dutch East Indies Company, and was given an appanage of 4000 households.
Duchy of Mangkunegaran
|Government||Absolute monarchy (until 1945)|
Constitutional monarchy within the unitary presidential republic (from 1945)
• Treaty of Salatiga
• Integration with Indonesia
a. Prince Mangkunegara I
b. Prince Mangkunegara IX; Mangkunegaran integration with Indonesia.
The Palace of the rulers of Mangkunegaran was established by Raden Mas Said who signed a treaty with the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1757. By virtue of the treaty, he became the ruler of a part of Eastern Mataram and was henceforth known as Mangkunegara I. Known as Pura Mangkunegaran, the palace is located in the center of the city of Solo.
List of rulersEdit
- Mangkunegara I (Raden Mas Said), 1757–1796
- Mangkunegara II (Raden Mas Sulama), 1796–1835
- Mangkunegara III, 1835–1853
- Mangkunegara IV, 1853–1881
- Mangkunegara V, 1881–1896
- Mangkunegara VI, 1896–1916
- Mangkunegara VII, 1916–1944
- Mangkunegara VIII, 1944–1987
- Mangkunegara IX, 1987–2021
- Mangkunegara X, 2022–present
- ^ M.C. Ricklefs, A History of Modern Indonesia Since c. 1300, 2nd ed., Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994, 97
- ^ BOL - Mangkunegara I