The Duchy of Mangkunegaran (Indonesian: Kadipaten Mangkunegaran) is a small Javanese princely state located within the region of Surakarta in Indonesia. It was established in 1757 by Raden Mas Said, when he submitted his army to Pakubuwono III in February, and swore allegiance to the rulers of Surakarta, Yogyakarta, and the Dutch East Indies Company, and was given an appanage of 4000 households.[1]

Duchy of Mangkunegaran
  • Kadipaten Mangkunegaran
  • ꦏꦢꦶꦥꦠꦺꦤ꧀ꦩꦁꦏꦸꦤꦒꦫꦤ꧀
Flag of Mangkunegaran
Emblem (Surya Sumirat) of Mangkunegaran
(Surya Sumirat)
The realm of Surakarta Sunanate (red) and Yogyakarta Sultanate (green) in 1830
The realm of Surakarta Sunanate (red) and Yogyakarta Sultanate (green) in 1830
Common languagesJavanese
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy (until 1945)
Constitutional monarchy within the unitary presidential republic (from 1945)
Duke (Adipati) 
• 1757–1795
Mangkunegara Ia
• 1795–1835
Mangkunegara IIa
• 1916–1944
Mangkunegara VIIb
• 1987–2021
Mangkunegara IX
• 2022–present
Mangkunegara X
• Treaty of Salatiga
• Integration with Indonesia
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Surakarta Sunanate
Special Region of Surakarta
a. Prince Mangkunegara I
b. Prince Mangkunegara IX; Mangkunegaran integration with Indonesia.
Pura Mangkunegaran
Mangkunegaran coat of arms flanked by European-style cherubins and dvarapala face below

The Palace of the rulers of Mangkunegaran was established by Raden Mas Said who signed a treaty with the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1757. By virtue of the treaty, he became the ruler of a part of Eastern Mataram and was henceforth known as Mangkunegara I. Known as Pura Mangkunegaran, the palace is located in the center of the city of Solo.[2]

List of rulersEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ M.C. Ricklefs, A History of Modern Indonesia Since c. 1300, 2nd ed., Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994, 97
  2. ^ BOL - Mangkunegara I

External linksEdit