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Yap State is one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). The other states are Kosrae State, Pohnpei State, and Chuuk State.

Yap State
State
Flag of Yap
Flag
Official seal of Yap State
Seal
Map of Yap State
Map of Yap State
Coordinates: 9°32′N 138°07′E / 9.533°N 138.117°E / 9.533; 138.117Coordinates: 9°32′N 138°07′E / 9.533°N 138.117°E / 9.533; 138.117
CountryFederated States of Micronesia
CapitalColonia
Government
 • GovernorHenry Falan
Area
 • Total119.54 km2 (46.15 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total11,377
 • Density95/km2 (250/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeFM-YAP
Websitewww.yapstategov.org

Colonia is the capital of Yap State, which administers both the Yap Main Islands and the island of Satawal, as well as fourteen atolls reaching to the east and south for some 800 km (500 mi), namely (municipalities in bold) Eauripik, Elato, Fais, Faraulep, Gaferut, Ifalik, Lamotrek, Ngulu, Olimarao, Piagailoe (West Fayu), Pikelot, Sorol, Ulithi, and Woleai. The outer islands and atolls reach to the east and south from the Yap Main Islands for some 800 km (500 mi (see map). Historically, a tributary system existed between the Neighboring Islands and the Yap Main Islands. This probably related to the need for goods from the high islands, including food, as well as wood for construction of seagoing vessels.

In 2000 the population of Colonia and ten other municipalities totalled 11,241. The state has a total land area of 102 km2 (39 sq mi).[1]

HistoryEdit

The state was once the Yap District of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.

GeographyEdit

Yap State is the westernmost state of the FSM. To the east from near to far are Chuuk State, Pohnpei State, and Kosrae State.

LanguagesEdit

Yap State has five official languages: English, Ulithian, Woleaian, Satawalese and Yapese.[2]

DemographicsEdit

The 2000 population was 7,391.

MunicipalitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

The current governor of Yap is Henry Falan.[4]

Yap has a group of chiefs known as the Council of Pilung and the Council of Tamol, who regulate cultural issues.[5]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Yap
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
35
(95)
35
(95)
34
(94)
34
(93)
36
(96)
34
(94)
34
(94)
34
(94)
36
(96)
36
(96)
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
30.2
(86.4)
31.1
(88.0)
31.2
(88.2)
30.9
(87.6)
30.7
(87.3)
30.6
(87.1)
30.8
(87.4)
30.9
(87.6)
30.9
(87.6)
30.4
(86.7)
30.7
(87.3)
30.7
(87.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
26.9
(80.4)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.3
(81.1)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
27.2
(81.0)
27.3
(81.1)
27.1
(80.8)
27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
Average low °C (°F) 23.5
(74.3)
23.5
(74.3)
24.0
(75.2)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.4
(74.1)
23.4
(74.1)
23.5
(74.3)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
Record low °C (°F) 19
(67)
19
(66)
19
(66)
19
(67)
18
(65)
19
(66)
18
(65)
19
(66)
19
(66)
17
(63)
18
(65)
17
(63)
17
(63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 186
(7.33)
152
(5.98)
151
(5.96)
146
(5.76)
230
(9.06)
322
(12.69)
369
(14.54)
386
(15.20)
343
(13.51)
304
(11.97)
230
(9.07)
228
(8.99)
3,050
(120.06)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 16.8 13.4 13.7 12.6 17.1 20.2 21.2 20.9 19.3 20.1 18.7 17.6 211.6
Average relative humidity (%) 82 81 80 79 81 83 84 84 84 84 83 83 82
Mean monthly sunshine hours 210.8 211.9 251.1 255.0 244.9 201.0 189.1 176.7 180.0 170.5 192.0 198.4 2,481.4
Source #1: Weatherbase[6]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory (sun, precipitation 1961–1990)[7]

EconomyEdit

Yap has a relatively small tourism industry, with the Yap Visitors Bureau reporting only 4,000 annual visitors since 2010.[5] China's Exhibition & Travel Group (ETG) has announced plans to develop a 4,000-unit resort on the island.[5]

TransportationEdit

EducationEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "FSM Population". Fsmgov.org. Archived from the original on 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2012-06-15.
  2. ^ "Yap, Federated States of Micronesia". Pacific Resources for Education and Learning. Retrieved 2006-10-24.
  3. ^ Census 1987 with village population figures
  4. ^ "Yap State Leaders 2019".
  5. ^ a b c Lin, Daniel (15 August 2017). "This Pacific Island Is Caught in a Global Power Struggle (And It's Not Guam)". 'National Geographic'.
  6. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Yap, Federated States of Micronesia". Weatherbase. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  7. ^ "Climatological Information for Yap, Pacific Islands, United States". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
  8. ^ "Higher Education in the Federated States of Micronesia." Embassy of the Federated States of Micronesia Washington DC. Retrieved on 23 February 2018.
  9. ^ "ABOUT YCHS." Yap Catholic High School. Retrieved on 22 February 2018.

External linksEdit