Yagub Mammadov (politician)

Yagub Javad oglu Mammadov (Azerbaijani: Yaqub Cavad oğlu Məmmədov / Jагуб Ҹавад оғлу Мәммәдов; born 3 March 1941), also Jacob Mammadov in English (Azerbaijani: Yaqub Məmmədov / Jагуб Мәммәдов), was the acting President of Azerbaijan from 6 March to 14 May and from 18 to 19 May 1992. Mammadov is currently an opposition politician, professor and scientist.

Yagub Mammadov
President of Azerbaijan
In office
6 March 1992 – 14 May 1992
Prime MinisterHasan Hasanov
Firuz Mustafayev
Preceded byAyaz Mutallibov
Succeeded byAyaz Mutallibov
Speaker of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan
In office
5 March 1992 – 18 May 1992
Preceded byElmira Gafarova
Succeeded byIsa Gambar
Personal details
Born (1941-03-03) 3 March 1941 (age 80)
Aliismailly, Gadabay Rayon, Azerbaijan SSR
Political partyIndependent

Early lifeEdit

Mammadov was born on 3 March 1941 in Ali-Ismailli village of Gadabay rayon of Azerbaijan. He graduated from the pediatrics faculty of Azerbaijan Medical University. Mammadov is a professor at Azerbaijan Medical University, delivering lectures on pathophysiology since 1966. His scientific researches include but are not limited to a study of fundamental problems of lymphology. Mammadov has 370 scientific publications.[1]

Political careerEdit

In the midst of political turmoil in Azerbaijan, Yaqub Mammadov, then the rector of Azerbaijan Medical University, was elected the Speaker of National Assembly of Azerbaijan on 5 March during the extraordinary session of the parliament related to the Khojaly Massacre of Azerbaijani civilians in Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan after the speaker of the parliament, Elmira Gafarova resigned from her post.[2] On 6 March, President Ayaz Mutalibov was forced to resign and according to the Azerbaijani constitution of the period, speaker of the parliament, Yagub Mammadov assumed the presidential duties and responsibilities until the new elections.[3][4] While acting as the President of Azerbaijan, Mammadov met with Levon Ter-Petrosian in Tehran in an effort to start peace talks mediated by Iran. On 8 May, when the Tehran Communiqué between Ter-Petrosian and Mammadov was signed, Armenian forces captured Shusha.[5] In his interviews, Mammadov always refused to assume any responsibility for loss of Shusha.[6]

On 14 May, the former President Mutalibov returned to power after the parliament relieved him off the responsibility for the Khojaly Massacre, but was ousted by the armed revolt led by Azerbaijan Popular Front on 15 May. Yaqub Mammadov resigned as Speaker of the Parliament on 18 May 1992 and was then replaced by Isa Gambar.[7][8]


  1. ^ "Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences. Yagub Javad oglu Mamedov". Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  2. ^ "Ягуб Мамедов тоже примет участие в парламентских выборах со своей партией" [Yagub Mammadov will also participate in parliamentary elections representing his party]. Day. 13 May 2003. Retrieved 6 May 2010.
  3. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Grotz, Florian; Hartmann, Christof (2001). Elections in Asia and the Pacific: A Data Handbook: Vol. I. Middle East, Central Asia, and South Asia. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 365. ISBN 0-19-924958-X. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  4. ^ "История парламентаризма в Азербайджане" [The history of parliamentarism in Azerbaijan]. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  5. ^ "Conciliation resources. Chronology". Archived from the original on 13 July 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  6. ^ "Ягуб Мамедов: "Я не сдавал Шушу"" [Yagub Mammadov: "I never surrendered Shusha]. Day.az. 25 May 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  7. ^ "Azerbaijan: Heads of State: 1990-2010". Archived from the original on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  8. ^ A. Huseynbala (29 January 2010). "Azərbaycan müxalifəti parlament seçkilərində vahid namizədlə iştirak edərsə, uğur qazana bilər – Parlamentin eks-spikeri" [Azerbaijani opposition will succeed if it is represented by single candidate]. Trend News Agency. Archived from the original on 2 April 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
Political offices
Preceded by
Ayaz Mutalibov
Acting President of Azerbaijan (interim)
6 March 1992 – 14 May 1992
Succeeded by
Ayaz Mutalibov
Preceded by
Ayaz Mutalibov
Acting President of Azerbaijan (interim)
18 May 1992 – 19 May 1992
Succeeded by
Isa Qambar