|Born||March 1, 1574|
|Died||June 2, 1607 (aged 33)|
Fukui, Fukui, Japan
|Spouse(s)||Tsuruhime daughter of Yūki Harutomo|
|Daimyō of Yūki Domain|
|Succeeded by||Mizuno Katsunaga|
|Daimyō of Fukui Domain|
|Succeeded by||Matsudaira Tadanao|
Hideyasu was born as Tokugawa Ogimaru (徳川於義丸) in 1574, the second son of Tokugawa Ieyasu, by Lady Oman (also known as Lady Kogō), a handmaiden to his wife, Lady Tsukiyama. When Oman became pregnant, Ieyasu feared his wife's wrath, so he sheltered the girl in the home of his retainer Honda Shigetsugu, in Ofumi Village near Hamamatsu Castle, and it was there that Ogimaru and his brother were born.
The young Ogimaru was, for some reason, disliked by his father Ieyasu. It was not until age three that he met Ieyasu, and even that meeting, cold as it was, was not arranged by the father, but instead by Ogimaru's elder half-brother, Matsudaira Nobuyasu. After Oda Nobunaga demanded that Ieyasu order Nobuyasu's seppuku, Ogimaru would have been the next in line to inherit the Tokugawa headship by birth; however, as part of the peace negotiations following the Battle of Komaki-Nagakute, he was given in adoption (in reality as a hostage) to the childless Hashiba Hideyoshi in 1584. Coming of age while living with Hideyoshi, Ogimaru was given the name Hashiba Hideyasu, which combined the names of his adoptive father and biological father. He was also granted courtesy title of Mikawa-no-kami, and his Court rank was Senior Fifth Rank, Lower Grade, raised to Ukonoue-gon-shōshō and Senior Fourth Rank, Lower Grade in 1585
Hideyasu took part in his first campaign during the Kyūshū Campaign of 1587, leading the assault on Buzen-Iwaishi Castle. He also received honors for his distinction in the pacification of Hyūga Province. Hideyasu also took part in the Siege of Odawara (1590) and the Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–98). His successes in these campaigns earned him respect as an able field commander, despite his youth.
However, in 1589, a natural son was born to Toyotomi Hideyoshi. Hideyasu had adopted several promising candidates as heir over the years, and began to give these men in adoption to other great houses to avoid a potential conflict over the succession. Hideyasu was given in adoption in 1590 to Yūki Harutomo of Shimōsa Province, and married Harutomo's niece, becoming Yūki Hideyasu and succeeded to the Yūki headship and its 101,000 koku holding.
During the Battle of Sekigahara, Yūki Hideyasu was ordered by Ieyasu to remain in his holdings in Shimōsa, possibly because of his pro-Toyotomi sympathies, and possibility because his emergence as a strong military leader might threaten the prestige and position of his younger half-brother, Tokugawa Hidetada. Following the Battle of Sekigahara and the establishment of the Tokugawa shogunate, he was given all of Echizen Province (670,000 koku) as his fief. In 1604, he was allowed to take the surname Matsudaira. In 1605, his court rank was elevated to Senior Third Rank, and his courtesy title to Gon-Chūnagon.
Hideyasu died, possibly from syphilis in 1607, at the age of 34, seven years after the Battle of Sekigahara, eight years before Tokugawa Ieyasu completed the destruction of the Toyotomi clan at the Siege of Osaka. He left a will to his heir urging support for Toyotomi Hideyori even if the Tokugawa decided to attack. His son and heir, Matsudaira Tadanao ignored his father's will and thus the Echizen-Matsudaira clan survived to the Meiji restoration of 1868.
- Father: Tokugawa Ieyasu
- Mother: Lady Oman (1548–1620) later Chōshō-in
- Wife, concubines, children:
- Wife: Tsuruhime, daughter of Yūki Harutomo
- Concubine: Nakagawa no Tsubone later Seiryō-in
- Concubine: ???
- Kisahime (1598–1655) married Mōri Hidenari
- Concubine: Gesshoōin
- Matsudaira Naomasa (1601–1666) inherited Matsue Domain
- Concubine: Shinryō-in
- Matsudaira Naomoto (1604–1648) inherited Himeji Domain
- Concubine: Nao no Tsubone later Nagaju-in
- Matsudaira Naoyoshi (1605–1678) inherited Ōno Domain
- Concubine: ???
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Matsudaira Hideyasu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 616.
- Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Matsudaira" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 30; retrieved 2013-4-9.
- Appert, Georges. (1888). "Matsudaira" in Ancien Japon, p. 70; compare Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). Nobiliare du Japon, pp. 29–30; retrieved 2013-3-26.
Media related to Yuki Hideyasu at Wikimedia Commons
- Fukui City Museum (in Japanese)
- "Fukui" at Edo 300 (in Japanese)
- 越前松平氏 (Echizen Matsudaira) at ReichsArchiv.jp (in Japanese)
| Shimōsa-Yūki family head
| Daimyō of Yūki Domain
| Daimyō of Fukui Domain