Xylokastro (Greek: Ξυλόκαστρο) is a seaside town or village and a former municipality in Corinthia in the Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Xylokastro-Evrostina, of which it is a unit or component. The municipal unit has an area of 310.252 km2. In 2011 its population was 5,715 for the town and 13,277 for the municipal unit.
Partial view of Xylokastro beach (October 2019)
|• Municipal unit||310.3 km2 (119.8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|• Municipal unit||13,277|
|• Municipal unit density||43/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|• Population||5,715 (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
Geographic features include a long 2 km beach and semi-arid forest on varied terrain, scattered with early churches and evidence of early settlements and religious sites. It has narrowly separated upper and lower coastal roads and forms a medium-sized touristic village on the Gulf of Corinth.
The municipal unit Xylokastro is subdivided into the following communities (2011 population and constituent villages in brackets):
- Ano Trikala (104, Ano Trikala, Zireia)
- Dendro (144)
- Geliniatika (431, Geliniatika, Spartinaaika)
- Kamari (903, Kamari, Kariotika)
- Karya (597, Karya, Kariotika)
- Kato Loutro (442, Kato Loutro, Ano Loutro)
- Kato Synoikia Trikalon (254)
- Korfiotissa (75)
- Lagkadaiika (74, Lagkadaiika, Amfithea)
- Manna (476)
- Melissi (913)
- Mesi Synoikia Trikalon (73)
- Nees Vrysoules (76)
- Panariti (349)
- Pellini (82)
- Pitsa (669, Ano Pitsa, Kato Pitsa)
- Rethi (194)
- Riza (429, Riza, Valtos, Georgantaiika, Sigeritsa, Chartsianika)
- Sofiana (80)
- Stylia (147)
- Sykia (492)
- Thalero (162)
- Throfari (73)
- Xanthochori (83)
- Xylokastro (5,715, Xylokastro, Mertikaiika)
- Zemeno (240)
|Year||Town population||Municipality population|
Xylokastro is situated on the coast of the Gulf of Corinth, 30 km northwest of Corinth, near the mouth of the river Trikalitikos. Apart from the narrow strip of land along the coast, where the town Xylokastro lies, the municipal unit is mountainous. The Greek National Road 8a (Corinth - Patras) passes through the town.
The town took its name from a wooden castle (Greek: ξύλινο κάστρο), probably built in the 13th century. It was also known as Solo Castro. The village Stylia was known as Viladusa by the Venetians in the 18th century.
- "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
- "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
- De Wit, 1680