Xanxerê is a city in Santa Catarina, southern Brazil. Italian and German are the mainstream cultures, having been brought by immigrants in the early 20th century through the migration of the "gauchos".

Xanxerê
City's central church
City's central church
Flag of Xanxerê
Official seal of Xanxerê
Nickname(s): 
Portuguese: Capital Estadual do Milho (The state capital of corn)
Location in Santa Catarina
Location in Santa Catarina
Xanxerê is located in Brazil
Xanxerê
Xanxerê
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 26°52′37″S 52°24′14″W / 26.87694°S 52.40389°W / -26.87694; -52.40389Coordinates: 26°52′37″S 52°24′14″W / 26.87694°S 52.40389°W / -26.87694; -52.40389
CountryBrazil
RegionSouth
State Santa Catarina
MesoregionWest of Santa Catarina
MicroregionXanxerê
Founded27 February 1954
Government
 • MayorAdemiri 'Miri' Gasparini
Area
 • Total377.764 km2 (145.855 sq mi)
Elevation
800 m (2,600 ft)
Population
 (2020 [2])
 • Total51,642
 • Density140/km2 (350/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Xanxerenses
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
CEP postal code
89820-000
Area code49
HDI (2010) [3]0,775
WebsiteMunicipality official website

The city is one of the main production centers of corn in Brazil and serves as an important industrial, commercial and service center for western Santa Catarina. It is located in a key position for trades via Mercosul.

Xanxerê is the headquarters of the Association of Cities of Alto Irani (AMAI), composed of 17 "municípios".

On April 20, 2015, two tornadoes struck the city; two people died and another 120 were injured, according to the news. These tornadoes was most likely an F3 on the Fujita Scale, according to Mamedes Luiz Melo, an INMET meteorologist. At least 2,600 homes were damaged.[4][5]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.2
(97.2)
34.0
(93.2)
34.0
(93.2)
30.8
(87.4)
29.6
(85.3)
28.1
(82.6)
28.2
(82.8)
30.6
(87.1)
32.5
(90.5)
33.2
(91.8)
34.8
(94.6)
35.0
(95.0)
36.2
(97.2)
Average high °C (°F) 27.8
(82.0)
27.8
(82.0)
26.6
(79.9)
24.0
(75.2)
21.6
(70.9)
19.4
(66.9)
20.3
(68.5)
21.5
(70.7)
22.6
(72.7)
24.1
(75.4)
25.8
(78.4)
27.1
(80.8)
24.1
(75.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
20.3
(68.5)
17.5
(63.5)
15.1
(59.2)
13.2
(55.8)
13.7
(56.7)
14.7
(58.5)
16.0
(60.8)
17.5
(63.5)
19.2
(66.6)
20.7
(69.3)
17.5
(63.6)
Average low °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
16.6
(61.9)
15.5
(59.9)
12.4
(54.3)
10.2
(50.4)
8.6
(47.5)
8.9
(48.0)
9.7
(49.5)
11.0
(51.8)
11.9
(53.4)
13.6
(56.5)
15.5
(59.9)
12.5
(54.5)
Record low °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
3.0
(37.4)
3.6
(38.5)
0.0
(32.0)
−3.8
(25.2)
−11.6
(11.1)
−11.1
(12.0)
−7.9
(17.8)
−3.8
(25.2)
0.0
(32.0)
1.6
(34.9)
4.4
(39.9)
−11.6
(11.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 223.9
(8.81)
222.3
(8.75)
192.4
(7.57)
141.8
(5.58)
148.6
(5.85)
164.4
(6.47)
162.2
(6.39)
186.3
(7.33)
220.7
(8.69)
221.8
(8.73)
170.5
(6.71)
172.6
(6.80)
2,227.5
(87.68)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 mm) 13 13 12 8 8 9 9 10 12 11 9 10 124
Average relative humidity (%) 80.3 80.7 81.0 79.9 79.7 80.2 77.1 76.9 76.2 76.2 75.1 77.4 78.4
Source: Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia (INMET),[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Área territorial oficial" [Official Territorial Area] (in Portuguese). Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). 2002-10-10. Retrieved 2014-12-03.
  2. ^ IBGE 2020
  3. ^ "Ranking decrescente do IDH-M dos municípios do Brasil" [Ranking of HDI-M of Brazilian Municipalities] (PDF) (in Portuguese). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). 2010. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
  4. ^ Fritz, Angela (22 April 2015). "Deadly tornado destroys parts of Xanxere city in Brazil (Video)". Washington Post. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Inmet confirma tornado em Xanxerê, no Oeste catarinense". 21 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia". Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia. Retrieved 2015-06-23.