XII Corps (Pakistan)

The XII Corps, also known as Quetta Corps[1] or Southern Command[2] is a corps of Pakistan Army currently stationed in Quetta, Balochistan Province. It is commanded by Lieutenant-General Muhammad Waseem Ashraf.

XII Corps/Southern Command
Active1985–present
Country Pakistan
Allegiance Pakistan Army
BranchActive Duty
TypeArmy Corps
RoleCombined arms formation
Tactical headquarters element
Size30,000+ approximately (though this may vary as units are rotated)
HQ/Command Control HeadquarterQuetta, Balochistan Province
Nickname(s)Quetta Corps[1]
Colors IdentificationRed, White and Black
            
EngagementsSoviet–Afghan War
Pakistan war in Afghanistan
War on terror
India-Pakistan Standoff
Balochistan conflict
War in North-West Pakistan
DecorationsMilitary Decorations of Pakistan Military
Commanders
Commander Southern CommandLt Gen Muhammad Waseem Ashraf
Notable
commanders
General Khalid Shameem Wynne
General Abdul Waheed Kakar

HistoryEdit

The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 created for Pakistan a real security threat on the western borders for the first time in its history. As a result, two new corps were raised to guard the western borders. These were the XI Corps in Peshawar, and the XII Corps, with the responsibility of guarding the Bolan Pass. The formation spent, the first few years of its history guarding against Soviet expansionism. The end of the cold war and the ending of the Soviet threat, led the formation into a new era. It would lose divisions, and brigades to the western border. Notably 40 infantry division would be moved to Okara,[3] and for a time it would have only one division.

War on TerrorismEdit

The war on terror began and once again the corps began to undertake duty on the western borders, catching and neutralising Al-Qaeda and Taliban operatives, although it has not been involved to such an extent as the XI Corps. The operations continue to this day.

2001–2002 StandoffEdit

The formation would in early 2002 be moved to the eastern border for the first time in its history as the threat of war with India loomed. The corps purpose was to provide reinforcement to V Corps in the Thar desert. It would return to Quetta in 2004 just in time to face a new challenge.

Baloch RebellionEdit

In 2004, the Balochistan conflict restarted. The formation was involved in putting down the insurrection in collaboration with local security forces, and by 2006, with the killing of Akbar Bugti, the rebellion was more or less suppressed.

List of Commanders Southern Command & XII CorpsEdit

Lieutenant general Muhammad Waseem Ashraf September 2019 Till Date
Asim Saleem Bajwa September 2017 September 2019
Aamer Riaz October 2015 September 2017
Nasser Khan Janjua September 2013 October 2015
Alam Khattak October 2011 September 2013
Javed Zia April 2010 October 2011
Khalid Shameem Wynne April 2007 April 2010
Shahid Hamid September 2003 October 2004
Abdul Qadir Baloch October 2001 September 2003
Mushtaq Hussain October 1999 October 2001
Tariq Pervaiz May 1997 October 1999
Saranjam Khan 1995 May 1997
Lieutenant general Zia Ullah Khan January 1993 1995
Abdul Waheed Kakar August 1989 January 1993
Syed Zakir Ali Zaidi May 1987 August 1989
Khushdil Khan Afridi 1985 May 1987

ORBATEdit

The formations composition has changed on several occasions in the past, and like all formations on the western border it has received reinforcements for the war on terror, however its present composition is thought to be.

  • HQ XII Corps (Quetta)
    • 33rd Infantry Division (Quetta)
    • 41st Infantry Division (Quetta)
    • Independent Infantry Brigade (Turbat)
    • Independent Armoured Brigade (Khuzdar)
    • Independent Infantry Brigade – Gwadar
    • Independent Engineer Brigade
    • Independent Signal Brigade

External linksEdit

  • Global Security Website
  • Orbat.com

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Bajwa made Quetta corps commander in reshuffle". Dawn.
  2. ^ "Pakistan Army hands over model village in Mashkai to earthquake survivors". geo.tv.
  3. ^ XII Corps