Chaman (Balochi, Pashto and Urdu: چمن) is a city and recently claimed as a new district of Balochistan named Chaman District as it was earlier a part of district Qila Abdullah District located on the Afghanistan-Pakistan border. It is the capital of Chaman District, Balochistan, Pakistan. It is situated just south of the Wesh–Chaman border crossing with the neighbouring Kandahar Province of Afghanistan. After the capital Quetta, Chaman is the fifth-largest city and tehsil in the Pashtun majority northern part of Balochistan, and is also Balochistan's fifth-largest city.

Chaman
‏‎ ‎چمن‎
Chaman Gate border between Pakistan and Afghanistan
Chaman Gate border between Pakistan and Afghanistan
Chaman is located in Balochistan, Pakistan
Chaman
Chaman
Chaman is located in Pakistan
Chaman
Chaman
Chaman is located in Asia
Chaman
Chaman
Chaman is located in Earth
Chaman
Chaman
Coordinates: 30°55′20″N 66°26′41″E / 30.92222°N 66.44472°E / 30.92222; 66.44472Coordinates: 30°55′20″N 66°26′41″E / 30.92222°N 66.44472°E / 30.92222; 66.44472
CountryPakistan
ProvinceBalochistan
DistrictChaman District
Elevation
1,338 m (4,390 ft)
Population
 • Total123,191
 • Rank76th in Pakistan;
5th largest city in Balochistan
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of Union Councils13

ClimateEdit

With an influence from the local steppe climate, Chaman features a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh). The average annual temperature in Chaman is 19.0 °C, while the annual precipitation averages 232 mm. June is the driest month with 0 mm of rainfall, while the wettest month is January, with an average 65 mm of precipitation.

July is the hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 31.0 °C. The coldest month January has an average temperature of 6.4 °C.

Climate data for Chaman
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
16.0
(60.8)
21.2
(70.2)
27.3
(81.1)
33.8
(92.8)
38.7
(101.7)
39.3
(102.7)
38.5
(101.3)
35.2
(95.4)
29.2
(84.6)
21.1
(70.0)
16.8
(62.2)
27.5
(81.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.4
(43.5)
9.0
(48.2)
13.8
(56.8)
19.5
(67.1)
24.7
(76.5)
29.1
(84.4)
31.0
(87.8)
29.6
(85.3)
24.9
(76.8)
18.9
(66.0)
12.8
(55.0)
8.5
(47.3)
19.0
(66.2)
Average low °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
2.1
(35.8)
6.5
(43.7)
11.7
(53.1)
15.6
(60.1)
19.5
(67.1)
22.7
(72.9)
20.7
(69.3)
14.7
(58.5)
8.7
(47.7)
3.6
(38.5)
0.3
(32.5)
10.5
(50.9)
Source: Climate-Data.org[2]

TransportEdit

Chaman has a railway station which accommodates services with Kandahar as well as other parts of Afghanistan. A slow passenger train runs between Chaman and Quetta daily. In 2008, it was proposed to extend this railway through Afghanistan to Central Asia. Chaman is on the silk road on the eastern side.

TradeEdit

The town is an important trade point in the Balochistan region, providing a gateway on the trade routes between Afghanistan and Karachi. It underwent development during the martial law period of the 1980s. People of the city import many things like cars, motor bikes, motor rickshaws. Japanese, Chinese and UAE phones, cosmetics, perfumes, and many other consumer goods from Afghanistan into Pakistan.[3]

Afghanistan War and terrorismEdit

Chaman has been used by NATO forces as a major supply route into Afghanistan since 2000.[3]

On 30 August 2009, an attack on a NATO convoy destroyed 20 fuel tankers and other supply trucks. The attackers reportedly fired rockets and small arms before destroying the trucks.[3][4]

Thousands of Afghan refugees enter Pakistan via the Chaman route on a regular basis.[5]

Bombings occurred in 2017, 2020 Chaman bombing, and 2021.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "PAKISTAN: Provinces and Major Cities". PAKISTAN: Provinces and Major Cities. citypopulation.de website. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  2. ^ "Climate: Chaman on Climate-Data.org website". Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  3. ^ a b c "Pakistan Blast Sets NATO Fuel Convoy Ablaze". Voice Of America News website. 31 August 2008. Archived from the original on 3 September 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  4. ^ "Boy killed as local traders, security personnel clash at Chaman border". The News International (newspaper). 30 November 2020. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  5. ^ Mian Saifur Rehman. "Afghan refugees not being harassed". The News International (newspaper). Retrieved 19 July 2021.