Wolverhampton South West (UK Parliament constituency)
|Wolverhampton South West|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wolverhampton South West in West Midlands.
Location of West Midlands within England.
|Electorate||59,846 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Eleanor Smith (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
It was represented by the Conservative Party for 47 years after its formation, with Labour winning it for the first time its 1997 landslide victory. The Conservatives regained the seat in 2010, only for Labour to regain it at the next general election in 2015.
The constituency was held by Enoch Powell from 1950 to 1974, covering his unsuccessful bid for the Conservative Party leadership in 1965 and his controversial Rivers of Blood speech, which criticised mass immigration, especially Commonwealth immigration to Britain in 1968.[n 1]
Members of ParliamentEdit
|Feb 1974||Nicholas Budgen||Conservative|
This, in the 21st-century, repeatedly marginal seat contains a mix of different areas; St Peter's, Graiseley and Park are relatively deprived inner city wards, with significant ethnic minority populations, mainly of Asian origin and are Labour voting-areas. Penn and Merry Hill are more mixed and suburban with mostly Conservative voters in times of economic prosperity. Tettenhall Regis and Tettenhall Wightwick are affluent suburbs on the western fringe of the West Midlands conurbation and are the strongest Tory wards in the seat.
Wolverhampton South West is one of three constituencies covering the city of Wolverhampton, covering the city centre (including the University and Civic Centre) as well as western and south-western parts of the city. The boundaries run south from the city centre towards Penn and north-west towards Tettenhall.
1950–1955: The County Borough of Wolverhampton wards of Blakenhall and St John's, Graiseley, Penn, St George's, St Mark's and Merridale, St Matthew's, and St Philip's.
1955–1974: As above plus Park.
1974–1983: The County Borough of Wolverhampton wards of Graiseley, Merry Hill, Park, Penn, St Peter's, Tettenhall Regis, and Tettenhall Wightwick.
1983–2010: The Metropolitan Borough wards as named above
2010–present: The City of Wolverhampton wards as named above
- Prominent frontbenchers
The unit is heavily associated with the controversial Conservative politician Enoch Powell who was MP for the seat from 1950 until 1974, when he departed to the Ulster Unionist Party. It was during this time that he served in Edward Heath's shadow cabinet, from which he was dismissed in 1968 after his controversial Rivers of Blood speech in which he predicted severe civil unrest if mass immigration from the Commonwealth continued. This speech was reportedly the result of Powell's meeting with a woman in the constituency who was the last white person living in her street.
- Summary of results
Wolverhampton South West returned Conservative until a Labour candidate gained it in their 1997 landslide. Budgen was defeated in the 1997 election by Labour's Jenny Jones, a landslide victory for the party. As the next general election loomed, she announced that she would not be seeking re-election. From the 2001 general election, the constituency was represented by Rob Marris of the Labour Party for nine years until he lost it in the 2010 general election to Paul Uppal of the Conservative Party, on the same majority of 691 votes as Powell in 1950.[relevant? ] Marris regained the seat from Uppal at the 2015 general election. The 2015 result gave the seat the 14th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority. In 2017, despite Marris standing down after 11 (non-consecutive) years as an MP and Uppal standing for a third time, the new Labour candidate, Eleanor Smith, more than doubled the Labour majority.
- Other parties candidates
Of the four other candidates standing in 2015, the UKIP candidate kept their deposit by winning more than 5% of the vote, in the year before the 2016 EU referendum. The West Midlands region voted in favour of leaving the institutions of the European Union.
Turnout has ranged from 87.2% in 1950 to 62.1% in 2001 and in 2005.
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Sarah Quarmby||784||1.9||0.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Neale Upstone||845||2.1||13.9|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||1.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Robin Lawrence||6,430||16.0||2.5|
|Equal Parenting Alliance||Raymond Barry||246||0.6||0.6|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||3.5|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Colin Ross||5,568||13.4||5.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Dixon||3,425||8.4||0.2|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Matthew Green||4,012||8.2||0.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Wiggin||4,470||8.5||10.1|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|SDP–Liberal Alliance (Social Democratic)||Beris Lamb||9,616||18.6||2.9|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance (Social Democratic)||Edgar Harwood||10,724||21.5||8.0|
|Anti-Common Market||John Deary||201||0.4|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||June Lees||912||1.8||1.5|
|Anti-Common Market||John Deary||401||0.8|
|Labour||Ivan Ernest Geffen||15,554||33.0||0.9|
|Liberal||Joseph Abraham Wernick||9,215||19.5||0.3|
|National Front||Garth Anthony Cooper||1,573||3.3||0.3|
|Liberal||Joseph Abraham Wernick||9,691||19.2||N/A|
|National Front||Garth Anthony Cooper||1,523||3.0||N/A|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour Co-op||Lewis Burgess||16,898||40.0|
|Liberal||William Frederick Hubert Rollason||4,229||9.6|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Wolverhampton South West results". BBC News. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Wolverhampton South West". BBC news. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Peter Evans (5 June 1970). "Immigrant girl will vote in despair—Powellism". News. The Times (57888). London. col C, p. 9.
- The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955.