Wireless identification and sensing platform
A wireless identification and sensing platform (WISP) is an RFID (radio-frequency identification) device that supports sensing and computing: a microcontroller powered by radio-frequency energy. That is, like a passive RFID tag, WISP is powered and read by a standard off-the-shelf RFID reader, harvesting the power it uses from the reader's emitted radio signals. To an RFID reader, a WISP is just a normal EPC gen1 or gen2 tag; but inside the WISP, the harvested energy is operating a 16-bit general purpose microcontroller. The microcontroller can perform a variety of computing tasks, including sampling sensors, and reporting that sensor data back to the RFID reader. WISPs have been built with light sensors, temperature sensors, and strain gauges. Some contain accelerometers. WISPs can write to flash and perform cryptographic computations. The WISP was originally developed by Intel Research Seattle, but after their closure development work has continued at the Sensor Systems Laboratory at the University of Washington in Seattle.
|Developer||Intel Research Seattle|
|Written in||C, Assembly|
|OS family||Embedded operating systems|
|Source model||Open source|
|Marketing target||Wireless sensor networks|
|License||Creative Commons Attribution License|
The WISP consists of a board with power harvesting circuitry, demodulator, modulator, microcontroller, external sensors, and other components such as EEPROM and LED.
- A. Mitrokatsa & C. Dougligeris (2009). "Integrated RFID and sensor networks: architectures and applications". In Y. Zhang; L. Tianruo Yang & J. Chen (eds.). RFID and sensor networks: architectures, protocols, security, and integrations. CRC Press. p. 517. ISBN 978-1-4200-7777-3.
- E. M. Tapia; S. S. Intille & K. Larson (2007). "Portable wireless sensors for object usage sensing in the home: challenges and practicalities". In B. Schiele; A. K. Dey & H. Gellersen (eds.). Ambient intelligence: European conference, AmI 2007, Darmstadt, Germany, November 7-10, 2007 : proceedings. Springer. p. 23. ISBN 978-3-540-76651-3.
- "WISP wiki page".
- "Old WISP wiki page".
- "Sensor Systems Lab WISP description".
- M. Segev-Bar; N. Bachar; Y.Wolf; B. Ukrainsky; L. Sarraf; H. Haick (Dec 13, 2016). "Multi‐Parametric Sensing Platforms Based on Nanoparticles". Advanced Materials Technologies. 2 (1): 1600206. doi:10.1002/admt.201600206.
[...] potentially to differentiate between the different signals. They have advantages in fields that include wearable systems, humanoid robotics, structural health monitoring and precision agriculture, [...]