Intel Research Lablets
The Intel Research Labs were a research division of Intel. The organization was known for most of its life as Intel Research, but towards the end of its life the name Intel Research was re-defined to refer to all research performed in Intel, including work done outside the labs.
At its peak, there were six Intel Research Labs. The four university labs were each hosted by a partner university, while the two on-site labs were embedded inside normal Intel sites. Intel Research Berkeley was hosted by UC Berkeley, Intel Research Seattle by the University of Washington, Intel Research Pittsburgh by Carnegie Mellon University, and Intel Research Cambridge by the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom. In addition the People and Practices Research Lab (PaPR) performed ethnographic research at Intel's Hillsboro, Oregon campus, and one at Intel's Santa Clara, California headquarters.
Intel Research (as it was then known) was created in 2000, under the leadership of David L. Tennenhouse. Tennenhouse aimed to model his new research organization based on the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, where he had previously been director of the Information Technology Office. Tennenhouse promoted "proactive computing," where he envisioned users would interact with surrounding things and things would be able to have "digital-life".
In 2001, Intel Research adopted an open collaborative research model. In this model, Intel researchers worked directly with professors and students at the host university and shared knowledge freely. The contract with the host university stated that all intellectual property (IP) that resulted from a research project was jointly owned by both parties. Each lab was led by a professor from the host university, both with the goal of building deep connections to the university and avoiding any conflicts or misunderstandings between the lab and the university. Lab Directors included David Culler, Eric Brewer, Joseph M. Hellerstein, Mahadev Satyanarayanan, Todd Mowry, Gaetano Borriello, James Landay, and David Wetherall.
Due to the open nature of the research agreement, the labs focussed on areas that were not core to Intel's business, so that Intel did not need to control the intellectual property. Instead the labs worked or topics such as ubiquitous computing and sensor networks which might help create demand for aligned Intel products.
In December 2005, Tennenhouse left to head A9.com, and Andrew A. Chien, a former professor with high performance computing background at UC San Diego took over his position. Chien left Intel in May 2010 to return to academia as a professor at the University of Chicago. Justin Rattner, chief technology office of Intel, then took over Intel Labs and in addition, several vice presidents of Intel Labs were appointed.
The Cambridge lab closed in October 2006. The other three labs were shut down in January 2011. Instead, Intel announced it would directly fund research, with its first grant forming the Intel Science and Technology Center for Visual Computing at Stanford University, led by Pat Hanrahan.
In most cases, projects were done in partnership with a host university. Some examples:
- Tennehouse, David (July 2004). "Intel's Open Collaborative Model of Industry-University Research". Research-Technology Management.
- Buderi, Robert (October 1, 2001). "Intel Revamps R&D". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- Gewin, Virginia (March 15, 2006). "Academic computer scientist moves to Intel". Nature.
- Lucy Sherriff (October 26, 2006). "Intel to close Cambridge research centre". The Register. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- "Gloom as Intel plans to close Cambridge lab". CNet. October 31, 2006.
- Christopher Mims (April 4, 2011). "Is the Death of Intel Research a Harbinger of Doom for Privately-Funded Technology Research?". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- Steve Lohr (January 28, 2011). "Intel Spreads Its University Research Bets". New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- "Intel Labs to Invest $100 Million directly into U.S. University Research". Press release. Intel. January 26, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- "New Intel Center Driving the Future of Visual Computing". Press release. Intel. May 31, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2016.
- Mannion, Patrick (Jan 26, 2009). "Intel researchers demo RF energy harvester". EE Times.
- Yen, Yi-Wyn (May 21, 2007). "Forget nanotech. Think claytronics". CNN Money.
- Koemer, Brendan (December 2003). "Intel's Tiny Hope for the Future". Wired.
- "PlanetLab History". Retrieved 23 April 2012.