Winter Triangle

The Winter Triangle is an astronomical asterism formed from three of the brightest stars in the winter sky. It is an imaginary equilateral triangle drawn on the celestial sphere, with its defining vertices at Sirius, Betelgeuse, and Procyon, the primary stars in the three constellations of Canis Major, Orion, and Canis Minor, respectively.[1]

Winter stars with the Winter Triangle front and centre, forming a diamond (actually kite) or cross with Saturn above


Winter Triangle

For much of the night in the northern winter, the Winter Triangle is high in the sky at mid-northern latitudes, but can also be seen during autumn in the early morning to the East. In the spring the winter triangle is visible early in the evening to the West before its stars set below the horizon. From the southern hemisphere it appears upside down and lower in the sky during the summer months.[2]

The Winter Triangle surrounds most of the faint constellation Monoceros, although its brightest stars are of fourth magnitude and hardly noticeable to the naked eye. The triangle includes two first magnitude stars, while Sirius is even brighter. The other bright stars of the winter sky lie around the triangle: Orion including Rigel; Aldebaran in Taurus; Castor and Pollux in Gemini; and Capella in Auriga.

The stars of the Winter TriangleEdit

Winter triangle stars
Name Constellation Apparent magnitude Luminosity (L) Spectral type Distance (ly)
Sirius Canis Major −1.46 25.4 A1 V 8.6
Betelgeuse Orion 0.50 90,000 - 150,000 M2 Iab 640
Procyon Canis Minor 0.34 6.93 F5 IV-V 11.5

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ian Ridpath (10 December 2012). The Monthly Sky Guide. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15–. ISBN 978-1-139-62066-6.
  2. ^ Lou Williams Page (1964). A dipper full of stars. Follett Publishing Company. ISBN 9995280000.

External linksEdit