William McBryar (February 14, 1861 – March 8, 1941) was a bi-racial Buffalo Soldier in the United States Army and a recipient of America's highest military decoration – the Medal of Honor – for his actions during the Cherry Creek Campaign in Arizona Territory.
Lieutenant William McBryar
|Born||February 14, 1861|
Elizabethtown, North Carolina
|Died||March 8, 1941 (aged 80)|
|Place of burial|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1887–1901, 1905-1906|
|Unit||10th Cavalry Regiment|
25th Infantry Regiment
8th U. S. Volunteer Infantry
49th U.S. Volunteer Infantry
9th Cavalry Regiment
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Early Life and St. Augustine's Normal CollegeEdit
William McBryar was born February 14, 1861 in Elizabethtown, North Carolina to Rose Black. McBryar attended St. Augustine's Normal College starting in 1883 and entered the collegiate program in 1885. On his individual service report, his listed "physics, political [economy], science of government, sociology" as areas of professional or scientific study and investigation other than military. He also wrote that he studied "Latin and Spanish" and was able to speak Spanish. He left college one year prior to graduating and appeared as a laborer in New York on the census.
10th Cavalry and Indian CampaignEdit
McBryar enlisted in the 10th Cavalry on January 3, 1887 for a period of five years and requested assignment on the frontier. A Buffalo Soldier in the United States Army, he received America's highest military decoration – the Medal of Honor – for his actions during the March 7th, 1890 Cherry Creek Campaign in Arizona Territory while serving as a Sergeant in Company K of the 10th Cavalry Regiment. On that day, he participated in an engagement in Arizona where he "[d]istinguished himself for coolness, bravery and marksmanship while his troop was in pursuit of hostile Apache Indians." For his actions, Sergeant McBryar was awarded the Medal of Honor two months later, on May 15, 1890.
Medal of Honor CitationEdit
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company K, 10th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: Salt River, Arizona, 7 March 1890. Entered service at: New York, N.Y. Birth: 14 February 1861, Elizabethtown, N.C. Date of issue: 15 May 1890.
Distinguished himself for coolness, bravery and marksmanship while his troop was in pursuit of hostile Apache Indians.
25th Infantry, Spanish American War, and CommissionEdit
He reenlisted in the 25th Infantry and was deployed to the Spanish American War, serving with distinction at the Battle of El Caney, Cuba.
Capt E. A. Edwards, Capt, 25th Infantry wrote to the Adjutant General State of North Carolina in a May 30, 1898 stating
I am informed by Sergeant William McBryar, Co. H. 25th Infantry, that his is an applicant for a commission in a colored regiment to be raised in North Carolina. I take pleasure in stating my belief that he is thoroughly competent to Command a Company in such a regiment. I Commanded H. Co. for a time and from my knowledge of him acquired while in that company can say he is intelligent, of good habits, unusual force, and more than average educational attainments. His knowledge & experience of field & officer work would be invaluable to a volunteer organization, and his courage is attested by the medal of honor earned by bravery in Indian Wrafare [sic]- Very Respectfully,
(S'g'd) E. A. Edwards, Capt. 25th Infantry
A second letter furnished to McBryar from 1LT V.A. Caldwell in 1898 reads
I take great pleasure in furnishing you this letter and trust it may aid you in obtaining the commission you desire. As Sergeant and Quartermaster Sergeant Co. H 25th U.S. Infantry your services were above criticism. When this Company, H, landed in Cuba, there being but one commissioned officer with it, you were assigned to the command of its second platoon; at the action of El Caney, you brought this platoon on the firing line advancing it under a very hot fire from the Spaniards, setting its men an example of coolness, bravery and soldierly bearing that gave its fire action a maximum value. In commanding the point of the rear guard July 2, '98, in the march from near El Caney to San Juan hill, when the company in performing this duty was separated from the U.S. forces, and with the road in its rear open to the Spanish forces, who threatened an attack, you displayed the same qualities of good judgement and coolness which have been noted in the El Caney fight, also while held in reserve under fire July 2d at San Juan hill. The sam [sic] may be said of the threatened night attack July 2d. In assisting in laying out and superintending the construction of detached earth works occupying exposed positions in front of the [sic] our main line of works, around Santiago, and in easy range of the Spanish works you showed a sound theoretical and practical knowledge of this duty. The same may be said of you about advance rear guard and outpost duties. In the case of health and forethought as to the Subsistence of the company you proved yourself thoroughly efficient.--I believe you thoroughly competent in character and education to render the United States intelligence and valuable services as a commissioned officer.
(Sgd) V. A. Caldwell,
1st Lieut. 25th Inf.,
Comdg Co H 25th Inf, throughout the Santiago de Cuba expedition.
For his gallantry, he received a commission as a First Lieutenant in the 8th U. S. Volunteer Infantry. A letter from the Adjutant General's Office, Washington dated September 7, 1898, to Col Huggins, Fort Thomas, Kentucky, states "McBryar, Goings and Gaither this day commissioned." LT McBryar accepted via Western Union Telegraph on September 13, 1898.
8th Immunes and Philippine InsurrectionEdit
McBryar was sworn in as a First Lieutenant in the 8th U.S. Volunteer Infantry September 22, 1898 at Fort Thomas, Kentucky. His oath of office reads:
I, William McBryar, having been appointed a First Lieutenant, 8th U.S. Vol. Inf. in the military service of the United States, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same; that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter:
So help me God.
William McBryar 8th U.S. V. Infantry
Sworn to and subscribed before me, at Fort Thomas Ky, this 22nd day of September, 1898.
AMHughes [Illegible] U.S. Vol. [Illegible]
1st Lieut. Wm. McBryar, 8th U.S. Vols., requests to be appointed in the 9th Vol. Infantry, as his regiment is about to be mustered out. McBryar got the medal of honor for gallantry in action against the Apaches March 8, 1890, and that and his gallantry at San Juan, secured him his present commission. He has hardly served long enough as a commissioned officer to reimburse him for his outfit, but the trouble is that we have a number of similar applications, and the few remaining immune regiments will not afford vacancies enough for more than one or two, and they are likely to be mustered out any day. His case appears certainly to be as deserving as any, but the best, that can be done is to keep him on the waiting list until a vacancy occurs, and then resubmit the case. In one respect he is better off than some other applicants, inasmuch as the expiration of his present commission he reverts to his position as Sergeant in the regular Army, and his service in the Vols. is credited in his longevity.
He accepted a commission as a 2LT in the 49th U.S. Volunteer Infantry and served with Company M, Piat, Luzon, Philippines during the Philippine–American War. In May 1900 he led a group of soldiers that captured an enemy guerilla unit in Cagayan. He was mustered out with his unit on June 1, 1900 at Presidio, CA.
Enlistment in the 9th CavalryEdit
McBryar reenlisted in 1905. A Declaration for Original Invalid Pension filed in the state of North Carolina, county of Guilford states
On this 8th day of June A. D. one thousand nine hundred and eleven personally appeared before me, a notary public within and for the county and State aforesaid, William McBryar, aged 50 years, a resident of Greensboro, county of Guilford resident of Greensboro, State of North Carolina, who being sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical person who was ENROLLED at Hickory, NC under the name of William McBryar on the 22d day of February, 1905, as a private in Troop G, 9th Cavalry (U.S.A.) and was DISCHARGED at Fort Leavenworth, Kans on the 19th day of December, 1905; that his personal description at enlistment was a follows: Age 42 years; height, 5 feet 5 1/2 inches; complexion [illegible] light; hair, grey; eyes, Bro #1. That while a member of the organization aforesaid, in the service and in the line of his duty at Fort Leavenworth, Kans. on or about the 22d day of March, 1905 he contracted rheumatism in his legs; that said rheumatism was of a mild nature at first, but is gradually growing worse, and is so severe at times as to render him unable to walk except by the aid of [illegible]. That he was treated in hospital as follows: at Fort Leavenworth, Kans. In hospital as stated above only. That he was employed in the military or naval service prior to February, 1905. That he has not been employed in the military or naval service since December 19, 1905.
He was discharged from the 9th Cavalry to accept a position in the U.S. Civil Service.
Demobilization and MarriageEdit
He married Ms. Sallie B. Waugh (born 1866, Forsyth County, NC) on December 6, 1906 in Greensboro, North Carolina by Reverend J.G. Walker. A record is on file at the Greensboro, North Carolina Court House. This was the first marriage for both LT McBryar and Ms. Waugh, and no children were born to this union. After Mrs. McBryar died in 1928 in North Wilkesboro, Wilkes County, NC and was buried at Union Cemetery, Greensboro, Guilford County, NC (Memorial ID 87758120), LT McBryar remarried Ms. Lucy E. Sweatt of Lynch, Kentucky on July 13, 1933. However, the marriage failed and ended in divorce on July 20, 1938.
Watchman at Arlington National CemeteryEdit
After returning to his farm for two years, McBryar then taught as a military instructor at Saint Paul's Normal and Industrial School near Lawrenceville, Virginia for one year from 1911-1912. By 1914, McBryar was working with the Federal Penitentiary Service at the federal prison on McNeil Island in Washington. McBryar had several jobs after this. He taught at a school from 1924 - 1928. He then attended school for four years. McBryar returned to teaching again in 1935.
Tennessee State Agricultural and Industrial CollegeEdit
He graduated Tennessee Agricultural and Industrial State University in 1934 at the age of 73 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Agriculture.
In 1935, he wrote the following essay, which was published in The Bulletin in May, 1935:
Justice Discussed In Fine Essay: Scholar Gives Explanation; Declares It as Lifeline of a Nation, While Injustice Means Ruin" (An Essay by Lieutenant William McBryar, '34).
The word justice is one of the most potent in the English tongue. Justice has been thus defined: conformity in conduct or practice to the principles of right or of positive law; regard for or fulfillment of obligations. Two important synonyms are equity and fairness; equity is equal justice and is thus a close synonym for fairness. The chief distinction between the creation of civilization and the brute creation lies in that one word–justice. Over there in the wilds of nature the little birds have no police force, no national guard, no protection, know nothing of justice, of courts of law, and of jurisprudence. If the birds of prey are stronger than they are and swifter on the wing, the little birds become food for the birds of prey.
Out yonder in the briar patch, the rabbit has no army and no navy, and no protection except his fleetness of foot and his cunning. When these furnish him no escape, he becomes food for the hound and the fox. So on and on throughout the great animal kingdom, we have the rule of force, the consequence of which is bloodletting and suffering. Darwin called this the survival of the fittest. During the past generation, the great German philosopher Nietzsche proclaimed the doctrine of the super-man. With keen delight, he taught the German manhood to be hard and to be strong, and to rely upon their hardness and to rely upon their strength.
If I were required to explain the German initiation of the World War, were I to attempt to explain the recent substitution of German persecution for that culture for which the German people are renowned, and which produced that supremely excellent music of the generation just past: if I were required to account for those groundless and unseemly actions, which are a discredit to her great leadership. I should explain them in terms of the teaching of the philosopher Nietzsche. He has succeeded in inoculating the German blood with that barbaric spirit, which, in moments of sober thinking, may cause us to tremble for the future of our civilization.
What is the nature of that human weakness which seeks justice for itself and denies it to others? What is it within us which causes us to shudder at cruelty in the brute creation and to accept it with complacency among human beings? Why is justice glorified for one race as the supreme good and denied to another? It is a mental conception of the human which cannot be explained.
The average man in the English race has been fighting for more than a thousand years, trying to extract justice from the English ruling classes and make it secure for himself and his posterity forever. Justice is the life-line of a nation; injustice, the cancer which slowly eats away the heart. Let us call the roll of a few of the great empires of antiquity: Assyria, Syria, Babylonia, Persia, Greece, and Rome. Where is the Babylonian empire with its great wealth and power? What has become of Persia with her tremendous expanse of territory and might? What remains of the Grecian empire except her literature and her art? And Rome with her mighty armies? All of these mighty nations have perished on the rock of injustice. The world is littered with the remains of other dead empires which went likewise.
But in the hearts of men there is an instinct for justice which causes them to establish governments to protect the weak, to provide for the care of the children and the aged. This might properly include, justice in commerce in the courts, justice between men and men, justice among races, as well as the recent ambitious national program of social justice. Justice is the heart blood of civilization. Allow this to become stagnant, and the nation languishes and dies.— From The Message Center, March, 1935 issue
Death and BurialEdit
He died at age 80 at Mercy Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania of cerebral thrombosis with arteriosclerosis as a contributory cause. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington County, Virginia. On December 16, 2017, members of Tennessee State University's Alumni Association took part in the annual Wreaths Across America and laid a memorial wreath at LT McBryar's grave.
Induction into the Pentagon Hall of Heroes
Induction into the Fort Leavenworth Hall of Fame
Induction into the Arizona Veteran's Hall of Fame
Inclusion on the African American Medal of Honor Memorial
A historic marker in Elizabethtown, North Carolina marks the site of LT McBryar's childhood home.
Topps Baseball CardEdit
In 2009, Topps baseball cards produced a series of cards highlighting Medal of Honor recipients. LT William McBryar was featured on card #11.
Northwest Territorial Mint CoinEdit
In 2017, Northwest Territorial Mint produced 100 commemorative coins with LT McBryar's likeness. They were distributed to veterans at Tennessee State University's Veterans Day ceremony on November 10, 2017.
Two portraits of LT McBryar are known to exist, an oil wash by artist Jon Kardamis and an oil painting by Dr. Samuel Dunson. Both belong to a private collection and are on temporary display at Tennessee State University.
- "Catalogue of St. Augustine's Normal School [1882-1899]".
- McBryar, William, Individual Service Report, 14 July 1900, National Archives Microfilm M929, Roll 2, Target 9.
- Copy of Medal of Honor Certificate No. 379, signed by E.T. Conley, Major General, The Adjutant General, 25 Feb 1936
- "McBryar, William". www.cmohs.org. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
- Edwards, E. A., Personal Letter to Adjutant General State of North Carolina, 30 May 1898, National Archives Microfilm M929, Roll 2, Target 9.
- Caldwell, V.A., Letter to Wm. McBryar 1st Lieut. 8th U.S.Vol. Inf, 1898.
- Letter from the Adjutant General's Office, Washington, to Col Higgins, Fort Thomas, Kentucky, dated 7 September 1898.
- McBryar, William, Western Union Telegraph to the Adjutant enl. U.S.A. Washington D. C., 13 Sep 1898, National Archives Microfilm M929, Roll 2, Target 9.
- Oath of Office, witnessed by A.M. Hughes, 22 September 1898, National Archives Microfilm M929, Roll 2, Target 9
- Oath of Office, 22 September 1898, National Archives Microfilm, M929, Roll 2, Target 9.
- Schubert, Frank N. (1997). Black Valor: Buffalo Soldiers and the Medal of Honor, 1870-1898. Scholarly Resources Inc. p. 112. ISBN 9780842025867.
- MacArthur, Arthur (1900). Annual Report of Major General Arthur MacArthur, U.S. Volunteers, Commanding, Division of the Philippines, Military Governor in the Philippine Islands, Vol 1. Cornell University Library, Hoes Collection. pp. pg.85.
- "Grave of Mrs. Sallie B. Waugh McBryar". Findagrave. 15 Feb 2018. Retrieved 15 Feb 2018.
- Department of the Interior Bureau of Pensions form 3-389, 27 Mar 1923, signed by LT William McBryar, 29 Mar 1923.
- McBryar, William, Letter dated July 24th, 1938. Brown, Geogrge E. Letter dated August 1st, 1938 in reply to July 24th, 1938 letter. https://catalog.archives.gov/id/75300434.
- Schubert, Frank N. (1997). Black Valor: Buffalo Soldiers and the Medal of Honor, 1870-1898. Scholarly Resources Inc. p. 114. ISBN 9780842025867.
- Report of Physical Exam, C 2 419 213, Charlotte, NC, Jan 23, 1936
- The Bulletin, Catalog 1933-34, Candidates for Graduation, 1934, Tennessee Agricultural and Industrial State Teachers College, Volume XXII, Nashville, TN, August 1934, No. 11.
- McBryar, William, An Essay, The Message Center, March 1935, The Bulletin, May 1935.
- Certificate of Death No. 248416, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Pennsylvania Department of Health, 18 Mar 1941.
- "William McBryar". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-01-15.
- Catalogue of St. Augustine's Normal School [1882-1899], pg. 8 (1883-1884); pg. 7 (1884-1885); pg. 7 (1885-1886); http://library.digitalnc.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/yearbooks/id/6307/rec/1. Retrieved 2017-11-12.
- "William McBryar". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-01-15.
- "Indian Wars Period Medal of Honor recipients". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. 2005-04-19. Retrieved 2007-01-15.