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The line of the Antonine Wall runs roughly parallel between the River Kelvin to the north and the Forth and Clyde Canal to the south.[2]

Wilderness Plantation
Bonded warehouses at Buchley - - 62628.jpg
Bonded warehouses near the site of the Roman Fortlet[1]
Founded during the reign ofAntoninus Pius
CountyEast Dunbartonshire
Country United Kingdom
Discovery year1965
Conditionunder crops
Excavation dates1965, 1966

The site, like several others along the wall and beyond, was found by aerial photography, this discovery being reported in October 1965.[3] Following this Wilkes excavated in that year and the following one.[4] He approved of the term "interval fortlet" to describe this and other fortlets like Duntocher and Glasgow Bridge.[5]

The neighbouring forts to this fortlet are Balmuildy in the west and Cadder in the east.

A single Hadrian dupondius coin was found at Wilderness West.[6]

No coinage has been recovered nor are there any inscriptions from the fortlet although a single coin was picked up at Wilderness West.[7]

Many Roman forts along the wall held garrisons of around 500 men.[8] Larger forts like Castlecary and Birrens had a nominal cohort of 1000 men[9] but probably sheltered women and children[10] as well although the troops were not allowed to marry.[11] There is likely too to have been large communities of civilians around the site.[12]


  1. ^ "near Wilderness Plantation". Open Street Map. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  2. ^ "OS 25 inch map 1892-1949, with Bing opacity slider". National Library of Scotland. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Wilderness Plantation". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  4. ^ "WILDERNESS PLANTATION: FORTLET" (PDF). Frontiers of the Roman Empire. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  5. ^ Wilkes, J. J. (Sep 2010). "THE ANTONINE WALL FORTLET AT WILDERNESS PLANTATION, LANARKSHIRE". Glasgow Archaeological Journal. 3 (3): 51–65. Retrieved 2 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Wilderness West, Antonine Wall". Canmore. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Wilderness Plantation Antonine Wall Fortlet". Roman Britain. Retrieved 25 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Soldier". Frontiers of the Roman Empire. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  9. ^ Miller, S. N. (1952). The Roman Occupation Of South Western Scotland Being Reports Of Excavations And Surveys Carried Out Under The Auspices Of The Glasgow Archaeological Society By John Clarke, J. M. Davidson, Anne S. Robertson, J. K. St. Joseph, Edited For The Society With An Historical Survey By S. N. Miller. Glasgow: Robert Maclehose & Company Limited. Retrieved 11 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Children". Frontiers of the Roman Empire. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Roman child's leather shoe". A History of the World. BBC. Retrieved 17 October 2017.
  12. ^ Rohl, Darrell, Jesse. "More than a Roman Monument: A Place-centred Approach to the Long-term History and Archaeology of the Antonine Wall" (PDF). Durham Theses. Durham University. Available at Durham E-Theses Online ref: 9458. Retrieved 14 October 2017.

Coordinates: 55°55′17″N 4°14′43″W / 55.9215°N 4.2452°W / 55.9215; -4.2452