Wilburton, Oklahoma

Wilburton is a city in Latimer County, Oklahoma, United States. It is the county seat of Latimer County.[5] The city had a population of 2,843 at the 2010 census, a decline of 4.3 percent from the figure of 2,972 recorded in 2000.[6] Robbers Cave State Park is 5 miles (8.0 km) north of Wilburton.[7]

Wilburton, Oklahoma
Location of Wilburton within Oklahoma
Location of Wilburton within Oklahoma
Coordinates: 34°55′6″N 95°18′38″W / 34.91833°N 95.31056°W / 34.91833; -95.31056Coordinates: 34°55′6″N 95°18′38″W / 34.91833°N 95.31056°W / 34.91833; -95.31056
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountyLatimer
Government
 • TypeAldermanic
 • MayorStephen Brinlee
Area
 • Total3.13 sq mi (8.11 km2)
 • Land3.11 sq mi (8.05 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation
659 ft (201 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,843
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
2,542
 • Density817.36/sq mi (315.61/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
74578
Area code539/918
FIPS code40-81000[3]
GNIS ID1099754[4]
Websitecityofwilburton.com

HistoryEdit

 
Loading coal in the strip pits at a coal mine in Wilburton, 1898

The community now known as Wilburton was originally established as a group of settlers living around Riddle's Station, a stop for the Butterfield Overland Mail stagecoach along the trail from Fort Smith, Arkansas to Fort Worth, Texas. Riddle's Station was built in 1858 and the Overland Stage operated from 1857 to 1861. According to the Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture, it was likely named for Will Burton, a contractor and surveyor who was involved in platting the townsite and building the Choctaw Coal and Railway Company line from Wister to McAlester.[7] According to Oklahoma Place Names, it was named after Elisha Wilbur, who was the president of the Lehigh Valley Railroad.[8] The post office was established at Wilburton, Indian Territory in 1891.[8] At the time of its founding, the community was located in Sans Bois County, a part of the Moshulatubbee District of the Choctaw Nation.[9]

A tornado struck Wilburton on May 5, 1960, and injured more than one hundred people and killed thirteen.[7]

Initially, the local economy was based on cattle production and shipping. Then, during the 1890s and early 20th century, coal mining became the largest industry. In 1909, the state established the Oklahoma School of Mines and Metallurgy in Wilburton. The school name was later changed to Eastern Oklahoma A&M College and it is now known as Eastern Oklahoma State College.[7]

GeographyEdit

Wilburton is located at 34°55′6″N 95°18′38″W / 34.91833°N 95.31056°W / 34.91833; -95.31056 (34.918379, -95.310645).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), of which 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2) is land and 0.33% is water.

GovernmentEdit

Wilburton has a statutory aldermanic form of government.[7]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
19102,277
19202,226−2.2%
19301,524−31.5%
19401,92526.3%
19501,9390.7%
19601,772−8.6%
19702,50441.3%
19802,99619.6%
19903,0923.2%
20002,972−3.9%
20102,843−4.3%
2019 (est.)2,542[2]−10.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 2,972 people, 1,004 households, and 674 families residing in the city. The population density was 997.1 people per square mile (385.1/km2). There were 1,200 housing units at an average density of 402.6 per square mile (155.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.93% White, 1.35% African American, 16.92% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, and 5.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.36% of the population.

There were 1,004 households, out of which 34.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.4% under the age of 18, 20.5% from 18 to 24, 23.4% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $20,878, and the median income for a family was $25,543. Males had a median income of $22,917 versus $18,684 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,503. About 20.5% of families and 24.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.8% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over.

Parks and recreationEdit

City of Wilburton park facilities include Joe Roberson Park located northwest of City Hall, which received a $20,000 grant for new equipment.[12]

Sycamore Springs Golf Course is a 9-hole, semi-private golf course opened in 1970.[13]

Robbers Cave State Park, which encompasses Lake Carlton, Lake Wayne Wallace, and Coon Creek Lake, is to the north-northwest.[14]

Lloyd Church Lake to the south-southeast of town.[14]

EducationEdit

Primary and secondary educationEdit

The Wilburton Public School District oversees the Nancy W. Taylor High School in Wilburton.

Adult educationEdit

Eastern Oklahoma State College (formerly known as Oklahoma School of Mines and Metallurgy and later as Eastern Oklahoma A&M College) and Kiamichi Technology Center are located in Wilburton.[7]

TransportationEdit

Wilburton is served by US Route 270 and Oklahoma State Highway 2.[15]

Wilburton is in the region served by the KI BOIS Area Transit System ("KATS"), a low-cost public bus/van service established in 1983 to help communities, primarily in southeast Oklahoma, by providing access to Senior Citizen centers, groceries, medical services, and jobs.[16][17]

Wilburton Municipal Airport (FAA ID: H05) is 4 miles west of town, and features a 3000’ x 60’ paved runway.[18]

Commercial air transportation is available out of Fort Smith Regional Airport, about 70 miles northeast.[19]

The town has freight rail service through the Arkansas-Oklahoma Railroad.[20] That line in turn interchanges with the Kansas City Southern Railway at Howe, Oklahoma,[21] and with the Union Pacific Railway at McAlester, Oklahoma.[22]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ CensusViewer: Wilburton, Oklahoma Population.Wilburton, Oklahoma Population, CensusViewer
  7. ^ a b c d e f Johnston, Betty Wooldridge. Oklahoma Encyclopedia of History and Culture. "Wilburton." Retrieved March 5, 2015.[1]
  8. ^ a b Shirk, George H. Oklahoma Place Names, Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1965, p.222.
  9. ^ Morris, John W. Historical Atlas of Oklahoma (Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1986), plate 38.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ "Parks & Recreation". City of Wilburton. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
  13. ^ "Sycamore Springs Golf Course". GolfAdvisor. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Wilburton, Oklahoma". Google Maps. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
  15. ^ "Wilburton, Oklahoma". Google Maps. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  16. ^ "Oklahoma Department of Transportation Website-- KI BOIS Area Transit System". Retrieved 2011-06-15.
  17. ^ "Wilburton". KI BOIS Area Transit System. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  18. ^ "Wilburton Municipal Airport". AirNav.com. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  19. ^ "Major airports near Wilburton, Oklahoma". travelmath.com. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  20. ^ "Freight Services". Arkansas-Oklahoma Railroad Co. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  21. ^ "AOK: Arkansas-Oklahoma Railroad" (PDF). Kansas City Southern Lines. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  22. ^ "Arkansas-Oklahoma Railroad". Union Pacific. Retrieved August 29, 2021.

External linksEdit