Wikibooks (previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks) is a wiki-based Wikimedia project hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation for the creation of free content digital textbooks and annotated texts that anyone can edit.

Wikibooks logo from 2009 to the present
Detail of the Wikibooks main page. All major Wikibooks projects are listed by number of articles.
Screenshot of home page
Type of site
Textbooks wiki
Available inMultilingual (77 active)[1]
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
Created byUser Karl Wick and the Wikimedia Community
LaunchedJuly 10, 2003; 20 years ago (2003-07-10)
Current statusActive
Growth of the eight largest Wikibooks sites (by language), July 2003–January 2010

Initially, the project was created solely in English in July 2003; a later expansion to include additional languages was started in July 2004.[2] As of June 2024, there are Wikibooks sites active for 77 languages[1] comprising a total of 378,442 articles and 1,612 recently active editors.[3]



The domain was registered on July 19, 2003.[4] It was launched to host and build free textbooks on subjects such as organic chemistry and physics, in response to a request by Wikipedia contributor Karl Wick.[5][6] Two major sub-projects, Wikijunior and Wikiversity, were created within Wikibooks before its official policy was later changed so that future incubator-type projects are started according to the Wikimedia Foundation's new project policy.[clarification needed]

In August 2006, Wikiversity became an independent Wikimedia Foundation project.[7]

Since 2008, Wikibooks has been included in BASE.[8]

In June 2016, estimated that Wikibooks had 1,478,812 unique visitors.[9]



Wikijunior is a subproject of Wikibooks that specializes in books for children. The project consists of both a magazine and a website, and is currently being developed in English, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, Arabic and Bangla. It is funded by a grant from the Beck Foundation.[citation needed]

Book content

Visualization of the development in the German Wikibook project Mathe für Nicht-Freaks

While some books are original, others began as text copied over from other sources of free content textbooks found on the Internet. All of the site's content is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike license (or a compatible license). This means that, as with its sister project, Wikipedia, contributions remain copyrighted to their creators, while the licensing ensures that it can be freely distributed and reused subject to certain conditions.

How English Wikibooks is structured

Wikibooks differs from Wikisource in that Wikisource collects exact copies and original translations of existing free content works, such as the original text of Shakespearean plays, while Wikibooks is dedicated either to original works, significantly altered versions of existing works, or annotations to original works.

Multilingual statistics


As of June 2024, there are Wikibooks sites for 121 languages of which 77 are active and 44 are closed.[1] The active sites have 378,442 articles and the closed sites have 671 articles.[3] There are 4,709,441 registered users of which 1,612 are recently active.[3]

The top ten Wikibooks language projects by mainspace article count:[3]

No. Language Wiki Good Total Edits Admins Users Active users Files
1 English en 98,402 291,391 4,268,039 10 3,467,316 284 2,689
2 Vietnamese vi 49,957 90,702 510,281 2 18,369 14 1,009
3 Hungarian hu 41,685 100,137 470,981 3 14,978 16 21,358
4 German de 31,653 78,111 1,032,569 8 112,110 72 7,825
5 French fr 20,105 57,610 720,034 7 118,113 46 169
6 Italian it 17,394 38,518 455,665 3 51,264 168 774
7 Japanese ja 14,966 28,503 250,516 4 83,443 48 429
8 Portuguese pt 13,635 80,479 493,957 3 69,379 31 1,031
9 Spanish es 9,282 39,128 415,672 9 123,828 45 0
10 Dutch nl 9,099 29,459 387,864 8 28,421 21 21

For a complete list with totals, see Wikimedia Statistics.[10]



Meng-Fen et al suggested that while there isn't much social connection between contributors of wikibooks, the contributors had no major issues coordinating to write books.[11]

See also



  1. ^ a b c Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Sitematrix. Retrieved June 2024 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/
  2. ^ "Wikibooks Statistics - Article count (official)". Wikimedia. Archived from the original on 14 April 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Siteinfo. Retrieved June 2024 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/
  4. ^ " Whois Record". DomainTools, LLC. Archived from the original on 23 January 2022. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  5. ^ "Talk:Science Hypertextbook project". Wikimedia Meta-Wiki. Wikimedia Foundation. June 23, 2003. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  6. ^ Wick, Karl (June 17, 2003). "a spot for WP textbook devel". (Mailing list). Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved October 1, 2022.
  7. ^ "Wikipedia, now serving K-12 and over". Mental Floss. 2006-08-04. Archived from the original on 2019-09-28. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  8. ^ "Wikibooks: Viquillibres: Portada". Bielefeld Academic Search Engine. Archived from the original on 28 November 2022. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Site Profile for". compete. Archived from the original on 2010-06-08. Retrieved July 19, 2016.
  10. ^ "Wikibooks Statistics". Archived from the original on 13 September 2020. Retrieved 11 September 2020.
  11. ^ Lin, Meng-Fen Grace; Sajjapanroj, Suthiporn; Bonk, Curtis J. (October 2011). "Wikibooks and Wikibookians: Loosely Coupled Community or a Choice for Future Textbooks?". IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies. 4 (4): 327–339. doi:10.1109/TLT.2011.12. Retrieved 2024-03-14.

Further reading