Wikibooks

Wikibooks (previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks) is a wiki-based Wikimedia project hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation for the creation of free content e-book textbooks and annotated texts that anyone can edit.

Wikibooks
Wikibooks logo from 2009 to the present
Detail of the Wikibooks main page. All major Wikibooks projects are listed by number of articles.
Screenshot of wikibooks.org home page
Type of site
Textbooks wiki
Available inMultilingual (76 active)[1]
OwnerWikimedia Foundation
Created byUser Karl Wick and the Wikimedia Community
URLwww.wikibooks.org
Alexa rankNegative increase 4,492 (Global, August 2020)[2]
CommercialNo
RegistrationOptional
LaunchedJuly 10, 2003; 17 years ago (2003-07-10)
Current statusActive
Growth of the eight largest Wikibooks sites (by language), July 2003–Jan 2010

Initially, the project was created solely in English in July 2003; a later expansion to include additional languages was started in July 2004.[3] As of October 2020, there are Wikibooks sites active for 76 languages[1] comprising a total of 282,908 articles and 1,371 recently active editors.[4]

HistoryEdit

The wikibooks.org domain was registered on July 19, 2003 (2003-07-19).[5] It was launched to host and build free textbooks on subjects such as organic chemistry and physics. Two major sub-projects, Wikijunior and Wikiversity, were created within Wikibooks before its official policy was later changed so that future incubator-type projects are started according to the Wikimedia Foundation's new project policy.

In August 2006, Wikiversity became an independent Wikimedia Foundation project.[6]

Since 2008, Wikibooks is included in BASE.[7]

In June 2016, Compete.com estimated that Wikibooks had 1,478,812 unique visitors.[8]

WikijuniorEdit

Wikijunior is a subproject of Wikibooks that specializes in books for children. The project consists of both a magazine and a website, and is currently being developed in English, Danish, Finnish, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Spanish, and Arabic. It is funded by a grant from the Beck Foundation.

Book contentEdit

Visualization of the development in the German Wikibook project Mathe für Nicht-Freaks

While some books are original, others began as text copied over from other sources of free content textbooks found on the Internet. All of the site's content is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike license (or a compatible license). This means that, as with its sister project, Wikipedia, contributions remain copyrighted to their creators, while the licensing ensures that it can be freely distributed and reused subject to certain conditions.

Wikibooks differs from Wikisource in that Wikisource collects exact copies and original translations of existing free content works, such as the original text of Shakespearean plays, while Wikibooks is dedicated either to original works, significantly altered versions of existing works, or annotations to original works.

The project is working towards completion of textbooks on numerous subjects, which founders hope will be followed by mainstream adoption and use of textbooks developed and housed there.

Multi-lingualEdit

As of October 2020, there are Wikibooks sites for 120 languages of which 76 are active and 44 are closed.[1] The active sites have 282,908 articles and the closed sites have 671 articles.[4] There are 4,337,433 registered users of which 1,371 are recently active.[4]

The top ten Wikibooks language projects by mainspace article count:[4]

Language Wiki Good Total Edits Admins Users Active users Files
1 English en 87,947 265,240 3,729,265 9 3,307,746 501 1,740
2 Hungarian hu 31,513 78,203 383,795 3 11,071 11 20,415
3 German de 28,664 72,544 929,642 11 97,704 89 7,682
4 French fr 16,318 52,567 647,471 6 99,943 66 167
5 Italian it 13,021 31,407 387,097 4 43,032 38 779
6 Portuguese pt 12,817 78,364 464,699 4 58,431 40 1,031
7 Japanese ja 11,994 22,644 169,381 4 58,197 56 377
8 Spanish es 8,627 36,752 389,272 12 111,567 36 0
9 Dutch nl 8,357 27,449 345,658 10 23,877 34 17
10 Polish pl 6,387 39,184 385,194 3 30,912 27 920

For a complete list with totals see Wikimedia Statistics: [9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Sitematrix. Retrieved October 2020 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/meta.tab
  2. ^ "alexa.com Competitive Analysis, Marketing Mix and Traffic - Alexa". www.alexa.com. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  3. ^ "Wikibooks Statistics - Article count (official)". Wikimedia. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d Wikimedia's MediaWiki API:Siteinfo. Retrieved October 2020 from Data:Wikipedia statistics/data.tab
  5. ^ "Wikibooks.org Whois Record". DomainTools, LLC. Retrieved 22 January 2013.
  6. ^ "Wikipedia, now serving K-12 and over". mentalfloss.com. 2006-08-04. Retrieved 2019-09-28.
  7. ^ "Suchmaschine BASE (Bielefeld Academic Search Engine): Wikibooks: Viquillibres : Portada". www.base-search.net. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Site Profile for wikibooks.org" Archived 2010-06-08 at the Wayback Machine, compete, retrieved July 19, 2016
  9. ^ "Wikibooks Statistics". Meta.Wikimedia.org. Retrieved 11 September 2020.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit