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West New Brighton (also called West Brighton) is a neighborhood of Staten Island, New York City, situated along the central North Shore. The neighborhood borders New Brighton to the east, Port Richmond to the west, the waters of the Kill Van Kull to the north, and the communities of Sunnyside and Castleton Corners to the south.

West New Brighton
A ravioli shop on Forest Avenue in West New Brighton.
A ravioli shop on Forest Avenue in West New Brighton.
Nickname(s): 
West Brighton
Location within New York City
Coordinates: 40°38′06″N 74°06′43″W / 40.635°N 74.112°W / 40.635; -74.112Coordinates: 40°38′06″N 74°06′43″W / 40.635°N 74.112°W / 40.635; -74.112
Country United States
State New York
City New York City
Borough Staten Island
Community DistrictStaten Island 1[1]
Area
 • Total3.41 km2 (1.318 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total20,099
 • Density5,900/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Economics
 • Median income$74,062
ZIP codes
10310
Area code718, 347, 929, and 917

West New Brighton is part of Staten Island Community District 1 and its ZIP Code is 10310.[1] West New Brighton is patrolled by the 120th Precinct of the New York City Police Department.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Originally known as "Factoryville," Islanders now commonly refer to the area as West Brighton. Some parts of the neighborhood closer to the shoreline are referred to as "Livingston" and or "Randall Manor". This area of Staten Island was originally settled by the Dutch in the 1600s, who were then followed by English settlers. During the American Revolution residents of West Brighton overtly remained loyal to the Crown. Successive waves of immigrants to the US then led to the area becoming populated by the Irish, followed by Italians. Today, the neighborhood consists mostly of Irish, Germans, African Americans, and Hispanics.

The oldest continually operating cricket club in the US was established in West Brighton in 1872, at the site now operated as Walker Park. The Staten Island Cricket Club still has matches there. This is also the site of the first lawn tennis court in the US, built in 1873.

The neighborhood was transformed in the years following World War II. Two large public housing developments were built . The first, the Markham Homes, was originally built to house the families of shipyard & defense workers. The West Brighton Houses followed. Starting in 2004 tenants in The Markham Homes were evicted, so the site might be redeveloped. As of 2007 all tenants had been relocated. While claims had been made that many residents would be able to return into the redeveloped area, few have been able to.[3]

Since the late 90s the area has seen a reduction in some crime rates. Richmond Terrace, which is the main thoroughfare along the Kill Van Kull waterfront, is home to several shipyards and tugboat companies. The area south of Forest Avenue, continues to be home to some of West Brighton's more affluent residents including politicians, lawyers, judges and professionals (particularly in the "Sunset Hill" portion east of Broadway).

DemographicsEdit

For census purposes, the New York City government classifies New Brighton as part of a larger neighborhood tabulation area called West New Brighton-New Brighton-St. George.[4] Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of West New Brighton-New Brighton-St. George was 33,551, a change of 1,397 (4.2%) from the 32,154 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 1,403.06 acres (567.80 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 23.9 inhabitants per acre (15,300/sq mi; 5,900/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 59.1%(8,859) White, 22.2% (10,630) African American, 0.3% (100) Native American, 5% (1,691) Asian, 0% (10) Pacific Islander, 0.4% (123) from other races, and 2.5% (835) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.7% (11,303) of the population.[6]

LandmarksEdit

Notable landmarks include the Staten Island Zoo, and several small abandoned cemeteries in which members of some of the island's founding families are interred. Snug Harbor is also located in nearby Livingston. It holds baseball fields, a children's museum, a Chinese garden, botanical gardens, the Art Lab and the Staten Island Conservatory of Music. St. Peter's Cemetery, which is still properly maintained and is the oldest Roman Catholic cemetery on Staten Island (opened in 1848), is also located here.

The former St. Vincent's Medical Center, now known as Richmond University Medical Center is located in West Brighton. While most of the buildings on the RUMC campus date from the late 1960s or more recent, the Garner Mansion goes back to the 19th Century. It at one time was used for the St. Austin's Military School, now defunct.

The Michael J. Mahoney playground is a reminder of a small dose of American History.[7] A son of New York City, and West Brighton, he went off with the US Marines to fight in World War I. He fought in 5 major battles in 1918. Mahoney along with many other Marines, was killed charging up Blanc Mont Ridge, France into the German Maxim machine guns. It is considered by many historians to be the real breaking point of the Germans defensive line before the German homeland. His body was repatriated from his burial plot amongst the thousands of Americans Marines and soldiers buried in World War I memorial cemeteries in France in 1924. His grave is located in St. Peters Cemetery in the family plot. The playground was dedicated in 1940 by the City of New York.

The Calvary Presbyterian Church, Dr. Samuel MacKenzie Elliott House, Gardiner-Tyler House, Kreuzer-Pelton House, and Scott-Edwards House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[8]

Police and crimeEdit

West New Brighton and the North Shore are patrolled by the 120th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 78 Richmond Terrace.[9] The 120th Precinct ranked 12th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010.[10]

The 120th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 85.4% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 10 murders, 34 rapes, 147 robberies, 274 felony assaults, 152 burglaries, 304 grand larcenies, and 61 grand larcenies auto in 2018.[11]

Fire safetyEdit

West New Brighton is served by the New York City Fire Department (FDNY)'s Engine Co. 156, located at 412 Broadway,[12][13] and Ladder Co. 79/Battalion 22, located at 1189 Castleton Avenue.[14][13]

Post office and ZIP codeEdit

West New Brighton is located within the ZIP Code 10310.[15] The United States Postal Service operates the West New Brighton Station at 1015 Castleton Avenue.[16]

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

The New York City Department of Education operates the following public schools near West New Brighton:[17]

  • PS 18 John G Whittier (grades PK-5)[18]
  • IS 27 Anning S Prall (grades 6-8)[19]
  • PS 45 John Tyler (grades PK-5)[20]

LibraryEdit

The New York Public Library (NYPL)'s West New Brighton branch is located at 976 Castleton Avenue. When the branch opened in 1913, it was a sub-branch of the NYPL. The West New Brighton moved to a second location in 1918, and then to its present site in 1933.[21]

TransportationEdit

West New Brighton was served by the West New Brighton station of the Staten Island Railway's North Shore Branch until March 31, 1953. As of 2014, West New Brighton is served by the S40, S44, S46, S48, S53, S54, S90, S94, S96 and S98 local buses and the SIM30 express bus.[22]

Notable residentsEdit

  • Anna Leonowens, Anglo-Indian writer and educator known for being governess for the King of Siam which she chronicled while on Staten Island in The English Governess at the Siamese Court (1870) and was later made into the musical The King and I. She operated a school for girls and lived on Tompkins Place.
  • Debi Rose, City Councilwoman who was born and raised in the neighborhood.
  • Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa, Irish Fenian Leader lived at 194 Richmond Terrace.[23]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "West Brighton neighborhood in New York". Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  3. ^ Nyback, Glenn (2009-03-09). "Some former residents of Staten Island's Markham Gardens not eligible to return". Staten Island Advance. Retrieved 2009-08-22.
  4. ^ New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  5. ^ Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016.
  6. ^ Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  7. ^ "Mahoney Playground". Retrieved 7 May 2016.
  8. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
  9. ^ "NYPD – 120th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
  10. ^ "St. George – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
  11. ^ "120th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
  12. ^ "Engine Company 156". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  13. ^ a b "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  14. ^ "Ladder Company 79/Battalion 22". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  15. ^ "New Brighton, New York City-Staten Island, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  16. ^ "Location Details: West New Brighton". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  17. ^ "WestBrighton New York School Ratings and Reviews". Zillow. Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  18. ^ "P.S. 018 John G. Whittier". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  19. ^ "I.S. 027 Anning S. Prall". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  20. ^ "P.S. 045 John Tyler". New York City Department of Education. December 19, 2018. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  21. ^ "About the West New Brighton Library". The New York Public Library. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
  22. ^ "Staten Island Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. August 2018. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
  23. ^ NY Times June 7th 1914