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A map of Mesopotamia showing Washukanni, Nineveh, Hatra, Assur, Nuzi, Palmyra, Mari, Sippar, Babylon, Kish, Nippur, Isin, Lagash, Uruk, Charax Spasinu and Ur, from north to south.

Washukanni (also spelled Waššukanni or Vasukhani) was the capital of the Hurrian kingdom of Mitanni, from around 1500 BCE to the 13th century BCE. Its precise location is unknown. A proposal locates it under the largely unexcavated mound of Tell el Fakhariya, near Tell Halaf in Syria, but this idea was rejected by Edward Lipinski.[1] Its etymology in Sanskrit, which was used by the Mitanni, is "Vasukhani", वसुखानी, the "mine of wealth" as the Vasu are the gods who are wealth-givers.[2]

The city is known to have been sacked by the Hittites under Suppiluliuma I (reigned c. 1344–1322 BCE) in the first years of his reign, whose treaty inscription[3] relates that he installed a Hurrian vassal king, Shattiwaza. The city was sacked again by the Assyrian king Adad-nirari I around 1290 BCE, but very little else is known of its history.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lipiński, Edward (2000). The Aramaeans: Their Ancient History, Culture, Religion. Peeters Publishers. p. 120. ISBN 978-90-429-0859-8.
  2. ^ S. Kak, Akhenaten, Surya and the Rgveda, in "The Golden Chain", Govind Chandra Pande (editor), CRC, 2005. [1]
  3. ^ Suppiluliuma-Shattiwaza treaty excerpts. GeoCities, archived at webcitation.org and archive.org