WGR (550 AM) – branded "WGR Sports Radio 550" – is a commercial sports radio station licensed to serve Buffalo, New York. It is the flagship station of both the Buffalo Bills Radio Network and the Sabres Radio Network. WGR airs a mostly local sports talk and play-by-play lineup, with ESPN Radio heard nights and weekends. Owned by Entercom, its studios and offices are located on Corporate Parkway in Amherst, while the station transmitter—utilized by it and co-owned WWKB—resides in Hamburg. In addition to a standard analog transmission, WGR is relayed over the second HD subchannel of WKSE, and is available online via Radio.com.

WGR
WGR logo.png
CityBuffalo, New York
Broadcast areaWestern New York
Frequency550 kHz
BrandingWGR Sports Radio 550
SloganWestern New York's Sports Giant
Programming
FormatSports radio
AffiliationsBuffalo Bills Radio Network
ESPN Radio
Sabres Hockey Network
Westwood One
Ownership
OwnerEntercom
(Entercom License, LLC)
WBEN, WKSE, WWKB, WTSS, WWWS, WLKK
History
First air date
May 22, 1922 (1922-05-22)
Former frequencies
940 kHz (1927)
990 kHz (1927-1928)
Call sign meaning
George Rand, a key investor in the station's founding owner
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID56101
ClassB
Power5.000 watts
Transmitter coordinates
42°46′11″N 78°50′37″W / 42.76972°N 78.84361°W / 42.76972; -78.84361
Repeater(s)98.5 WKSE-HD2 (Niagara Falls)
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS
WebcastListen live (via Radio.com)
Websitewgr550.radio.com

WGR is Western New York's oldest radio station, dating back to 1922. During the day, it can be heard across nearly all of Western New York, the Greater Toronto Area, and nearby Erie, Pennsylvania. While a single tower is used during the day, power is fed to a four tower array at night in a directional pattern to protect WKRC in Cincinnati, Ohio and WDEV in Waterbury, Vermont, concentrating the signal around Buffalo and Toronto.

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

The history of Buffalo's first radio station has its roots at sea. On April 1, 1921 the SS Governor, a passenger ship, sank to the bottom of the Pacific Ocean off Port Townsend, Washington after collision with a freighter, the SS West Hartland.[1] The passenger ship's assigned radio call sign was WGR. Due to maritime superstition, the call letters were never reissued to another ship and reverted to a pool of available call signs for new radio stations.

That same year, the Federal Telephone & Telegraph Company (FTTC), headquartered in a sprawling manufacturing complex in North Buffalo, began marketing its first, completely assembled radio sets. To fill a radio void in the city, and to stimulate sales of the company's new "high-tech" products, the FTTC applied for and received a commercial radio license from the Department of Commerce. It took WGR from the pool of available call letters in honor of George Rand (founder of Remington Rand), a key investor in the FTTC. On May 22, 1922, WGR first signed on the air, beginning nearly a century of continuous service to Western New York and Southern Ontario. Published reports say that the first programs on WGR were: a clergyman's lecture; a concert from Victor's Furniture Store showroom; and a presentation on the advantages of a college education by Dr. Julian Park, from the University of Buffalo.

In 1927, General Order 40 bumped WGR, then operating at 990 kHz, to its current frequency at 550, which in turn moved the station at that frequency, WMAK, to 900. (WMAK ceased operations in 1932; its lineage now rests with WUFO.)[2] WGR remained at 550 when the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement (NARBA) was implemented in 1941.

WGR-TV and WGR-FMEdit

In the late 1940s, the station was bought by a consortium of Western New York families known as the WGR Corporation. The company signed on WGR-TV (channel 2) in 1953 and WGR-FM (now WGRF) in 1959. WGR Corporation bought several other television and radio stations in the 1950s, and eventually became known as Transcontinent Broadcasting. Transcontinent merged with Taft Broadcasting in 1964. Taft sold off WGR-TV in 1983. Due to a now-repealed FCC rule that prohibited TV and radio stations in the same market, but with different owners, from sharing the same call letters, the TV station amended its call letters to WGRZ after it was sold. The company retained both WGR radio and WGRF.

During its days as a full service radio station, its roster of personalities included "Buffalo Bob" Smith, later famous for TV's Howdy Doody children's show, and popular national TV and nightclub comedian Foster Brooks. The station's longtime music format combining Adult Top 40 hits and rock oldies and featured some of Buffalo's top radio personalities, talk hosts and news reporters including Stan Roberts, Frank Benny, Tom Donahue, Randy Michaels, Jim Scott, Jerry Reo, Shane, Joe Galuski, Tom Langmyer, George Hamberger, Tom Shannon, John Otto, Chuck Lakefield, Don Dussias, Lauri Githens, Wayne Smith, Sandy Kozel, Jane Tomczak, Tom Bauerle (as well as his brother, Dick Bauerle), Craig Matthews. WGR gradually evolved to talk radio during the late 1980s.

In 1987, Taft sold WGR and WGRF to Rich Communications, which was part of the Robert Rich family's business holdings, which also included a major processed-food company (and with it, naming rights for the Buffalo Bills stadium then [now called New Era Field]) and a venture applying for a National League expansion baseball franchise (for which WGR was projected to be flagship station of the team's projected network). Although the Rich interests were the National League's choice for the new franchise they dropped out of the competition for an expansion team set to begin play in 1993 (which ultimately went to Denver, Colorado as the Colorado Rockies) for cost reasons. Soon after, WGR was eventually spun off to new owners.

The 1990s: News Radio 55Edit

For much of the 1990s, WGR was a successful news/talk station, competing head to head with WBEN-AM 930. From 1990 to 1994, WGR owned the radio broadcast rights to the Buffalo Bills, the Buffalo Sabres and the Buffalo Bisons. The Buffalo Bills' four consecutive Super Bowl seasons were broadcast on WGR, whose Program Directors included Chuck Finney (1991–1993), Daryl Parks (1993–1995) and Jim Pastrick (1995–2000).

Through its news-talk era the WGR line-up featured a variety of programs such as Breakfast with Bauerle (Tom Bauerle), The Fabulous Sports Babe, Chuck Dickerson, Art Wander, Extension 55 with John Otto, Ron Dobson, John and Ken, Rick Emerson, Joey Reynolds, and several other local and national hosts. Syndicated talk radio host Leslie Marshall, controversial talk radio host J. R. Gach and future WFAN New York morning drive fixture Craig Carton also worked at the station. Jesse Ventura was at one time a candidate to host a show on the station, but lost out to Dobson.[3] The station was, from the network's inception, an affiliate of ESPN Radio, which it carried on the weekends from 1992 to 2013.

In 1995, Rich Communications which owned both WGR and its FM counterpart WGRF, sold WGRF to Mercury Radio headed by Charles W. Banta. Simultaneously, Rich Communications entered into a local marketing agreement (LMA) with Keymarket Communications. The Federal Communications Commission approved the sale of WGR to Keymarket within twelve months of the LMA. Keymarket also owned WBEN, WMJQ, WWKB and WKSE. Keymarket merged with River City Broadcasting which was purchased by Sinclair Broadcast Group in 1997. Sinclair Broadcast Group sold its entire radio division to Entercom Communications in 1999. In February 2000, WGR changed formats from News-Talk to Sports-Talk.

Becoming an all sports stationEdit

In February 2000, WGR became an all-sports talk radio station. Bauerle, for a short time, was retained and paired with Chris "Bulldog" Parker, who joined from WBEN for the morning show. Chuck Dickerson maintained his afternoon drive show. Jim Rome, who was added to the WGR line-up in late summer 1998, was retained when WGR switched to all sports. Anne Burke, a frequent caller to the station's talk shows, joined Bob Gaughan to co-host middays. Mike Maniscalco and later Brad Riter hosted the evening shift.

From October 2000 to 2004, WGR competed with WNSA-FM, an FM station licensed to Wethersfield, NY in rural Wyoming county (with a 107.3 translator in Buffalo). The two stations battled for listeners and the rights to broadcast sporting events. Several teams' broadcasts bounced between the two stations, such as the Bandits, New York Yankees, and Buffalo Destroyers.

 
Schopp & Bulldog

WGR landed a coup when it signed WNSA's top afternoon host, Mike Schopp, from WNSA-FM in 2002; the event came at about the same time as when Rigas and Adelphia Communications were beginning to collapse under massive financial scandal. WNSA never recovered and eventually WGR took the upper hand in the local sports radio battle. Schopp was at first teamed with Chuck Dickerson in afternoon drive. When Dickerson departed WGR, Schopp was teamed with Chris "Bulldog" Parker. Bauerle moved from WGR to sister station WBEN, Gaughan joined Kevin Sylvester in morning drive (Burke had been released long before this). Riter was paired with sidekick Jeremy White in the evening and lastly The Tony Kornheiser Show (from ESPN) was added in Gaughan and Burke's old time slot. (Kornheiser would later be replaced by Colin Cowherd by ESPN.)

With the purchase of WNSA, WGR re-joined the New York Yankees radio network and for the first time since 1996, regained the radio rights to the Buffalo Sabres. Howard Simon, also from WNSA, joined in November 2004, with White moving from evenings to mornings to be Simon's sidekick.

In 2006, the Sabres and WGR renewed their broadcast agreement through 2012, and Yankees rights were dropped by 2007. In 2007, host Brad Riter was fired after failing to report for work, and he joined rival WECK in March 2008. A series of WGR staffers, as well as past and present Buffalo media personalities such as former WNSA and Empire host (and former KOHD-DT morning anchor) Jim Brinson and WIVB-TV sports director Dennis Williams, hosted the vacated slot. (WGR also tried to lure John Murphy, but because he was also at the time the radio host of the Bills, his contract prevented him from hosting the slot.) In January 2008, Williams was hired as the new evening host at WGR; WIVB declined to his contract shortly thereafter, and replaced him with Murphy. Williams left the station in early 2009 to enter the sales industry. On January 4, 2012, it was announced that WGR would become the Buffalo Bills Radio Network flagship station. With the addition of Buffalo Bills broadcast rights going to WGR, the evening time slot was held by Bills announcer John Murphy.

WGR began a partial simulcast on Rochester sister station WROC in September 2008. Sabres games, Schopp and the Bulldog, and ESPN Radio were carried on WROC; Schopp and the Bulldog was dropped in 2011.[4]

In 2012, WGR secured the rights to the Buffalo Bills Radio Network after previous owner WGRF decided against renewing their contract. As part of the deal, John Murphy began hosting a nightly talk show dedicated to the Bills on nights when the Sabres did not play. At the same time, Kevin Sylvester also returned to the station as the host of a daily Sabres-oriented talk show, Hockey Hotline, which last aired in 2004. WGR parent company Entercom moved the ESPN Radio affiliation to its own full-time affiliate, WWKB, in September 2013.[5]

In 2016, the formation of MSG Western New York was announced. A regional sports channel for Western New York, the channel includes both Sabres and Bills programming. Two main WGR shows Sabres Hockey Hotline and The John Murphy Show began simulcasting on the channel on October 3, 2016. WGR and Pegula Sports and Entertainment reached a five-year contract extension for radio broadcasts not long afterward, keeping the Bills and Sabres broadcasts on WGR through 2021.

WGR targets a key demographic of men 25 to 54 years old. It has the highest Nielsen Ratings of any station in the Buffalo market among that demographic as of autumn 2018.[6]

Broadcast signalEdit

WGR's broadcast signal broadcasts at a power of 5,000 watts. During the day, the nondirectional signal, assisted by the Great Lakes, can stretch from Toledo, Ohio to Watertown, New York. At night, the signal is shifted to a directional north-to-south pattern aimed toward Toronto, Ontario.

In 2006, WGR resumed streaming its programming on the Internet after a four-year hiatus. WGR also broadcasts on the HD Radio digital subchannel of WKSE (FM 98.5).

Current programmingEdit

WGR personalities Howard Simon[7] and Jeremy White host the morning-drive show, while middays are split between two daily talk shows produced by Pegula Sports and Entertainment: The Instigators with Craig Rivet and Andrew Peters, and One Bills Live with Chris Brown and Steve Tasker. Afternoons are hosted by Mike Schopp and Chris "Bulldog" Parker, while Joe DiBiase hosts The Nightcap in early evenings. Specialty programming on weeknights includes MRN Radio's NASCAR Live with Eli Gold, and Performance Racing Network's The O'Reilly Auto Parts Pit Reporters with Brett McMillan. ESPN Radio programming airs in late-night, overnights and on weekends. Both The Instigators and One Bills Live are also carried on television through MSG Western New York.

The station serves as the flagship station for: the Buffalo Bills Radio Network, with John Murphy and Eric Wood calling all games on-site; the Sabres Hockey Network, with Rick Jeanneret, Dan Dunleavy and Rob Ray calling games on-site; and the Buffalo Bandits, with John Gurtler and Randy Mearns calling games on-site. WGR also carries portions of ESPN Radio's Major League Baseball play-by-play as well as NASCAR Sprint Cup play-by-play via the Motor Racing Network.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Broadcast Station Calls With a Past, WILLIAM FENWICK, Radio Broadcast, July 1928, pg 150
  2. ^ Fybush, Scott (February 26, 2018). "Remembering Buffalo's BBC". Tower Site of the Week. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  3. ^ http://www.buffalonews.com/entertainment/story/663738.html
  4. ^ Fybush, Scott. NorthEast Radio Watch. 18 August 2008.
  5. ^ Pergament, Alan (September 5, 2013). Sabres games in NHL prospect tourney on new ESPN Buffalo. The Buffalo News. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
  6. ^ https://buffalonews.com/2019/02/06/all-sports-station-wgr-is-on-a-ratings-roll-in-key-demographic/
  7. ^ https://buffalonews.com/2019/08/07/wgrs-simon-asked-off-pregame-bills-tonight-has-new-host-mcdermotts-show-has-new-home/

External linksEdit