Votuporanga is a municipality in the Northwest of the São Paulo state, Brazil. The city is located 520 km from São Paulo. The population of the city, according to the IBGE, is 94,692 inhabitants. Votuporanga is the center of a Microregion with 139,475 inhabitants. In 2016, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Votuporanga was formed by Pope Francis.
|The Municipality of
Aerial view of the town centre
|Nickname(s): City of the Soft Breezes|
Location of Votuporanga
|Mesoregion||São José do Rio Preto|
|• Mayor||Nasser Marão Filho|
|• Total||424.11 km2 (163.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||525 m (1,722 ft)|
|• Density||199.69/km2 (517.2/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 (UTC-3)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-2 (UTC-2)|
|Area code(s)||+55 17|
|Website||Votuporanga, São Paulo|
Votuporanga's history is closely linked to that of the coffee trade in Brazil. The land where the city is located originally belonged to the Marinheiro de Cima Farm, owned by Francisco Schmidt. Schmidt was forced to sell the land to Theodor Wille, owner of the Wille, Schmillinski e Cia. company, to settle outstanding debts. The land was thus divided up into plots and sold at a low price. Little by little the area's population began to grow, until at last, becoming part of the district of Vila Monteiro, now Álvares Florence, and the municipal district of Monte Aprazível.
The name, Votuporanga, was suggested by Sebastião Almeida de Oliveira, notary public for the local town of Tanabi. Votuporanga, in Tupi language, means "Good winds" or "Soft breezes". The town on Votuporanga was founded on August 8, 1937. Father Isidoro Cordeiro Paranhos celebrated a Catholic mass on this same day, thus becoming one of the pilars of the town's heritage.
In 1945 Votuporanga was decreed to be a municipal district, and center for the local county. The first mayor was Francisco Villar Horta. In the same year, an important development took place with the arrival of the Railroad Araraquarense, providing a vital rail connection to the Port of Santos. Two other principal features of the city are the Santa Casa de Misericórdia hospital and the contemporary Igreja de Nossa Senhora Aparecida (Church of Our Lady Aparecida).
In the 1970s, the state highway Rodovia Euclides da Cunha, SP-320, which connects Votuporanga to the state capital, was tarmacked, helping to develop the growth of the town. Also around this time, the educational institution UNIFEV was created. In the 1980s, the city experienced economic growth, mainly in the Furniture, agricultural machinery industry and metalworking for the haulage industry.
In the Tupi language, votu means "air", "breeze" and poranga means "nice", "good". Literally this term means "good air", "good winds" or "soft breezes". The city is known as the "City of soft breezes".
73.85% of the city's GDP is generated by the Tertiary sector, and 23.61% comes from Industry. Votuporanga has a significant furniture industry, characterized by small and medium companies. These firms employ around 15,000 workers.
Votuporanga has 2 hospitals, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Votuporanga and Casa de Saúde e Maternidade Nossa Srª Aparecida. There are also 2 free access priority healthcare facilities for non-critical emergency treatment, Mini-Hospital "Fortunata G. Pozzobon" and an UPA 24hrs.
Votuporanga is well known for its nightlife. With the local motto "ímã da diversão" (Magnet of Entertainment), it is recognized as one of the most vibrant nightlife centres in the microregion.
Pride in Votuporanga's cow-breeding heritage is one of the cornerstones of Votuporangese identity. "Ópera," the most expensive cow ever sold in Brazil, is from the Votuporanga microregion. Numerous streets, a shopping centre and a local brothel are named in her honour.
- "Population at "Censo 2010"" (PDF) (in Portuguese). IBGE.gov.br. Retrieved 6 Jul 2011.
- History of Votuporanga Votuporanga Official Website
- "History of Votuporanga: The Name" (in Portuguese). Prefecture of Votuporanga. Retrieved 16 June 2012.
- "Municipal Profile at SEADE" (in Portuguese). Fundação SEADE. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- "Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano - Municipal, 1991 e 2000" (in Portuguese). PNUD (UNDP) Brasil. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- "Inauguração da UPA/Samu marca desenvolvimento da Saúde na região" (in Portuguese). Diário de Votuporanga. Retrieved June 18, 2012.