Voorhout (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈvoːrɦʌut] (listen)) is a village and former municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The former municipality covered an area of 12.59 km² (4.86 mile²) of which 0.33 km² (0.13 mile²) is covered by water, and had a population of 14,792 in 2004. Together with Sassenheim and Warmond, it became part of the Teylingen municipality on January 1, 2006. Voorhout is located in an area called the "Dune and Bulb Region" (Duin- en Bollenstreek).
|Water board||Hoogheemraadschap van Rijnland|
|• Total||12.62 km2 (4.87 sq mi)|
In 1988 Voorhout celebrated its 1000th anniversary. A letter mentioning Voorhout from 988 had been preserved. This letter states that count Dirk II of Holland granted the church of “Foranholte” (the old name of Voorhout) to the Egmond Abbey. The second part of the name –holte or –hout (meaning “wood”) is a reference to the dune area that was supposedly very wooded at the time. Settlements arose around this area, and Voorhout arose in front of a forest. The nearby Noordwijkerhout also refers to this forest, just like Holland, which is a degeneration of Holtland, meaning woodland.
The area was inhabited far before 988 with Roman coins from around 2000 years ago having been found. In 1907 at the Rijnsburgerweg a farmer found 18 bronze axes and 1 chisel, about 3500 years old. They are now on display in the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in Leiden.
Since 1150 the nobles of Teylingen take an important role in the area. In the Slot Teylingen Dutch counts regularly meet. The most important inhabitant of the castle was Jacoba van Beieren. Voorhout still remained a small settlement. In 1514 there were only 40 recorded houses in Voorhout.
In 1657 the Leidsevaart was dug. It was a canal going from Haarlem to Leiden. Because of this Voorhout started to grow slowly. In 1842 the train track Haarlem-Leiden was opened and Voorhout got two stops, Station Piet Gijzenbrug in the hamlet of Piet Gijzenbrug near Noordwijk, and another called Station Voorhout. In 1900 Voorhout has about 2000 inhabitants. Until World War II the main source of income in Voorhout was from the flower bulb industry. After 1944 both train stations in Voorhout get closed for passenger transport and roads are constructed.
In 1960 about 5000 people lived in Voorhout and in 1988 that number grew to 9360. The fast growth is caused by the new neighbourhood Oosthout. In 1997 Voorhout gets a train station again. Because of the construction of new neighborhoods the population grew very much. On January 1, 2005 Voorhout counts 14,919 inhabitants. Today only a small amount of the population still works in bulb cultivation. Most inhabitants work outside of Voorhout. On January 1, 2006 the municipalities of Voorhout, Warmond and Sassenheim merge to form the new municipality called Teylingen to the dismay of some of the inhabitants.
Born in VoorhoutEdit
- Herman Boerhaave (31 December 1668 - 23 September 1738), botanist, humanist and physician of European fame
- Edwin van der Sar (29 October 1970), football player (goalkeeper)
- Rob van Dijk (15 January 1969), football player (goalkeeper)
Lived in VoorhoutEdit
- Jacqueline of Bavaria (Le Quesnoy, 16 July 1401 – Slot Teylingen, 9 October 1436), Countess of Holland, lived for a few years in Slot Teylingen
- Carlo l'Ami, old football player (goalkeeper) and later goalkeeper's trainer by AFC Ajax, in Amsterdam
- Joris Schouten (Blokker, 23 September 1926), politician
- Chiara Tissen (5 March 1964), actress and writer
- E.M. Uhlenbeck (Den Haag, 9 August 1913 - Voorhout, 27 May 2003), linguist
- Truus van Aalten (Arnhem, 2 August 1910 - Warmond, 27 June 1999), actress, she ran a souvenir import/export business in Voorhout after 1954, after the Nazis ended her career as a film comedian in Germany
- Marco van Basten, former football player (Striker) and later a coach at AFC Ajax, SC Heerenveen and AZ Alkmaar
- Frank van Borssele (1395–1470), Stadholder (Governor) of Holland and Zeeland provinces, Count of Oostervant, fourth husband of Jacoba van Beieren, lived for a few years in Slot Teylingen
- Edwin van der Sar (29 October 1970), goalkeeper for AFC Ajax, Juventus, Fulham, Manchester United and the National team, started career at VV Foreholte
- Teylingen Castle, in Dutch: Slot Teylingen (monument)
- The Boerhaave House, in Dutch: het Boerhaavehuis (monument)
- Small Church, in Dutch: Kleine Kerk (monument)
- Saint-Bartholomew Church (or Big Church), in Dutch: Sint-Bartholomeüskerk (of Grote Kerk)
- Polder Mill Hope Brings Life, in Dutch: Poldermolen Hoop Doet Leven (monument)
- Tulipland Panorama, in Dutch: Panorama Tulipland (discontinued since 2011)
- The Hooghkamer Farm, in Dutch: De Hooghkamer (monument)
- Rijnoord Farm, in Dutch: Rijnoord Boerderij (monument)
- Klein Bouwlust Farm, in Dutch: Klein Bouwlust (monument)
- Noordhout Farm, in Dutch: Noordhout (monument)
- VV Foreholte, football club
- h.v. Foreholte, handball club
- MHC Voorhout, hockey club
- SV Voorhout, tennis club
- TV Voorhout, tennis club
- De Columbiaan, swimming club
- Forwodians, basketball club
- Bacluvo, badminton club
- Inspiration, majorets and twirl club
- Sint Cecilia, Roman Catholic music organisation