Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus, which is Volkswagen Trucks and Buses in English, is a Brazilian commercial vehicle manufacturing company based in Resende, Brazil and a subsidiary of Traton. It manufactures heavy trucks and buses under the Volkswagen marque.
|Latin America, Africa and Middle East|
|Roberto Cortes President|
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus was originally a part of the Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles division of the Volkswagen Group. On 1 January 2009, it was sold to MAN SE, and formed its MAN Latin America division. In August 2021, MAN SE was merged with Traton SE, with the latter becoming the direct owner and parent of Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus.
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus operationEdit
In 1979, Volkswagenwerk AG acquired a 67% percent stake in Chrysler Motors do Brasil Ltda. In January 1980, it increased its shareholding to 100%, therefore giving it the right to rename the company to Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda.
Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda. released their first trucks in February/March 1981; the Volkswagen 11.130 and the Volkswagen 13.130, both had a reworked version of Volkswagen's Mk1 LT cabin, and were powered by MWM Motores Diesel Ltda (MWM) diesel engines on Chrysler engineered platforms which were inherited from the takeover.
Volkswagen Groups involvement is only in supplying the factory and inspection at the end of production; Volkswagen pays only a small amount of wages, as each partner of the Modular Consortium pays the workers.
The Modular Consortium comprises these companies:
- Maxion Sistemas Automotivos Ltda. manufacture the chassis parts such as Air Reservoir, Fuel Tank and Frame
- ArvinMeritor manufacture the Suspension and Axle parts such as Springs and Hubs and Drums
- Remon S.A. manufacture the Tires and Wheels
- Aethra Karmann-Ghia manages the Body Shop
- Carese manages the Paint Shop
- Continental AG manufacture the Cab Trim components such as Seats and Instrument Panel
Most of the early sales of the Truck and Bus chassis' operations were mainly within South America; with the exception of small exportations to China and the Middle East.
Prior to Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles' new role of managing the Truck and Bus operation; in 1994 Volkswagen imported to Germany a 7 tonne truck: the Volkswagen L80. Due to the European Union Gas Emissions EU4 standards; exports discontinued in late 2000.
The Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles eraEdit
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles took over the Brazilian Trucks and Buses operation in 2000 from Volkswagen do Brasil; Volkswagen's Brazilian subsidiary. This signaled the start of a new era for the Volkswagen Group in producing its own Heavy Truck and Bus chassis range, which covers the gross combination mass (GCM) of 5 tonnes to 57 tonnes category.
Since Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles have taken control; the company has been looking at expanding Truck and Bus sales to other markets outside of South America, South Africa and Middle East regions.
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus company factsEdit
- The Resende plant was built in 153 days at a cost of US$250 million
- The Resende plant adheres to International Organization for Standardization ISO TS and ISO 14001
- Resende plant produces 240 vehicles per day in two working shifts and employs 4,500 workers.
- Volkswagen Trucks and Buses are sold in over 35 countries around the world. Some of the countries are Argentina, Peru, Chile, Uruguay, Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Paraguay, Ecuador, Dominican Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia.
- Most of the Volkswagen truck and Bus growth has been in the last eight years
- All the 2007 Volkswagen truck range are capable of operating in minus 20 °C and plus 45 °C; Middle East specified trucks can stand 55 degrees Celsius.
- Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus are assembled at the MAN Automotive Concessionaires Corporation plant in Quezon City, Philippines since March 2014.
BMB Mode CenterEdit
Established in 2002 10 km from Resende the assembly plant, the BMB Mode Center is responsible for modifications to the truck and bus range that cannot be done on the production line.
BMB Mode Center build:
- For bus range: low entry buses and articulated buses.
- For truck range: 4x4, 8x4 & 8x2 conversions as well as an armored truck & finally exterior design modifications.
The BMB division moved in June 2006 to the new location 150 m outside the Resende Plant. The new location has 30,000 square metres of land; it cost Brazilian R$7 million to build.
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus highlightsEdit
- January 1981
- Volkswagenwerk AG acquires 100% of the Chrysler Motors of Brazil Ltda
- February 1981
- Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda releases first trucks — 11.130, 13.130, and an ethanol powered truck
- March 1981
- Changing of name from Chrysler Motors of Brazil Ltda to Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda (Caminhões is Portuguese for trucks)
- September 1982
- Launching of 6 tonne truck range
- July 1984
- Integration of Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda. into Volkswagen do Brasil
- August 1984
- Volkswagen 140, the first methane gas/biogas powered truck in Brazil
- July 1985
- Volkswagen 11.130 exported to China
- July 1987
- Truck division integrates with Ford Trucks with the formation of AutoLatina
- July 1990
- Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus plant moves to Industrial Complex of the Ipiranga
- April 1993
- Launching of the first Volkswagen Volksbus chassis 16.180 CO
- April 1994
- Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus celebrate 100,000th VWCV truck produced
- June 1995
- Beginning of the Volkswagen L80 exports to Germany
- Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda. announces Resende, Brazil as site for the construction of the future Truck and Bus plant
- November 1996
- Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda moves to new Resende plant
- September 1997
- Commemoration of the 5000th vehicle made in the Resende plant
- June 1998
- Launching of the Volkswagen Trucks for the Argentine market
- Export of complete knock down (CKD) kits of Volksbus microbus chassis to Colombia
- January 2000
- Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles (VWN) of Germany, with headquarters in Hanover, assumes the responsibility for the Truck and Bus operation
- March 2000
- Launching of Series 2000
- April 2001
- For the first time in its 20 years, the Volkswagen Caminhões Ltda becomes leader in the Brazilian market for trucks
- August 2002
- Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus has 30% market share of Brazilian market, Brazil is the Number 1 in the world, buyer of Buses and Number 2 for Trucks
- December 2002
- Production of 100,000th Volkswagen truck in Resende
- July 2003
- Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus participates in the International Rally of the Sertões, with three 8.150 trucks
- October 2003
- Announcement of the creation of Volkswagen Truck and Bus Operation in Mexico, construction of an assembly line starts in the City of Puebla, Mexico
- November 2003
- In pioneering research in Brazil, Volkswagen tests a Volksbus powered by biodiesel with the support of the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro and the UFRJ, in the Riobiodiesel project
- April 2004
- Volkswagen 18.310 successful for the first time in the Super European Truck Championship
- July 2004
- Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus add three more vehicles in the RioBiodiesel programme
- August 2004
- First Volkswagen truck production tests are conducted in the plant of Puebla, Mexico
- September 2004
- Volkswagen announces construction of plant for Volkswagen Truck and Bus range in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
- October 2004
- The Puebla, Mexican Volkswagen plant officially opens
- Volkswagen Titan 18.310 is champion in the Super European Truck Championships in the first year it competes
- October 2005
- Beginning of the Volkswagen Truck and Bus operation in South Africa with the production of three Volksbus models
- November 2005
- Volkswagen Truck and Bus release Delivery (5 to 8 tonnes) and Constellation (13 to 45 tonnes) lines
- June 2006
- The BMB Mode Centre is opened for specialised modification of Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus range
- The Constellation Daycab is released
- September 2006
- The top of the line 18.320 VIP Volksbus is released
- February 2007
- Release of the 31.320 6x4 Constellation, and 15.190, 17.230 Volksbus line
- 8 August 2007
- Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus released their most powerful diesel engine – the Volkswagen NGD 370 in the Volkswagen Constellation lineup
- 22 August 2007
- Volkswagen produce the first right hand drive heavy truck in the companies history, with the release of the Volkswagen Constellation range in South Africa
- 8 August 2008
- Volkswagen releases a new robotised transmission in co-operation with ZF Friedrichshafen AG for the Volksbus range
- 15 December 2008
- Volkswagen AG sells Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus to MAN SE to form MAN Latin America.
- 3 November 2011
- Volkswagen AG acquires majority share holding of 55.9% in MAN SE, thus officially bringing Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus back into the Volkswagen Group.
- 13 September 2017
- Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus launches an all new generation of the popular Volkswagen Delivery family.
- 1 September 2020
- Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus launches their first heavy duty flagship model, the Volkswagen Meteor.
- 31 August 2021
- MAN SE is merged with Traton SE, with the latter becoming the new owner and parent of Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus in motorsportsEdit
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus competes in the Brazilian Fórmula Truck championship, with four drivers. The Volkswagen Constellation 18.310 Titan tractor unit is used; they are driven by Renato Martins, Felipe Giaffone, Walmir Benavides and Débora Rodrigues. Furthermore, an additional Constellation is used as the official pace truck, driven by Ana Lúcia Lopes.
Volkswagen Caminhões e Ônibus galleryEdit
- "Executives". VWTBpress.com.br. MAN Latin America. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
- "Volkswagen sells heavy truck business in Brazil to MAN". VolkswagenAG.com. Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft. 15 December 2008. Archived from the original on 1 October 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
- "Volkswagen Trucks and Buses - History". VWTBpress.com.br. MAN Latin America. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
- "Volkswagen Trucks and Buses - Plant - Resende". VWTBpress.com.br. MAN Latin America. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
- Locations – America – Resende (Brasil) Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Resende - Brasil". VWTBpress.com.br (in Portuguese). MAN Latin America. Archived from the original on 2008-05-19. Retrieved 2008-06-07.
- "BMB Mode Center abre centro modificador de caminhões e Ônibus Volkswagen". VWTBpress.com.br (in Portuguese). MAN Latin America. Retrieved 2008-06-07.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2009-01-03.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Volkswagen Trucks and Buses - Fórmula Truck". VWTBpress.com.br. MAN Latin America. Archived from the original on 26 January 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2009.
- "Volkswagen Caminhões". lexicarbrasil.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved July 3, 2020.
- official sites
- MAN Latin America international portal
- Volkswagen Trucks and Buses Nigeria official website
- Volkswagen Brazil Truck and Bus (in Portuguese) official website
- MAN Volkswagen Truck and Bus Brazil press site
- Resende (Brazil) Plant Sustainability site[dead link]
- BMB Mode Center (VW Trucks and Buses modification branch) (in Portuguese)
- Volkswagen Heavy Trucks in Mexico (in Spanish)
- unaffiliated sites