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Vladimir Iosifovich Veksler (Ukrainian: Володимир Йосипович Векслер; March 4, 1907[1] in Zhytomyr, Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine) – September 22, 1966[1] in Moscow, USSR) was a prominent Soviet experimental physicist.

Vladimir Iosifovich Veksler
Vladimir Veksler.jpg
Born
Vladimir Iosifovich Veksler

(1907-03-04)March 4, 1907
DiedSeptember 22, 1966(1966-09-22) (aged 59)
NationalitySoviet
Alma materMoscow Power Engineering Institute
Known forsynchrotron, proton accelerator, cosmic ray
AwardsStalin Prize (1951)
Atoms for Peace Award (1963)
Lenin Prize (1959)
Scientific career
Fieldsphysics
InstitutionsLebedev Physical Institute
Joint Institute for Nuclear Research
Soviet Academy of Sciences

Veksler's family moved from Zhitomir to Moscow in 1915. In 1931 he graduated from the Moscow Power Engineering Institute. He began working at the Lebedev Physical Institute in 1936, and became involved in particle detector development and the study of cosmic rays. He participated in a number of expeditions to the Pamir Mountains and to Mount Elbrus, which were devoted to the study of cosmic ray composition. In 1944, he began working in the field of accelerator physics, where he became famous for the invention of the microtron,[2][3] and the development of the synchrotron in independence to Edwin McMillan,[4] pursuing the development of modern particle accelerators.

In 1956 he established and became the first director of the Laboratory of High Energy at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, where the Synchrophasotron, that, along with Protvino, incorporated the largest circular proton accelerators in the world at their time, was constructed under his leadership.[1]

From 1946-1957, he was a corresponding member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Veksler became a full member of the Academy in 1958. In 1963 he was appointed head of the Nuclear Physics Department of the Academy. In 1965, Veksler established the journal Nuclear Physics (Yadernaya Fizika) and became its first editor-in-chief.[1]

He received numerous honours, including the Stalin Prize in 1951, the American Atoms for Peace Award in 1963[1] and the Lenin Prize in 1959.

Streets in Dubna, Odessa, Zhytomyr and CERN are named in his honour.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Faces and Places / The enduring legacy of Vladimir Veksler". CERN Courier. 4 Jun 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
  2. ^ Veksler, V.I. (1944). "A New Method of Accelerating Relativistic Particles" (PDF). Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR (in Russian). 43: 346–348.
  3. ^ Veksler, V.I. (1944). "About the New Method of Accelerating Relativistic Particles" (PDF). Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR (in Russian). 44: 393–396.
  4. ^ J. David Jackson and W.K.H. Panofsky (1996). "EDWIN MATTISON MCMILLAN: A Biographical Memoir" (PDF). National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 2012-01-15.