Violet Brown (née Mosse; 10 March 1900 – 15 September 2017) was a Jamaican supercentenarian who was the oldest verified living person in the world for five months, following the death of Emma Morano on 15 April 2017 until her own death at the age of 117 years, 189 days on 15 September 2017. She is the fifth-oldest person in recorded history and along with Nabi Tajima of Japan, was one of the last two living people known to have been born in the 19th century.
10 March 1900
Duanvale, Trelawny, British Jamaica
15 September 2017|
(aged 117 years, 189 days)
Montego Bay, Saint James Parish, Jamaica
|Cause of death||Dehydration and cardiac arrhythmia|
|Other names||Violete Brown, Violet Mosse-Brown, Violet Moss|
|Known for||Oldest living person (15 April 2017 – 15 September 2017)
Oldest Jamaican person ever
First verified Jamaican supercentenarian
Last known surviving subject of Queen Victoria
|Spouse(s)||Augustus Gaynor Brown (died 1997)|
Brown was one of four children born to John Mosse, who was a sugar boiler, and Elizabeth Riley. She was baptized at the age of 13 into the Baptist Church. She married Augustus Gaynor Brown, with whom she had one daughter. She had six children in total, four of whom were still living at the time of her death in 2017.
When asked about the reasons for her longevity, Brown claimed there was no secret formula to her long life, telling the Jamaica Gleaner: "Really and truly, when people ask what I eat and drink to live so long, I say to them that I eat everything, except pork and chicken, and I don't drink rum and dem tings [sic]".
She is the oldest verified Jamaican person ever and the first verified supercentenarian from Jamaica. Her date of birth was variously reported as 4 March 1900, 10 March 1900, and 15 March 1900. However, it was officially recognised as 10 March 1900 by the Gerontology Research Group in 2014.
Brown died on 15 September 2017 at a hospital in Montego Bay, Saint James Parish, at the age of 117, after being diagnosed with dehydration and irregular heartbeat a week prior. Following her death Nabi Tajima became the oldest living person and the last living person born in the 19th century.
- Tashieka Mair (16 July 2007). "The independent Mrs Violet Brown". The Jamaica Star. Archived from the original on 31 July 2015.
- "Oldest Validated Living Supercentenarians". Gerontology Research Group. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- Jones, Stephen (15 April 2017). "New oldest living person in world was born only miles from fastest man on planet". mirror. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
- "World's oldest person Emma Morano dies at 117". BBC News. 15 April 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
- Badcock, James (18 April 2017). "Jamaican church stalwart Violet Brown becomes world's oldest person at 117". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
- Limited, Jamaica Observer. "Jamaica's supercentenarian shows age is more than just a number – Editorial". Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2017-04-22.
- "Learn The Secrets Of Longevity From Violet Brown, The World's Oldest Woman". Blavity. 18 April 2017.
- Steve Robson (16 September 2017). "Violet Brown: Oldest person in the world has died aged 117-years-old in Jamaica". Retrieved 18 September 2017.
- Sheena Gayle (8 March 2010). 110-y-o Trelawny woman reveals secret to long life. Jamaica Gleaner. Accessed January 2014.
- Horace Hines (29 March 2013). An extraordinary senior citizen – ‘Aunt V’ turns 113. Jamaica Observer; accessed January 2015.
- Sophie Lewis (17 April 2017). "There's a new world's oldest woman". CNN. Retrieved September 16, 2017.
- "97 Year Old Son Of World's Oldest Person Dies In Trelawny". rjrnewsonline. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- "Violet Moss Foundation – Just another WordPress site". violetmossfoundation.org. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- Limited, Jamaica Observer. "97-year-old son of world's oldest person dies". Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- Press, Associated. "Man, 97, dies just days after mother was declared world's oldest person". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
- "Violet Mosse Brown — 116 amazing years!". Jamaica Observer. 23 May 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- "Japanese Woman Becomes Oldest Person in the World". NewsBeat Social. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- "Jamaica's Violet Brown dies at 117; Japan woman now oldest". CTVNews. 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
- Violet Mosse Foundation, a nonprofit support organisation for contributing to the well-being of all elderly persons. This foundation was founded by Violet Brown's relatives and named after Violet Brown.