Vincent Žuk-Hryškievič

Dr. Vincent Žuk-Hryškievič[2][3] (Belarusian: Вінцэнт Жук-Грышкевіч, sometimes Vincent Zhuk-Hryshkevich, Polish: Wincenty Żuk-Hryszkiewicz; February 10, 1903 – February 14, 1989) was a Belarusian emigre politician.

Dr. Vincent Žuk-Hryškievič
Вінцэнт Жук-Грышкевіч
President of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic-in-exile
In office
May 1970 – November 1980
Preceded byMikoła Abramčyk
Succeeded byJazep Sažyč
Personal details
Born(1903-02-10)February 10, 1903
Budslaŭ, Russian Empire
DiedFebruary 14, 1989(1989-02-14) (aged 86)
Barrie, Ontario, Canada
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Raisa Žuk-Hryškievič
ChildrenOne daughter
Alma materCharles University in Prague, University of Ottawa
ProfessionHistorian, lecturer
AwardsRibbon - Defence Medal.png Defence Medal (United Kingdom)
Ribbon - 1939-45 Star.png 1939–1945 Star
Ribbon - Italy Star.png Italy Star
Krzyz Monte Cassino Ribbon.png Monte Cassino Commemorative Cross[1]

Vincent Žuk-Hryškievič studied at a Belarusian gymnasium in Budsłaŭ and then, after the gymnasium's closure, in the Belarusian Gymnasium of Vilnia from which he graduated in 1922.

He graduated from the Charles University in Prague in 1926 and worked in 1927-1939 as a teacher in the Belarusian Gymnasium of Vilnia, while also taking part in Belarusian activities in West Belarus, including work for a newspaper published by the Belarusian Peasants' and Workers' Union.[4]

In late September 1939, after the Soviet invasion of Poland, Vincent Žuk-Hryškievič was first appointed editor in a Soviet newspaper but very soon arrested by the NKVD. After several months of tortures, he was sent to Gulag concentration camps in Kotlas and Vorkuta.

In 1942 he was set free as a Polish citizen and fought in the Anders Army in Egypt and Italy, including the Battle of Monte Cassino.

After the war, Žuk-Hryškievič first settled in the United Kingdom where together with other Belarusian veterans of the Anders Army he became one of the founders of the Association of Belarusians in Great Britain.

In 1950, he moved to Canada and actively participated in Belarusian activities in North America as one of the leaders of the Belarusian Canadian Alliance. In 1952, he became a Ph.D. in Literature at the University of Ottawa.[5]

For a period of two years he moved to Munich, West Germany, at the invitation of President Mikoła Abramčyk. Here he established and managed the Belarusian section of Radio Liberty. He made the first broadcast to his homeland on May 20, 1954, and remained with the programme until April 1956 when he returned to Toronto.

Vincent Žuk-Hryškievič was president of the government-in-exile of the Belarusian Democratic Republic between 1971 and 1982.

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Жыцьцё Вінцэнта Жук-Грышкевіча [The Life of Vincent Zuk-Hryskievic], by Raisa Zuk-Hryskievic, Toronto, 1993, p. 69
  2. ^ Raisa Zuk-Hryskievic papers - University of Minnesota Libraries (last retrieved 11 May 2019)
  3. ^ Žuk-Hryškievič Vincent // Zaprudnik J. Historical dictionary of Belarus. — Lamham. — London: Scarecrow Press, 1998. — 338 p. ISBN 0-8108-3449-9.
  4. ^ Жыцьцё Вінцэнта Жук-Грышкевіча [The Life of Vincent Zuk-Hryskievic], by Raisa Zuk-Hryskievic, Toronto, 1993, p. 57
  5. ^ Жыцьцё Вінцэнта Жук-Грышкевіча [The Life of Vincent Zuk-Hryskievic], by Raisa Zuk-Hryskievic, Toronto, 1993, p. 109