Mikola Abramchyk

Mikola Abramchyk (Belarusian: Мікола Абрамчык, Russian: Николай Абрамчик, Hebrew: מיקעולא אברמצ'יק‎), (August 16, 1903 in Maładziečna region, Russian Empire – May 29, 1970 in Paris, France) was a Belarusian journalist and emigre politician of Ottoman Jewish and Armenian descent and president of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in exile during 1943–1970.

Mikoła Abramčyk
Mikola Abramchyk.jpg
President of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in exile
In office
1943 (acting till 1947) – May 1970
Preceded byVasil Zacharka
Succeeded byVincent Žuk-Hryškievič
Personal details
Born(1903-08-16)August 16, 1903
Syčavičy, Vileysky Uyezd, Vilna Governorate, Russian Empire
DiedMay 25, 1970(1970-05-25) (aged 66)
Paris, France
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)Nina Laŭkovič
Alma materCharles University in Prague
ProfessionJournalist, editor
Grave of Mikola Abramchyk in Paris


He attended school in Radaškavičy. In 1923, after the civil war in Russia, he emigrated to Czechoslovakia, lived in Prague, and studied agricultural sciences there. He was a member of the Association of Belarusian Student Organization.

In 1930 he went to Paris, where he developed the Belarusian association of workers, Chaurus. He published the magazines Biuleten and Recha. He worked in the emigration for cultural and political organizations. He was a member of the Belarusian Committee of Self-leadership in Berlin. In 1943, he was removed by the Germans from the Committee in charges of conducting prohibited activities and arrested. After being released, he returned to Paris, where he was chosen the president of the Belarusian Democratic Republic in exile. He showed particular concern about the fate of Belarusian refugees. Throughout the time was under surveillance by the Gestapo because of his rumoured Jewish background and suspicion of conspiracy to the detriment of the Third Reich. After the war he was involved in international anticommunist activities.

On November 28, 1947 in Paris Abramchyk was elected as president of the Rada of the Belarusian Democratic Republic which became a competitor of the Belarusian Central Council led by Radasłaŭ Astroŭski.[1] In 1950, in Toronto he has published the brochure I Accuse the Kremlin of the Genocide of My Nation.

In the late 1950s and the 1960s, he chaired the League for the Liberation of the Peoples of the USSR, comprising representatives of the Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Ukrainians, Georgians, Belarusians and North Caucasians.

Abramchyk is buried at the Père Lachaise Cemetery (division 59).[2]


  1. ^ Wojciech Roszkowski, Jan Kofman: Biographical Dictionary of Central and Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century. Routledge, 2016. p. 4.
  2. ^ Як знайсці магілу Міколы і Ніны Абрамчык (in Belarusian)