Vinçenc Prennushi

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Vinçenc Prennushi (4 September 1885 – 19 March 1949) – born Nikoll Prendushi – was an Albanian Roman Catholic professed member from the Order of Friars Minor and he served as the Archbishop of Durrës from 1940 until his death.[1] Prennushi became a noted poet and writer and published several works on national and international matters.[2][3]


Vinçenc Prennushi

Archbishop of Durrës
Vinçenc Prennushi.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic Church
ArchdioceseDurrës
SeeDurrës
Appointed26 June 1940
Term ended19 March 1949
PredecessorPjetër Gjura
SuccessorRrok Mirdita
Orders
Ordination19 March 1908
Consecration19 March 1936
by Giovanni Battista della Pietra
RankArchbishop
Personal details
Born
Nikoll Prendushi

(1885-09-04)4 September 1885
Died19 March 1949(1949-03-19) (aged 63)
Durrës, Albania
Previous post(s)Bishop of Sapë (1936–1940)
SignatureVinçenc Prennushi's signature
Sainthood
Feast day5 November
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified5 November 2016
Shkodër Cathedral, Albania
by Cardinal Angelo Amato
Attributes
  • Episcopal attire
Patronage
  • Persecuted Christians

Prennushi – and other companions killed under the communist regime – was beatified on 5 November 2016 and Cardinal Angelo Amato presided over the celebration on the behalf of Pope Francis.[4]

LifeEdit

Nikoll Prennushi was born in Shkodër on 4 September 1885 to Gjon and Drande Prennushi.

Prennushi entered the Order of Friars Minor in 1900 and commenced his novitiate period in Troshan while also pursuing his philosophical and theological studies at the Innsbruck college. He assumed the religious name "Vinçenc" when he made his profession into the Franciscans. He was ordained to the priesthood on 19 March 1908 and celebrated his first Mass on the following 25 March. After the establishment of the Albanian state in 1914 he took an active role in the life of his nation and wrote numerous books on national and international affairs and also wrote for and directed newspapers and journals.[2][4] Prennushi was also a poet and was active in collecting Albanian folklore. On January 27, 1936, Pope Pius XI named him Bishop of Sapë and he received his episcopal consecration the following March 19. On 26 June 1940, he was named Archbishop of Durrës. He began to publish his letters to the faithful in printed form under the fascist occupation in 1941.[1][3]

In 1945 the communist dictator Enver Hoxha summoned Bishop Prennushi and Bishop Gaspër Thaçi and demanded that the pair separate the nation's churches from Rome and found a new national church. The prelates refused.[4] On May 19, 1947 the communist authorities arrested Prennushi and sentenced him to two decades of imprisonment after his trial on 18 December 1947 and sentencing on 28 February 1948. His cellmate was Arshi Pipa, who later wrote a reminiscence of his final moments. After various forms of torture—including being rolled inside a nail-studded barrel—Prennushi died in prison on March 19, 1949.[2][3]

BeatificationEdit

The beatification process for Prennushi and other companions killed under communist rule took its first step on 7 June 2002 after all causes for each individual were transferred from various dioceses to that of Shkodër-Pult while Prennushi was made the lead individual for the cause. The candidates – including Prennushi – were all titled to be a Servant of God on 4 September 2002 under Pope John Paul II after the Congregation for the Causes of Saints issued the official "nihil obstat" to the cause. The diocesan process spanned from 10 November 2002 until 8 December 2010 and it received C.C.S. validation on 9 March 2012.

The postulation sent the official Positio dossier to the C.C.S. in Rome in 2015 which allowed for theologians to review the cause and approve it on 17 December 2015 while the C.C.S. did so as well on 19 April 2016. Pope Francis approved that the 38 individuals were killed "in odium fidei" (in hatred of the faith) and thus approved their beatification on 26 April 2016. The beatification was celebrated in Albania on 5 November 2016 and Cardinal Angelo Amato presided on the pope's behalf. Up to 20 000 people attended the celebration including the Archbishop of Potenza and the cardinal-elect Ernest Simoni (he held a box of bones of ten of the individuals).

The current postulator for this cause is Giovangiuseppe Califano.

Published worksEdit

  • 1911: Visari kombëtar (The national treasure)
  • 1919: E Trathtuemja (The betrayed)
  • Prej robnije në liri (Out of slavery into freedom)
  • Gjeth e lule (Trees and flowers)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Senechal, Marjorie (1997). Long Life to Your Children. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press. p. 18. ISBN 1-55849-096-5.
  2. ^ a b c Peters, Markus W. E. (2003). Geschichte der Katholischen Kirche in Albanien 1919–1993. Albanische Forschungen (in German). Vol. 23. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag. pp. 288–289. ISBN 3-447-04784-4.
  3. ^ a b c Elsie, Robert. "Arshi Pipa: Communism and Albanian writers". Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  4. ^ a b c "Servant of God Vinçenc Prennushi". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 11 October 2016.

External linksEdit