Concello de Vilasantar
Location of Vilasantar within Galicia
|• Total||59.36 km2 (22.92 sq mi)|
|• Density||21/km2 (53/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Vilasantar is located in the south of the comarca of Betanzos. It is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Curtis and Oza-Cesuras; to the west by Mesía, to the east with Sobrado and to the south with Boimorto. Its surface is 59.2 km².
It is situated in an area of medium altitude, with most of the municipality being between 400 and 500 meters above sea level. The Tambre river (which delimits the southern border with Boimorto), and its tributaries, including the Cabalar river and the Río das Gándaras river, are of great importance.
Megaliths are preserved, such as the mámoas de Vilariño, the mámoa de Pedriño or the medorra de Fanegas, in the parish of San Vicenzo de Curtis. Castros such as those in Vilariño or As Corredoiras are preserved from the Castro culture.
In the Middle Ages, these lands belonged to the county of Présaras, which had its origin in the Roman praessurae, desert lands offered to settlers to be populated and cultivated. The area was strongly linked to the Sobrado Abbey and Monastery of Santa María de Mezonzo. This last one may have its origin in the Suevian era, because the church retains two capitals of the sixth or seventh centuries and appears in Latin documents as monastery of Mosontio. In the middle of the tenth century, Pedro de Mezonzo, who became the abbot of the convent and bishop of Compostela, joined him.
In the Modern Age there were numerous hidalgos in the municipality, as evidenced by several manor houses. Vilasantar was established as municipality in 1834. Its population grew until 1950, when it began to fall due to emigration.
It was an area of great activity during the Civil War and the postwar period. In 1938, the mayor of Vilasantar and neighbor of Présaras, Antonio Iglesias Corral, was executated in Miraz, Friol. In the years following the war, the Guerrilla Army of Galicia took some actions in the municipality, as well as the mythical Foucellas, who acted in the area and lived a time hidden in the house of his cousin in Ru, Vilasantar. In the parish of Mezonzo was born other guerrilla, Manolito Bello.
The primary sector and the tertiary one have a predominant weight in the area, and in the secondary sector the manufacture of wooden board stands out, due to the presence of the Losán Group in the municipality.
During the first half of the 20th century, the textile industry was very important because of the La Arzuana factory in Présaras, founded by Luís Miranda and José Núñez de la Barca, and in which hundreds of people worked, most of them women.
Evolution of the population in the last century:
The municipality is formed by the following seven parishes:
- Armental (San Martiño).
- Barbeito (San Salvador).
- Mezonzo (Santa María).
- Présaras (San Pedro).
- San Vicenzo de Curtis (San Vicenzo).
- Vilariño (Santa María).
- Vilasantar (Santiago).
- "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- "Mapa topográfico España". topographic-map.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- Administrator. "SOBRADO DOS MONXES". www.viatorimperi.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Historia Condado de Présaras". Concello de Vilasantar (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Goretti Sanmartín reúnese coa familia do alcalde de Vilasantar asasinado polo franquismo – Noticias de Galicia". www.noticieirogalego.com (in Galician). Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Antonio Iglesias Corral – Nomes e Voces". vitimas.nomesevoces.net (in Galician). Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- Lamela García, Luis (1992). "Foucellas". El riguroso relato de una lucha antifranquista (1936–1952) (in Spanish). Ediciós do Castro. ISBN 84-7492-608-4.
- "Los inicios de la industria textil en A Coruña". La Opinión de A Coruña (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Cuando ellas revolucionaron Vilasantar". La Opinión de A Coruña (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 June 2018.
- "Instituto Nacional de Estadística. (Spanish Statistical Institute)". www.ine.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 June 2018.